All cats suffer from digestive problems from time to time, and diarrhea is not uncommon. It is considered normal if it lasts only a day - so the animal’s body is cleared of toxins and toxins. But if a cat has diarrhea for more than two days, what to do? Then the delicate problem needs to be solved immediately.
First a diagnosis and then a treatment.
As a rule, infectious or chemical irritants that affect the intestinal mucosa cause diarrhea in animals. In general, absorbed food is digested in the stomach of cats for about 8 hours to transit through the large and small intestines.
The small intestine is responsible for the absorption of 80% of the liquid contained in the eaten foods. A large intestine forms from the already obtained material feces. When food passes through the digestive system too quickly, the liquid component is not fully absorbed, which causes diarrhea.
The factors causing irritation of the intestines and the corresponding abnormally rapid "transit" of food may be such as:
- internal parasites - nematodes, tapeworms, roundworms and others;
- infectious microorganisms - bacteria, viruses, fungi;
- food unacceptable for cats - spoiled food, fatty, spicy, spicy or too salty food, abrupt change of diet;
- the presence of foreign material in the stomach, such as lumps of wool, sticks and stones, bone remains, pieces of plastic or villi of the carpet;
- toxic substances - household detergents, some wild plants, non-prescription human drugs;
- stress - moving, abrupt climate change, animal exhibition, visiting the vet, the presence of strangers in the house, the emergence of new pets;
- irritable bowel syndrome or other inflammatory diseases of the mucous membrane;
- underlying systemic diseases - feline leukemia or immunodeficiency virus, peritonitis, liver and kidney disease, pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism, diabetes and others.
A single intestinal disorder, provided that the animal behaves normally, is not a cause for concern. If the cat has diarrhea and vomiting, impurities in the faeces or other symptoms, the first thing to do is contact your veterinarian. When the animal's condition deteriorates, it is better to call a doctor at home. In such situations, the transportation of a pet is undesirable and can aggravate the problem, causing him additional stress.
At the reception of a specialist
Difficulties with the diagnosis of the disease in an experienced specialist usually does not arise. However, the pet owner should be described in detail all the symptoms, the duration of the diarrhea and the strangeness in the cat's behavior. In addition to the information received, the veterinarian can take blood, urine or feces samples, palpate the intestines and measure the temperature. In rare cases, endoscopic examination of the stomach or radiography may be necessary.
Many cats with long-term diarrhea require maintenance therapy, which includes the following areas:
- Rest for the intestines. In cases of acute diarrhea, it is worthwhile to protect the cat from any food for a period of 24 hours to help the intestines calm down and establish the correct rhythm of work.
- Diet therapy - the transition to simple food, for example, to boiled rice with chicken, allows you to cope with the symptoms of diarrhea, regardless of its causes. In addition, your veterinarian may recommend a special food for cats in case of diseases of the stomach, liver or kidneys.
- Reception of prebiotics - in violation of microflora and prolonged diarrhea, live bacteria are gradually washed out from the intestinal walls. Special prebiotics complexes for dogs and cats will help to correct the situation.
- Often with intestinal disorders, cats suffer from dehydration. The veterinarian will advise giving the animal more fluid, and in some cases will suggest that the cat be stimulated to drink a special electrolyte solution.
If the cat has diarrhea with blood, impurities, a serious general condition, what to do, the doctor decides based on the reasons. Specific treatment in such situations may include taking the following drugs:
- antibacterial and antiparasitic - if the feces revealed the presence of infectious agents or helminthic invasions;
- anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressants - are prescribed for colitis and inflammation of the intestinal walls;
- chemotherapeutic drugs - may be useful in identifying neoplasms or neoplasia in a cat;
- weekly vitamin injections are prescribed when a deficiency of B12 vitamins is detected.
You can not give the cat any human drugs and especially antibiotics without the consent of the veterinarian, because they can only worsen loose stools and impede further treatment. With strict adherence to all prescriptions and recommendations of the attending physician, diarrhea, as a rule, passes quickly and does not have serious consequences for the animal's body.
Home prevention measures
So that later you do not have questions about what to do and how to treat diarrhea in a cat, the correct solution would be to perform simple preventive measures:
- The cat should regularly anthelmintic drugs, specially designed for animals. Veterinarians recommend to undergo a similar procedure at least 2 times a year.
- Dietary changes in the diet should always be carried out gradually and ensure that the animal receives all the necessary supplements and vitamins.
- Cat dishes should be washed thoroughly after each meal, otherwise harmful bacteria can multiply on the walls of the bowl.
- Clean trash bins and containers regularly. Keep them out of the reach of animals.
- Try to protect the cat from harmful chemicals, household cleaners and sick animals.
- On the street, watch that the animal eats, try not to give cats to eat poisonous plants and dead rodents.
An attack of diarrhea in cats is a situation that creates discomfort for the animal and anxiety to the owner. Diarrhea can be caused by various factors, but often the usual preventive measures can prevent the development of chronic diseases, and timely diagnosis and proper treatment - quickly and without consequences, eliminate the cause. Do not ignore the problems of your pet - contact your veterinarian.