Among the ficus there are both trees and tiny forms. In recent years, ampicle forms of ficus are becoming more common, despite the fact that they are more whimsical. They are united by the fact that they belong to the group of decorative leaf plants.
Ficus varied- slowly growing bush. In height reaches 1m. Leaves are leathery, mottled with small brown spots. The seedlings are small, the size of a pea, inedible.
These include dwarf ficus, ficus rooting. The leaves of these forms are small, leathery, of various shapes. Can be with white spots, with a beige border on the edges, pointed, heart-shaped and with wavy edges. The roots of dwarf ficus, for example, cling to any wet surface, they can cover the "stick of moss."
This and ficus benjamina, and beloved by all rubber ficus. In height can reach 2 m. Leaves from green to almost black. There are yellow or cream spots, marble pattern, pink shade, cream edges. The shape of the leaves can be long narrow, triangular, ovate, heart-shaped, and even in the form of a violin.
Ficus has been very popular in recent years. tricolor, and ficus bengali.
Recently, in connection with the entry of Chinese and Japanese cultures into our lives, becoming more common bonsai. Bonsai - miniature trees, translated as "plant on the windowsill." Often used for bonsai and ficuses. Ficus Benjamin is very common in this art.
Care for ficus
- Lighting.Bright - useful for trees. For the rest should choose penumbra.
- Temperature- moderate. In winter not lower than 12 ° С.
- Watering.Ampel forms of ficuses require frequent watering, the rest - moderate. Watered with warm water, very carefully. In winter, watering is reduced.
- Air humidity- average. In the summer it is useful to spray the ficuses more often. For ampelous ficuses, the air humidity should be high, or they should be frequently sprayed.
- Breedsficus stem cuttings. Trees can multiply and air layering.
- Transplanted plant 1 time in 2 years until it can be done (until the plant becomes too large).
Ficus pests and diseases
Many beginning amateur growers complain that ficus leaves fall. There may be several reasons, but more often it is shock and excessive watering. Ficuses do not like to change places, so they need to immediately determine the place so that the plant does not experience shock when rearranged.
With a lack of lighting ficus can slow down its growth. Sunlight is especially important for variegated forms. With a lack of light, they lose their beautiful color and may even get sick.
Low temperature, drafts, excessive feeding may lead to the fall of the foliage.
Ficus may be affected by scutes, spider mites, and mealybugs. All this is due to non-compliance with the rules of care.
At defeat with a shield, the treatment of the plant with the following solution will help: chopped garlic and soap are filled with water in a ratio of 1: 1: 3. Usually it is required to process the ficus several times with an interval of 3-5 days. A day after treatment, the plant must be washed to remove residual solution.
With the remaining parasites helps soap and oil emulsion. You need to bring 5 tablespoons of washing powder in a small amount of water, add 5 tablespoons. spoons of engine oil or diesel. Pour the prepared solution into a bucket with cold water. They need to wash the leaves and stems of the plant.
Do not forget that the leaves of large ficus need to be cleaned and polished. It is not necessary to buy a leaf polisher. You can wipe them with banana peel, they will shine.
A large distribution of ficuses in our apartments lately is due to the fact that it is very much combined with the modern atmosphere of our rooms. Many designers advise to include these plants in the interior to give a special refinement to your cozy apartments. But ficuses are not only beautiful interior items, they are also an air filter in your homes, as well as a green favorite of many housewives.
- How to multiply ficus at home step by step?
- Miltonia: home care
- Ficus sheds leaves
- How to get rid of midges in flowers?