Campanula as a houseplant has been undeservedly forgotten for a long time. Today she is in fashion again, but many flower lovers do not remember all the secrets of caring for her. Although campanula is unpretentious, minor gardener mistakes can lead to the death of a flower. How to properly care for a beautiful woman to fill her house with flowering?
Origin and species
Campanula is a plant of the bell family. Popular names - "Bride and Groom", "Falling Stars". In honor of the future married couple, they began to call Campanula in connection with the coloring of the inflorescences: blue - the groom, white - the bride. And the second name reminds amateur gardener that this plant is ampelous, i.e. You can not tie it. Campanulu was made to give a wedding and put in homes to fill them with vital energy.
Currently, more than 300 species of this plant are known. As a result of the experiments, scientists derived by breeding many new varieties of inflorescences: small and large-leaved, double, with wavy edges or in the form of fringe. Of the hybrids, the most popular is Campanula Terry. Care at home for it differs little from other species, but the decorative effect is much higher.
The plant can have inflorescences of various shades: blue, blue, lilac, white, pink and others. The most famous varieties, which gave the name of the campaign "Bride and Groom", - "Alba" (white) and "Maya" (blue).
Campanula is a herbaceous plant that grows over several years. Its shoots reach a length of 25 cm, gently hang or crawl along the ground. The leaves are rounded, heart-shaped, light green. The diameter of the inflorescence can reach 3-4 cm.
Since Campanula grows in nature on rocky soil, it will need a loose, sparse soil. In extreme cases, a universal mix from a flower shop will do. However, a combination would be more appropriate:
They need to be taken in proportions 6: 3: 1: 1. It is recommended to plant immediately in a large pot, because it is a plant with a strong root system and quickly develops the soil.
In one pot, you can plant 2 varieties: with white and blue buds. But then a partition should be made in the ground, otherwise the white variety will "survive" blue.
There are 2 ways to grow a plant.
- Seeds. They are planted in early spring in a small dish and lightly sprinkled with earth. Watering is recommended from the spray.
- Cuttings. This is a faster and more reliable way. The best time for breeding is the beginning of spring, when the air temperature outside reaches 10 degrees. Cuttings taken from the lower part of the mother plant are dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and left for 7-8 hours. Then escape should be shifted to clean water and wait until it begins to take root. The cuttings are placed in a little ring in the soil and sprinkled with earth, removing the top and buds beforehand. Abundant watering is not required. It is advisable to cover the cutting with a plastic bag or a can, creating a home-made greenhouse. When the plant is accepted, you can gradually accustom him to room temperature, removing the greenhouse for 10 minutes in the morning and evening, and gradually increasing the time.
Although the campaign is unpretentious, landing and care harbor many pitfalls. To get lush inflorescences, follow the simple care tips.
- A place. Campanula terry, like other varieties, perfectly take root on the balconies, verandas in the warm season. Indoors, the plant is best placed in places facing west and east, for example, in the opening between the windows or in the hanging pot.
- Lighting. Campanula does not like direct sunlight: the light must be diffused. However, in dark places, this flower does not survive; the stems lose their decorativeness, becoming long, the gaps between the leaves increase. Campanula has one peculiarity - to reach towards the source of light. It can not be rotated 180 degrees. If there is not enough lighting in the room, make turns gradually.
- Temperature. The flower prefers coolness, so a living room or a bedroom (but not a kitchen!) Will be a great place for it. Place the plant better away from the window: Campanula does not like direct drafts. In the warm season, the optimum temperature will be 22-23 degrees, in winter - 12-15 degrees.
- Watering and moisture. During the period of growth and in dry conditions, the plant should be watered daily with warm water. In winter, spraying is enough.
- Fertilizers. During the landing period it is better not to conduct experiments with them. Further, when the plants take root, any mineral fertilizer or organic will do.
- Hygiene. In the fall and spring, the campanula should be pruned - to remove dried, too thin or fattening stems. This event will provide excellent material for breeding and replanting. It is recommended to renew the soil once a year, as the strong roots of the campanula quickly drain the land. Do not do without the update and the flower itself. For this, it is enough to plant cuttings regularly and remove old ones. Campanula leaves must be sprayed or dust free. Pure foliage - the pledge of lush flowering.
- Wintering. In the fall, the growth of the campanula slows down. At this time, pruning of too long stems is made, the dried inflorescences are removed and the plant is removed in a cool place. It is recommended to lubricate the cut points with a disinfectant or crushed coal. Watering in the winter is very rare, but do not forget about the daily spraying. Heating in houses and apartments creates a dry microclimate, and the soil at the campanula should always remain wet. When spring comes, the plant needs to be cut again and moved to a warm place.
- Disease. Campanula may be affected by spider mites or scutes. In this case, the plant is treated with insect drugs. Another beauty's enemy is gray rot, which occurs due to an excess of moisture and excessive watering.
Compared with some exotic species of indoor plants, Campanula is unpretentious. Planting and maintenance, including the usual procedures for any florist, do not require excessive time and effort. At the same time, the appearance of this flower is able to create competition to many brethren and really pleases the eye.