Calla - a popular flower that has become fashionable to grow at home. Some people treat it negatively, calling it “the flower of death”, others, on the contrary, admire the beauty of this plant.
Home flower Calla elegant and easy to clean. The plant is originally from Africa. In European countries, the flower is grown in greenhouses. Calla leaves resemble wax figures. The flower itself has a variety of colors - from white to deep red.
White flower Calla: home care
In order for the flower to grow normally, you need to care for it, following the rules of care.
- Lighting. White Callas need bright but diffused light. If the plant does not have enough light, it refuses to bloom, and the petioles are drawn out. The flower can be kept under artificial light, but such measures are recommended to be applied only during the growth period in order to prolong the daylight.
- Air humidity. It must be maintained within 80%, especially in rooms with high air temperature. In order to maintain humidity, a tray with wet expanded clay is placed in pots with a flower. Do not forget that 2 times a day you need to spray the leaves.
- Watering. White Callas are demanding for irrigation, because in nature they are accustomed to grow in a swamp. During the growth period, the flower should be watered abundantly. To prevent rotting of the roots and stagnation of moisture in the soil, water the plant after the topsoil has dried and drain the remaining water from the pan.
- Top dressing. For normal growth Calla must be fertilized. In the summer, some gardeners plant a plant in the open ground so that the flower gets the necessary nutrients. If you do not have the opportunity to transplant Calla in open ground, you have to feed the plant with organic and complex mineral fertilizers. Top dressing is recommended to be carried out in turn 1 time in 2 weeks. After the appearance of peduncles (but not the dissolution of flowers), the plant can be fertilized with urea, which acidifies the soil, after the appearance of flowers, feed the Calla with tincture of eggs. Root top dressing is recommended to combine with extra root. When foliar dressing can not be sprayed inflorescences, otherwise they may become stained. The lack of nutrients is judged by the appearance of the Callas: the leaves of the plant immediately lose their luster and rise upwards.
- Temperature. At elevated temperatures, in combination with low humidity, callah can be exposed to pests and stop blooming. During the growing season white Calla are kept at a temperature of 18 - 20 degrees. After flowering, the temperature is gradually reduced to 10 degrees. At this temperature, the flower should grow 2 months.
- Transfer. After a period of rest, the house Callas need to be transplanted to a new soil. Pots for white varieties of flowers should match the size of the root system, but not be too deep. The drainage layer is poured into 5 cm, and the soil itself, in which the plant is transplanted, should have a slightly acidic reaction. For convenience, you can use ready-made soil for aroid. During transplanting, it is not recommended to plant Calla too deeply. The optimum planting depth is equal to the diameter of the rhizome multiplied by 3. After planting, the temperature in the room is increased. With the beginning of active growth, Calla is regularly watered and fertilized according to the rules.
Colored Calla: home care
Caring for color Kallami is somewhat different from caring for "white."-
- Temperature. Flowers develop better at a temperature of 20 - 24 degrees. Faded plants are recommended to be kept at a temperature of 25 - 28 degrees.
- Humidity. Color Calla are not as fastidious as their white relatives. These flowers can be contained at a humidity of 60%. It is recommended to install trays under pots with wet pebbles. Spraying the flower is carried out 3 times a week. Spraying can be replaced by wiping the leaves with a damp sponge.
- Watering. This type of plant does not need abundant watering. Stagnant water in the soil can cause the formation of rot on tubers. Colored Calla should be watered with warm water around the edge of the pot. 2 months after flowering, watering stops completely.
- Top dressing. Fertilizers are introduced to this type of plant on the same principle as for the "white" Callas.
- Transfer. The "colored" Calla are transplanted into a sufficiently deep pot. For planting one tuber ideal 3-liter pot. After winter, the tubers of the plants are spread for germination. For this you need to find a warm and well-lit place. Spray the tubers 2 times a week. After 3 weeks, the tubers are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes. When planting, the tuber is planted on a thin layer of sand by 2 cm. As the soil grows, the soil mixture is gradually filled. Potted tubers are placed in a well-lit place and the first 2 weeks are not watered.
Kalla is a very beautiful flower that can be grown at home. But be careful, this plant is very poisonous and, if swallowed, can cause intoxication, vomiting, swelling of the mouth and throat in humans. Therefore, if you have small children in your home, it is better not to grow calla, to avoid accidents. If you still decide to grow these beautiful flowers at home, put them away from children and pets.