Calcivirosis is considered one of the most common infectious feline diseases. The virus of the disease affects the upper respiratory tract of the pet, ulcers and sores appear on the mucous membranes. If time does not take measures for the treatment of calcivirosis, it can smoothly flow into arthritis or pneumonia, and in very advanced cases, the pet may die. But do not despair, it is possible to cure the calcivirosis in cats without any problems.
Calcivirosis in cats: symptoms diseases
The causative agent of the disease is a tiny virus that consists of ribonucleic acid, wrapped in a cell with a protein membrane. In this cell, it gradually multiplies and affects the mucous membranes of the animal. Sometimes cats can be carriers of calcivirosis, but they themselves do not get sick. Most often, the disease affects kittens up to a year old, which become infected from the mother. The duration of the incubation period is 3 to 5 days. Transfer of calcivirosis occurs through airborne droplets, as well as by contact. To protect a pet from the disease, it is necessary to vaccinate every year. By the way, domestic cats who are not in contact with other cats, almost do not get sick with this disease.
To contact a veterinarian in time, the pet owner needs to know the main symptoms of calcivirosis in cats. The owners may notice that the pet refuses to eat, often sneezes, sad, all the time is in apathy, he has nasal discharge, as well as conjunctivitis. In some cases, the cat temperature rises (up to 45 degrees), there is abundant salivation, she begins to cough and limp. The animal is hard and often breathes. When viewed in the mouth and nose, ulcers, redness and swelling can be detected, and there is a foul smell from the mouth.
This disease in cats is distinguished by the severity of symptoms, depending on the age of the animal and the type of virus. At the first signs of the disease, it is recommended to immediately undergo an on-site inspection and take the necessary tests from a veterinarian. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
In the case when the calcivirosis virus reaches the brain, the cat begins to have convulsions, it starts to "shake" in all directions, since coordination is disturbed. The cat begins to behave in an uncharacteristic manner, rush at people, becomes aggressive.
Many owners are wondering - is calcirosis dangerous for humans? This disease is exclusively feline, so it is not transmitted to any other animals or to humans. Therefore, it is not necessary to fence adults and children from a sick cat, which is hard, it requires the care and love of the owners.
Pet treatment at home
Calcivirosis is difficult to treat. After the first improvement and disappearance of symptoms, the cats no longer calmly take therapy, do not drink pills, escape from injections and from under droppers. Some owners completely stop treating pets, thinking that the disease is defeated.
Treatment of the disease is carried out according to a special scheme prescribed by a veterinarian. Cat give vitamins and immunostimulants. Be sure to prescribe special antibiotics to prevent the appearance of a secondary infection. From edema with calcivirosis also prescribed special drugs. Cats need to treat the oral cavity and eyes for mucus, using special tools. In case of an elevated temperature, the pet is prescribed medications aimed at its stabilization.
If the animal is not able to eat, the veterinarian prescribes a dropper for food. In the primary treatment, hyperimmune sera and globulins are used. For the treatment of ulcers and sores, the veterinarian prescribes a special oil, cream or ointment.
During the care of a sick pet, it is necessary to air the room as often as possible, but to prevent the appearance of drafts. Be sure to carefully monitor the cat's hygiene.
In most cases, after recovery, the cat can spread the calcivirosis virus within a month. Some pets can even become a carrier of the virus, thus being a potential source of infection for other cats. It is not necessary to think that if an animal gets over Calicirosis, it will no longer become infected with this disease - re-infection of a previously sick cat is possible.
To prevent the disease of cats with calicirosis is possible. The main prevention consists of vaccination, stimulation of immunity, a balanced diet, protection from unwanted contacts and the creation of comfortable conditions of detention. Be sure to disinfect the dishes, from which the sick cat ate, to avoid reinfection. With proper care for your pet and timely vaccinations, your cat will not get Calicirosis.
Calicirosis in cats is a serious infectious disease that needs to be treated promptly. The disease is dangerous only for the feline and affects the upper respiratory tract. To successfully cure a cat and prevent complications, it is necessary to know the main symptoms of the disease, the ways of infection and the causes. In no case do not self-medicate, as calicirosis has symptoms similar to other diseases.