Buzulnik or otherwise ligulyaria is an extremely popular plant because of large bushes, which sometimes reach the height of human growth. Leaves him large-scale, and flowering - lush. The name of the plant received from the Latin word "lagularis", which translated into Russian means "tongue". And the truth is - the petals of its unusual flowers are really similar to the tongues of flame.
The buzulnik is unpretentious in growing a plant, but at the same time it is hardy and strong. It can grow for the first and the same place for a dozen years, and it also tolerates frosts and does not need shelter. It will grow well and develop in almost any soil, even on dense clay. In the garden it grows best in the penumbra, and with abundant and regular watering, it will tolerate direct sunlight. The roots do not go deep into the soil and develop well in its upper layers.
It is best to plant a buzulnik in spring, while the leaves on the saplings are not yet developed properly, and because of this they evaporate little moisture, therefore, the plant spends all its strength only to strengthen its roots and heal wounds, if they appear. In addition, the mother bush, from which the saplings were taken, is renewed in this way and begins to bloom even better and more magnificently. Another plus of this method is that in the spring the saplings take root with almost 100 percent probability and begin to bloom as early as the first year.
It is preferable to start transplanting ligulyaria at a time when the first young leaves begin to appear from the ground. To obtain seedlings, it is not necessary to dig the whole bush completely; it will be enough to cut off the required number with a shovel and dig it out of the ground. The well, which is formed in the process of this procedure, will need to be covered with earth and shed with water so that the plant itself is soon restored. The separated part should be washed and divided so that each new seedling has a bud ready for growth.
Sections need to be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or ash, so that the rooting process takes place better. Prepared seedlings need to be shallowly planted in the ground, and in advance prepared, that is, fertilized and loosened.
The main requirement for the care of buzulnik, it is - abundant watering. Especially it should be observed with those plants that grow in sunny places. If the air is very dry, then you may need in addition to watering and spraying the leaves. Sometimes this flower also needs a garter - during flowering, and if it grows in a windy open area.
Do not forget about fertilizer. First, this should be done directly when planting the plant, and then at least 1 time per season during active growth of the bush, around May or August. Under each bush should be added half a bucket of humus.
Buzulnik: plant photo
Varieties of a bushulnik: list of the most famous
Buzulnik belongs to the family of aster perennials and has about 150 different species. Nearly 40 of them grow on the territory of the former USSR. A description of all of them will fit into a decent book, so it would be more appropriate to list those varieties of ligulyaria that are more common with others when grown in gardens and vegetable gardens.
- Buzulnik is gear. Its flowers are decorated with light brown and orange hues, which are collected in baskets with a diameter of about 8 cm, and they, in turn, are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Stems can reach a height of 100-180 cm. The flowering period occurs in spring-summer. His most famous varieties are quite original names - Desdemona and Othello.
- Buzulnik Przhevalsky. It grows to a height of 150 cm. The flowers are small, collected in oblong inflorescences. The most famous variety - Rocket, has flowers of rich yellow color.
- Buzulnik Vorobyev. Grows in the form of massive bushes with rounded, thick, leathery leaves. Large yellow flowers are collected in clusters in the form of brushes.
- Wilson Buzulnik. Its stems are branched, reach 1.5 m. There are many flowers, growing in the form of erect inflorescences.
- Buzulnik Vicha. The leaves have a basal, heart-shaped. Flowers have a yellow tint and form spike inflorescences.
- BuzulnikKampfera. He has a lot of foliage, they are jagged, and their stalks are fluffy. The flowers have a light yellow shade and reach a diameter of 5 cm. They are collected in the form of shields.
Buzulnik gear Othello: features
The plant is a large, decorative. Its leaves are large, lobed-shaped, and the flowers bloom in bouquets and resemble yellow daisies. In another way, this plant is called buzulnikomzubchatym. He is one of the first began to win the hearts of gardeners thanks to the leaves of unusual shape and large size.
At the very beginning of growth, its leaves have a dark purple hue, and later, as they increase in size, their outer side begins to turn green with a purple tint, and from below - to purple. Moreover, if you look at the leaf through the light, its veins resemble the circulatory system.
This plant responds well to fertilizing and watering. It would seem that completely faded in the sun immediately straightened, receiving a copious amount of moisture. He also needs spring dressing. For these purposes, ammonium nitrate can be sprinkled, and this is done directly on the snow. And in May, when the warm weather settles in June, it is necessary to water the soil with a 10% infusion of bird droppings or mullein. Mineral fertilizers should be applied separately. Also, when planting a plant, it is necessary to use top dressing: it is necessary to pour ashes and humus into the prepared well.
It is recommended to plant this bush in the spring. To do this, divide the rhizome, and the sprout is better to take with 3-4 leaves. At the same time, there is no need for the whole plant. The seedling should be planted in a well prepared in advance and well shed. Small bushes can appear next to an adult plant - those that have sprouted from the seeds, and under the cover of large foliage, they themselves feel great. They can also be transplanted to other places of growth.
T. h. This plant is propagated by seeds. If you want to plant it with the last method, then it is better to plant the seeds before winter. Although it can be done in February-March on the windowsill. The seedling will feel great without additional lighting and is suitable for planting in open ground at a permanent place of growth.
Since this plant loves moisture, it grows well on the banks of reservoirs. But the place you need to choose is not too open, but slightly shaded. In winter, the buzulnik does not require special conditions of detention.
Buzulnik toothed Desdemona: description of the variety
Excellent pair for the previous varieties of plants. In height it can reach 90 cm, and in width - 150. The leaves are green and large, have a bronze tint with pronounced purple veins on the wrong side and slightly outside. The flowers are bright orange in color, gathered in umbrella inflorescences.
It can grow in the shade, but in addition to the lack of sunlight and moisture, it loves it. The sun can well grow and develop, if it will receive regular and abundant watering. The soil for planting should be moist as well as enriched with nutrients. They can grow on heavy, not drained soils, they can even tolerate temporary flooding. Very nice and harmonious look in a group planting and at reservoirs.
Buzulnik Przhevalsky: photo
Due to the simplicity of care and ease of breeding, the buzulnik is becoming especially popular in our time. He is able to decorate any flower bed and garden. Several varieties have taken root on the territory of the middle lane, so you can choose the type of flower to your liking.