The main messengers of warming are the numerous members of the onion family, blooming on urban flower beds and summer cottages. Snowdrops, crocuses, tulips - all of them are not only pleasing to the eye. Bulbs remind that summer is coming soon, and the riot of colors is already ready to break into gray everyday life. It is very important to choose the right kind of flowers and a suitable place for a flower bed for your summer cottage.
Types of bulbous flowers
Before you bother with the question of the technology of planting bulbous, you should understand the difference between specific specimens from other plants. There are 3 main categories of these flowers, taking root in the middle lane.
- The first one includes tulips most often found in public flowerbeds and private summer cottages, lilies, daffodils and hyacinths.
- The next category is small-bulb plants. They are particularly unpretentious in terms of soil requirements, as well as excellent endurance, which allows them to winter well. At the same time - these are exactly the flowers that "wake up" among the first. The only thing that should be avoided with them is excess moisture.
- The group of small-grains includes crocuses, white flowers, snowdrops, freesia, sprouts, muscari, kamassia, hazel grouses, Pushkinia, Dunford's iris, as well as some types of decorative bows and crops.
- The latter category is bulbar. It is all one representative - gladiolus. It is distinguished by late flowering in August. And in some regions, this period is shifted to the first of September. That is why often on the main school holiday children are gladioli.
For the most part, all the above-mentioned bulb flowers for a garden do not impose special requirements on the soil. They grow without taking root only on sandy areas. Bulbs do not need constant transplantation and can calmly hibernate. Factors affecting the choice of an instance, most often relate only to the time of their flowering and the characteristics of the distribution on the site. But the main thing that should be done for them is to select a sufficiently illuminated place that is not susceptible to overwetting, occasionally shading.
Bulb flowers: features of choice and preparation for planting
The scheme of planting bulbous spring practically does not differ for all categories of these plants. It should consider the specific requirements for most of the most popular flowers, their key features and the subtleties of growing, allowing to achieve maximum flowering. Despite the overall unpretentiousness, even in this family there are sissies who will have to tinker with.
The bulk of the onion flowers for the garden is acquired at the very beginning of autumn, and only some lilies are purchased in the spring. This is done in order to have time to affect the root system, which can develop only at temperatures above 0. Optimal 5-7 ° C. For this, containers with bulbs are cleaned in the cellar and left there for 1.5 months. This period is enough for germination.
Most of the bulbous lives before landing in sawdust, poured into a plastic bag with many small holes. They can also be placed in peat. But such storage is unacceptable for snowdrops, Pushkinia, priliski and belotsvetnik - those bulbs that have on their membranous scales. The best way to prevent early germination is to avoid raising humidity and over-wetting the soil where future flowers will be stored.
As for the choice of plants, the main indicator here is the condition of the bulb. It should not have any deformations, including local shrinkage, dents. The smooth surface, the absence of germinated roots and damage, considerable weight are factors indicating a plantable bulb that will take root on the site. Tulips are characterized by falling away of the upper scales, so this nuance should not be considered a sign of poor quality.
On sale sometimes there are bulbs ready for planting with a prokliknuvshimsya stem and small roots. They should be purchased in the spring and landed immediately. Moreover, it will be necessary to pay attention to the bottom of the bulb. If slight deformations on all other parts may not be dangerous, then cuts or rot in this area will not allow the flower to grow. Therefore, from such instances should immediately refuse.
Planting bulb spring and care for them
An important point for any bulbous plant is soil. There are no serious requirements for it, but it is necessary to avoid sandy areas. It is impossible to allocate for planting areas that are distinguished by the abundance of peat and clay. Optimal loamy zones with loose earth. In addition, they are most fertile.
The landing zone is usually determined by the effect you want to achieve. In particular, there are 2 options:
- Filling the flower beds to create a plain or colorful carpet.
- Thin rows along walls, trees and bushes, between perennials. This is especially true of unilaterally rotated colors.
Experienced gardeners recommend before planting to carry out prevention of a number of diseases characteristic of this family of plants. For this, the bulbs are treated with a base solution. It can be replaced by any drug focused on the elimination of the fungus. The simplest means available to everyone is potassium permanganate. The dosage here is standard: 10 l. water 5 gr. powder. The solution is made so that the water only acquired a light shade.
In the matter of fertilizers, everything is much simpler than it seems. Most bulbous enough liquid feeding in late spring immediately after disembarkation. It is better if chemical fertilizers are complex. Volume - about 15 grams. on apt. This will be more than enough, because with an excess of feed, the concentration of salts in the ground increases, which leads to rotting of the roots of the plant.
Dutch bulbous irises
These specimens of the onion family belong to the category of the earliest. They bloom in April. The best time to work with them is the beginning of autumn. However, if you want to start planting in March, you need to develop the root system and germinate the stem before this period. Although the technology of planting is not very different from the above, there are several nuances inherent only in the Dutch onion rice.
- In the loosened and sprinkled with sand soil with the addition of compost laid out the roots. The depth of their disembarkation should not exceed 3-4 cm. The preferred distance between the bulbs is 30 cm. Since this variety requires maximum isolation from the ground, they can be surrounded by small stones.
- The care system is the same as for all perennials. But especially worth staying on watering. Before flowering, it must be of high quality. After him, in the summer, the bulbs should be left alone, without overwetting the ground.
Bulbous begonia differs from others in its "relatives" by the formation of stem tubers, the choice of which should be guided by the diameter. Those that are more than 4 cm, take root better than small ones. Strengthening their root system is recommended to begin in March, laying the tubers in peat soil. Dredging should be directed upwards.
They need an ambient temperature in the range of 16-18 ° C, sunlight is required. Landing in the ground begins when a fairly high bush appears, whose height will be from 7 to 10 cm. In Belgium, it is customary to plant bulbous begonias in May. In Russia, this period depends on the moment when the warmest weather comes.
In terms of soil, black soil is necessary, always loosened. Unlike irises, begonias are allowed to plant tightly. Per 1 sq.m. can live up to 30 bulbs. At the same time, it is imperative that the area where they are located is well ventilated and protected from extreme heat.
The basic principles of choosing and planting bulb flowers for a garden are not that complicated. When forming flowerbeds and patterns on the summer cottages, it is enough to rely on your own sense of taste. Any bulbous flowers are the first heralds of the coming heat, and in whatever quantity they grow on your site, positive energy and a smile at their sight are guaranteed.