Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) is a genus of evergreen plants of the Niktaginovy family (Nochweet). Most common in South America. The name is obliged to the French captain Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who brought the plant from her homeland to the shores of his country.
The appearance of Bougainvillea will not leave you indifferent
Bougainvillea in the home is a winding flowering creeper with a branching stem, with amazing bright bracts, flowering magnificently in spring and summer, especially in fresh air.
Bougainvillea leaves are smooth, narrow, woody and prickly stems.
The flowers are small, yellow-white, surrounded by three bracts.
Very often these bright colorful bracts are mistakenly called flowers. Bracts have a varied color, sometimes they are two-colored, sometimes they change color during flowering, there are various forms with different edges.
In bougainvillea flexible long young shoots, which makes it easy to form in any kind: sphere, bush, tree, pyramid, etc.
Sunny any time of year. Summer favorably in open space, in a warm, windless place. In the winter dormancy at a cool location (temperature no higher than 12 ° C), bougainvillea can be in a semi-dark place.
Bougainvillea: home care
The plant is thermophilic, it is desirable to maintain 22C. In winter, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 10-12C. A cool rest period will favorably affect subsequent blooming.
In the summer, abundant watering with warm water in the morning as necessary to dry the top layer of the soil, but at the same time water is drained from the pan. In winter, watering is limited and depends on the surrounding temperature.
Pruning of the shoots is carried out in early spring with the beginning of growth or in the autumn at the end of the flowering period. During the summer, young branches are pruned immediately after flowering, leaving 4-6 buds. This gives rise to new short side shoots that bloom in the same season. At the same time they have a more magnificent color than on the shoots of bougainvillea without pruning. Stems that are more than 3-4 years old cannot be cut.
From April to September, bougainvillea is fed once a week with mineral complex fertilizer. Adult indoor plants kept in cramped pots require additional feeding twice a week during the flowering period. In winter, the plants do not feed.
Bougainvillea is propagated in spring and summer with young cuttings that root in the course of a month. It is also possible reproduction by layering, despite some complexity, this method gives a very high percentage of rooting.
Apply nutrient fertile soil with the addition of a small amount of coarse sand. Transplant plants in spring: young once in one or two years, adults - every three to five years. When transplanting, it is advisable not to damage the old clod of earth and generally injure the roots as little as possible. A new pot should not be too large and at the same time have a sufficient number of drainage holes.
In too free a pot, bougainvilleas do not bloom profusely, due to the growth of leaf mass and shoots. Therefore, indoor species are transplanted exclusively in extreme need - only when a close pot starts to slow down the growth of the plant as a whole. Transplantation can be postponed for a year, with the addition of fertilizers in the summer.
Pests and diseases
In room conditions, it is most often affected by spider mites, scutes, and in open space, young shoots are sometimes affected by aphids.