Bokarney (Beaucarnea) - belongs to the family of Agave. Its homeland is Mexico. This is a houseplant of an unusual type (thickened base), which has the popular name “elephant foot”, and the literary name is “Nolina bent”.
Bokarneya is one of the relatively unpretentious and light for growing plants. The only condition is a mandatory winter period of rest with dry and cool content.
The bokarneya is bent - it has a thick trunk that expands and thickens even more towards the base.
The stem of a young plant is small, spherical, which lengthens over time and begins to resemble a paunchy bottle. At the top of the stem, thin, airy, green leaves gather in rosettes resembling small palm trees.
Bokarneyrastet slowly, but over several years (under good conditions) becomes a two-meter beauty.
Most often found in Mexico and the southern states of the United States. Successfully grown in greenhouses and botanical parks of the Black Sea coast of Crimea and the Caucasus.
For full growth, sufficient solar lighting is necessary.
It feels very comfortable in cool conditions: in summer it is about 20 ° C, in winter - a state of rest with a temperature of 8 ° to 12 ° C.-
It prefers regular watering in spring and summer; in winter, watering is limited at cool content, but the degree and frequency of watering depends on the room temperature.
It should be remembered that the bocarnay does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil, because it has the ability to accumulate water in the stem itself, and since excess water is not absorbed, this can lead to plant rot. At the same time, the moisture should be sufficient for the growth of the plant, the soil is recommended to be slightly damp before the next watering, otherwise it will cause the tips of the leaves to dry out, the stem will become wrinkled.
Bokarnenespraying, about once a week. If the room is too hot, the leaves will begin to fall and dry.
In the spring and summer period, the bocarnay is fed every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer, as with insufficient nutrition the plant slows down or completely stops growing.
Bokarneyya is multiplied when transplanted by processes, but they take root quite difficult.
Young plants are transplanted annually, and adults after 2 years. Carefully handle the roots during transplants, as they are quite fragile. Good drainage is required, after transplantation the plant is not watered for a couple of days. The soil is used from equal parts of clay, leaf soil and sand.
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