Some plants can not only be a decoration of the garden, lawn or rabatki, but also benefit health, possessing medicinal properties. This type of plant is Badan thick-leaved. For example, tea made from it strengthens the immune system. What are the features of planting, growing and caring for bergenia?
Badan is also known as "bergenia", "sausage colonstone" and "Mongolian tea". The plant is distributed on the rocky slopes of the mountains and rocks of Siberia (Altai), Mongolia, Kazakhstan, China, Korea.
Bergenia leaves is characterized by a powerful thick rhizome growing horizontally, dense shiny and large leaves of dark green color and a lot of fragrant flowers collected in inflorescences. In height reaches half a meter. The shape of the flowers resemble bells, and in color vary from white to dark crimson, purple and purple. Badan is a perennial and evergreen plant. Its leaves have an interesting feature: by the autumn they acquire a bright red color.
Bergenia is often planted in gardens, mixborders, on the banks of ponds and even in city parks. But this plant looks the most advantageous against the background of stones, in the partial shade of trees and along streams. He creates wonderful compositions with the following plants:
Due to the fact that the bergenia grows, spreading over the ground, it completely displaces weeds and also creates a beautiful evergreen cover.
Badan: landing and care
BADAN thick-leaved feels best in moist soil, but it must be well drained: although the plant grows well on the banks of reservoirs, it does not tolerate stagnant water, which contributes to the decay of the roots. The most suitable for bergenia soil is light, moist and loose. Well he will feel in the substrate, consisting of 1/3 of the sod land and 2/3 of the mixture of sand and small stones. When planting bergenia, clay soils should be avoided.
Since bergenia is a rather unpretentious plant, it can be planted both in shady places and in the sun, but it is most preferable for it to have a penumbra, diffused light.
Badan can be propagated in the following ways:
- division of rhizomes. The bush is divided into several sockets so that each outlet has an apical root part of 10–15 cm in length. Each root piece must have at least 3 buds and about 3 leaves from the socket (old leaves are removed, only a few of the strongest and youngest need to be left ). The root is immersed in the ground by 2-5 cm. Immediately after planting and during the first 2 weeks the plant needs to be watered abundantly. Bergenia in this way is produced in the period immediately after flowering or in autumn. It is necessary to divide the bush every 3-5 years.
- seminal way. This method is longer and is used less frequently. Bergenia seeds are planted directly into the ground (preferably in the fall), it is desirable to cover them with spruce leaves or dry foliage for the winter - in subsequent years it will not be necessary to do this, as Bergenia is a frost-resistant plant.
You can sow the seeds in a container, to a depth of 0.5-1 cm. In order for them to ascend, they need to create certain conditions: a temperature of 18-20 regular watering, a shady place. Sowing is done in March so that by June the seedlings are ready for transplanting into the ground. In the first winter, the plants must also be protected from frost. Bergenia grown from seed, develops very long, flowering will come only after 3-4 years.
When planting bergenia, the distance between plants should be from 30 cm to half a meter, since they grow in breadth, and they need space.
Badan does not tolerate frequent transplants, it weakens it and provokes diseases. At one place it can grow 10-12 years.
Badan does not require complex care:
- Top dressing is made in the spring, after flowering. The composition of the mineral complex is selected based on the quality of the soil.
- In spring, you can clear the plant from old leaves. But do not forget that the fallen leaves provide good protection against freezing and drought. Bergenia root is located very close to the surface, and, therefore, is sensitive to temperature changes. In addition, the dry leaves, wintered under the snow, are the most useful, it is one of them turns healing tea.
- After a flowering period, dry inflorescences must be removed.
- Although bergenia is quite resistant to drought, it still needs moderate watering during the dry season (1 time per week).
- Due to its chemical composition, Badan practically does not attract pests. As for diseases, excessive watering can cause spots on the leaves. This is due to the appearance of fungi in too humid environments. In this case, it is necessary to cut off the affected leaves and arrange spraying with copper preparations.
Healing properties of bergenia
All parts of the plant are useful and are used to treat various ailments. From the blackened lower leaves of the plant, which are collected in the spring, tea is brewed. This drink enhances immunity, helps to recover from severe fatigue, cope with infection, respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases, and has a antipyretic effect.
Due to its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, Badana root tincture copes well with inflammatory oral cavity problems. In addition, it normalizes blood pressure, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has an astringent effect.
Badan root extract helps in removing kidney stones, copes well with diseases of the genitourinary system and works as a hepatoprotector.
In the field of cosmetology Badan is used as a means to combat seborrhea, acne, dilated pores, sweating.
Growing badan does not give you a lot of trouble. Having planted this wonderful plant in the garden, you not only can enjoy its view most of the year, but also provide yourself and your family with a healing natural remedy for a number of diseases. In addition, this plant is great for drawing up bouquets that will delight you with beauty and aroma throughout the spring.