Bauhinia - orchid tree - Women's magazine

Bauhinia - orchid tree

Bauhinia (Bauhinia) belongs to the legume family (Fabaceae), got its name from the Swiss botanists (brothers Bauhin). Beautiful flowers caused the popular name "Orchid Trees".

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Bauhinia plant can be used in indoor floriculture (certain types).

Appearance

Plant varieties include both deciduous trees and shrubs (there are even climbing specimens). The leaves are bilobate, dark green in color, are falsely simple. The flowers are collected in simple brushes, usually white or red.

Location

Bauhinia prefers direct sunlight, although it may well grow in diffused light and in partial shade. But with a lack of light, the plant acquires a sprawling or weeping form, flowering occurs in smaller quantities.

It is recommended to maintain the temperature from +20 to +25 degrees Celsius, but it is able to withstand sudden temperature changes.

To maintain optimal air humidity (60-70%), it is advisable to regularly spray Bauchini with water.

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Care

In summer, the plant requires a lot of water (especially in the case of southern exposure). It is better to produce more sparse watering, but abundant. It is necessary to ensure that the surface of the soil dries out slightly between waterings.

In winter, limit watering, providing an opportunity to dive Bauhinia in a period of rest.

Trimming is carried out annually in spring.

Top dressing

At the beginning of spring, nitrogen fertilizers are added (to form shoots and leaf mass). In the period from May to July, it is recommended to add potash-phosphate fertilizers with the addition of trace elements. In August, stop any feeding.

Large plants need to add expanded clay to the soil, creating drainage and increasing water and air exchange.

Breeding

Bauhinia, for the most part, reproduces generatively (by seeds). To do this, the seeds are scarified, soaked for several hours (the water must be warm), and then they are planted in loose soil. Seedlings with proper care after a year can reach a meter height.

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Reproduction is also possible vegetatively (cuttings and layering of air), but due to the complexity of the process is usually not used at home.

Transfer

Transplantation is done annually in spring (in a larger pot). If it is not possible to transplant, the root ball is cut for cutting, and the vacant space is filled with earth (or soil).

Diseases and pests

The most frequently harmed is the scythe. In rare cases (in spring, when there is little other food), spider mite and whitefly annoy.

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