Batik is a very exciting experience. Everyone can draw in this technique and get excellent results. It is not necessary to be a professional artist to create. Now you can put your ideas into practice in such an unusual way. No matter how much time drawing painting takes from you, you will not even notice it.
Tools and materials for batik
In order to create in this technique, you must correctly select materials. First of all, attention should be focused on the choice of fabric. Only natural materials are suitable for batik. For example, cotton, silk or linen. The structure of the material should be homogeneous. You can verify this by doing a little test. Take a small piece of cloth and bring a match to it. See how the fabric will burn. Synthetic fabric burns very quickly and forms a hard residue. Natural fabrics burn slowly, with a characteristic smell, and ash remains after combustion.
Novice artists are recommended to use thin cotton fabric instead of expensive silk. Although silk is perfect for batik. Cotton fabric is recommended to wash in warm water with soap and a good iron.
Paint for batik need to buy a special, but for the first experiments it is better to choose an inexpensive one. For batik making, you will also need a reserving compound. Reserve you can buy and transparent, and you can give the color with acrylic paint. To apply this compound you need a special glass tube. You need to purchase such a medium size.
Also for the tension of the fabric it is necessary to use wooden frames or hoops. The frame should be chosen from soft woods (for example, from pine). On such a frame, it will be easier to fasten the fabric with buttons or needles. You can use both natural and synthetic brushes for applying paint. The main requirement is that the brushes are soft. However, instead of brushes you can use cotton buds. You also need a palette for mixing paints. Instead, you can use jars. In addition, you need a container with water to wash the brushes and a dry cloth or napkins to dry them. Still need a template of the future pattern. Do not choose too complex patterns. Starting is always better with simple.
Performance of drawing in the batik technique
Now that you have everything you need, you can get to work.
- First you need to transfer the pattern from the template to the fabric. To do this, the material must be attached to the template with pins to make it easier to translate the picture.
- We transfer the contours of the drawing to the fabric with the help of a pencil. Then we stretch the fabric on the frame or insert it into the hoop. Note that the material should be pulled like a drum. Only then will you get the good quality of your work. Then the fabric must be applied reserving substance. Before applying it is better to practice on an unnecessary piece of cloth.
- The reserve is applied using a special tube, slightly touching the fabric with it. The reserve must be applied carefully and the line of its application must be necessarily closed, otherwise the paint will spread. The line should be guided smoothly along the contour so that the composition is well impregnated with the fabric.
- After you apply the reservant wherever required, the fabric should be dried until completely dry. It will take about forty to fifty minutes. After drying, you can check the accuracy of applying a reserve. To do this, dissolve a couple of drops of shampoo or liquid soap in a little water.
- Then brush this water on a closed contour, which you have outlined the composition. If the water goes outside the contour, the reserve is applied carelessly. Mark the places of water leakage with a pencil, and after re-drying stick, put another reserve there, but from the wrong side. Dry again.
- If you are convinced of a reliable application of a reserve, you can proceed to staining. Paint can be both diluted and applied undiluted.
- For application, you can use a brush or cotton swabs. Apply first light and then dark colors. The dye on the fabric spreads easily enough, so the work does not take as much time as it seems at first glance. If you paint a large surface with one color, then after applying the paint it is recommended to wipe it with a piece of cotton wool. After you have applied the entire pattern, leave it to dry in a well-ventilated area.
- After drying, you should decide exactly how you plan to use the batik further. You can put it in a frame and hang it on the wall as a picture. In addition, you can use this fabric in the kitchen or wear it. In this case, the pattern on the fabric should be fixed, and the fabric subjected to steam treatment.
Steam batik treatment
Fabric with a pattern must be wrapped in paper. As a wrapping material can not use the newspaper. The fabric must be wrapped so that its painted parts do not touch each other. You can wrap arbitrarily, as long as the result is paper outside.
Steam treatment can be done using a pan or bucket, at the bottom of which should be water (the thickness of the water layer should be about five centimeters). Between the two handles of the pan you need to stretch a synthetic rope. To her need to hang tied bundle with twine with batik. The lid is covered with a double-folded towel. The pot must be heated. If your work is small and you have curtailed it three to four times, then half an hour is enough for heating. If you have a large picture (for example, you made out a handkerchief), then it will take longer to steam it. After the steam treatment, iron the work.
Batik is not such a complicated art as it seems. But with its help you can translate your ideas in an original and beautiful way.