The hot summer sun is beloved by many, but sometimes it can be harmful: the hair will fade under its rays, and an uncovered head can get sunstroke. Therefore, in summer, hats are no less relevant than in winter. The most versatile is the bandana, which is easy to sew on your own.
How to sew a bandana: recommendations
To create a bandanna with your own hands, you need to determine exactly what it will be. Even this headdress has several versions. The simplest is a small square scarf tied on the head and having a knot below the back of the head.
For such bandanna patterns with complex patterns is not required - just select an attractive piece of fabric, make a square with the desired size, process the edges, and the headdress is ready. 63 * 63 and 70 * 70 cm are considered to be classical parameters for square-shaped bandanas.
As for the choice of material, there are no clear recommendations. Today bandanas are not only a sign of belonging to certain subcultures (bikers), but also an accessory that is on the list of fashion trends. Therefore, they can be made from virtually any material up to the fur. For the summer it is worth picking up natural silk: it does not overheat the head and does not slide off the hair. Good in this issue and cotton. And for cool weather, you can turn to knitwear, jersey or even leather and wool. Knitted bandanas that look interesting during the off-season are also in demand.
In addition to the classic square pattern, a bandana can be created from individual pieces of fabric: for example, a rectangle with a ribbon, caps with tie ends at the back, or a wide rim with a ribbon. Those. The main feature of bandanas is not the form, but the ability to tie, because the name of the headdress came from the Spanish verb, meaning "to tie". Moreover, the initial version of the bandana was tied at the back of 2 fingers above the eyebrow line, setting the free edge of the product under the knot. And today he moved to the lower hairline at the neck, which is much more convenient. Tied in the style of pin-up bandana is a 100% fashion accessory that does not have protective functions. However, from this he does not lose his charm, and it’s worth having such a wardrobe in every woman.
Knitted bandana with his own hands
Crochet bandana is an interesting headdress for a woman during the cold season. You can make it from any dense yarn, preferably with a wool content. Approximately it consumes 100 g, but depends on the estimated size. Hook for work professionals recommend to take the number 3.
To find out the dimensions by which the orientation will be carried out, the head circumference is measured. The radius of the circle shown in the diagram will be 0.25 of this value. It is necessary to start the mating with 6-8 loops, for each new row, removing 2 loops from 1. When the circumference in diameter is 10-12 cm, the rows with additions and without begin to alternate. After 12 cm in length from the center of the bandana cap, it is necessary to follow the pattern of rotary mating, spreading the halves of the headdress between which a cut will appear. On each side it is created in a chain with a length of 20 cm and a width of 4-5 cm - they will become the ends for further tying. The hem is tied up with "stride step".
The summer crochet bandana may look more airy, the threads on it are no longer so thick. And here you can resort to a different pattern, making a headdress of 2 semicircles, a transverse long ribbon and a middle band. Here we also need the value of the head circumference, but now we need to calculate the radii of the semicircles and the size of the middle band. The latter is determined by eye, based on personal wishes. The optimal size for it will be 12-14 cm. Then the radius of the semicircles will be equal to the circumference of the head, from which the width of the middle band is subtracted, and the resulting value is divided by 4.
The semicircles are also viscous with 6-8 loops, the pattern is chosen arbitrarily: you can go with the simplest scheme, adding on each row around the loop. And you can knit from 1 loop 2 or 3 at a time, in the next step, on the contrary, connecting 2 loops in 1, so that you can get a lace knit. However, it is important to remember that the shape of the pattern is a semicircle, so the expansion must somehow be present.
The middle band in the form of a long rectangle is recommended to perform with the same pattern as the semicircle. Elements are connected using simple single crochets. After that, the trim starts at the bottom, often occurring with a "rubber band" or other method of tight knitting, with the creation of long chains (15-20 cm), which are located behind.
Bandana for a boy: pattern and step by step instructions
For a small child, a bandana for the summer is a more comfortable headdress than Panama. It can be performed as a hook, according to the previously discussed scheme, and from textiles. At the boy or at the girl to orient him - it does not matter: the bandana pattern remains unchanged. It is important to choose a thin fabric that is not less than 50 by 40 cm in width and length, a soft linen elastic 3–4 cm wide and 17–20 cm long. And you will also need sewing tools: needles, crayons, threads, scissors and pins .
This bandannas of components will be 3. It is formed from a wide rectangle, which is the main part, and a narrow ribbon, represented by a previously prepared rubber band, which becomes an element fixing the bandanna on the child’s head. It is only enough to wrap an elastic band with a cloth, the same 3rd part, so that it blends with its appearance into the overall color of the product. The edges of the gum are fixed with a simple small line. With the main part work a little more.
Cutting a rectangle, it is important not to forget about the seam allowance from the outside: for this, 1-1.5 cm is enough if the fabric is not loose. After that, the edges are processed by overlock or on a conventional typewriter by bending them and zigzag stitches. It is necessary to press out the part at this stage so that later there will be no distortions.
Now it is necessary to go to the moment of assembly: having turned both a large rectangle and a tape with an elastic band, the short side facing you, you should lay them on each other. This is done in such a way that the strip with a rubber band goes along the long side of the main part, and their corners are aligned. Here it is desirable to fix the parts together with pins, after which the edge of the main part bends. The wrong side of it is looking up, a strip with an elastic band is between the layers. The opposite long edge is required to put the front side on the wrong side of the edge that is connected to the rubber band.
The last moment with this side - from each edge “accordion” starts to gather from the free part of the main part. It is important to make it evenly so that on each side of the gum we get the same number of folds-layers. After that, they are carefully stitched by hand - the machine will not take a needle like a thick layer. The whole procedure is repeated for the other end of the gum. In the final, just twist the bandanas on the front side.
Pattern of bandanas with a visor
A bandana with a visor protects from the sun's rays not only the head, but also the eyes, which is important for all ages. The pattern is not much more complicated than the previous versions, so the beginning seamstress will cope with this task. Details will again be 3: a visor, a transverse line, which is the strings, and the main panel. Each is single-ply, excluding the visor: for density, it should be sewn from 2 layers of fabric.
The selected material is folded in half, and each detail is applied with a place indicated by a dotted line on the pattern to the fold line. Stroke is done with chalk or, if the fabric is light, with a pencil. Cut necessarily with a small (1-2 cm) allowance for seams in the joints of the parts. The edges of the parts should be processed using an overlock or zigzag seam. The middle zone and the transverse detail are swept away and stitched on with a small line.
After that, the halves of the visor are folded over each other, connected, but the seam is not cyclical: you must leave space to turn the part out. The most reasonable thing to do is from the side that will be attached in the next step to the transverse line of the bandana, sewing together with it. This completes the sewing of this scheme. If necessary, you can make a more dense headdress, initially carving out a double for each detail, and stitching them together, as was done with the visor.
Be sure to try to sew a bandana with your own hands or tie it with knitting needles. Even a simple square version of it, requiring no more than 10 minutes. to create, take a worthy place in your wardrobe. In addition, such a headdress will be a wonderful gift for your child, especially if it is interesting to decorate it.