Ampielnaya plants are very popular among flower growers who want to improve every square of their home. They fit perfectly in both closed rooms and glazed balconies, and some even get along well on open balconies. Bacopa - a flower that has long gained a well-deserved portion of love in Europe, is finally appreciated in Russia.
Features of the plant and its types
If you take a quick look at Bacopa, it will be difficult to call it especially attractive - a lush bush with many small flowers does not stand out from a number of similar ones, but something in it touches, since in every European house the outside of the facade is decorated with this particular plant. Perhaps it is his simplicity, which allows stretching bushes over large areas without visual overload of the site, calls for the active cultivation of bacopa. An ampel plant is excellently suited for placement in pots installed under the ceiling, as well as for the design of flat surfaces, which it covers in the manner of a dense openwork carpet.
Interestingly, some types of bacopa feel great not only in the open air, but also in the water: for example, bacopa Caroline. Its natural habitat is the waters of southern America, as a result of which it came to Europe as a resident of artificial lakes and ponds, which were divided into suburban areas or near the house, as well as aquariums. The plant has small (up to 2 cm in length) oval leaves, distributed along the long stalk opposite each other, loosely seated. Rare flowers, located between the leaves closer to the top, the petals are made in blue or lilac, in some varieties - in white.
The pond (or aquarium) of the Karolinska bakope is needed with a depth of at least 30-35 cm., As well as a temperature of 20-22 degrees, so as not to slow down its growth, and the lower leaves do not begin to rot. Water hardness is kept within 7-8 degrees, acid-base balance - 7.0. Top dressing of the Karolinska bakop is not important, but good lighting will favorably affect its appearance.
In other species of bakopa, which are ground cover and grow on land, shoots are stretched in length by 60-65 cm and densely dotted with small lanceolate leaves of a muted green color. With the exception of the columnar bakopa, which is erect, its bushes are low (only 20–25 cm in height) and less frequently grown in gardens and apartments.
With each contact with the ground, Bacopa generates new roots on its stalk, as a result of which it clings well to any surface. For this reason, wire mesh walls are often constructed for bacopops to form hedges in a garden or apartment. Flowers in diameter reach 2-2.5 cm., Consist of five petals of blue, blue, lilac or pinkish-white shade, almost have no smell.
Bacopa ampelous: growing from seed
- The main way of reproduction and cultivation of ampelous bacopa is a classic seeding, which is almost not set in time, if there is no reference to further landing on the ground. For further cultivation of a flower in an apartment, you can engage in sowing at any time of the year, but in some cases you will have to wait a long time for flowering. It comes in March, and if you sow the plant a month before, it will not have time to get stronger, and will only bloom by mid-summer. The vegetative cycle itself lasts until the end of October, and is divided into 2 waves, of which the latter is more intense.
- Gardeners with great experience recommend that before choosing a particular variety of amperamus bakopa, it is possible to find out how fast its color degenerates: it is possible that in a few years those attractive sunset hue petals will turn white and lose their individuality. True, this is only relevant when you buy a plant for a long period.
- Direct planting in the ground for bacopa is unacceptable, so the flower must pass a seedling period. It is better to pick a large container with high walls, pour small seeds into the fabric, which is wrapped and lowered into a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15-20 minutes. Singly they can not be poured into the water because of their size. The soil is chosen so that it does not happen accidentally over-wetting during watering: the roots of the ampelous bacopa are very fragile, easily rotting. Therefore, gardeners recommend to fill the bottom of the bowl drainage material, and the soil mixture made from peat, sand and garden soil with weak acidity. Seeds carefully scatter on the substrate and are easily pressed by hand: they are not required to be covered with earth from above. But you should definitely spray the ground with warm water, after which the container is covered with glass and put into a devoid of drafts, not shaded place.
- Shoots appear by the end of the 2nd week, from direct sunlight to this point they need to be protected. As soon as the sprouts begin to hatch, the container with the seedlings moves closer to the light. However, at the same time, it may be necessary to increase the rate of irrigation (spraying) with warm water, if the sun is too active, and the windows face south. The general air temperature should be kept at 18-20 degrees. Gardeners recommend sprinkling seedlings in separate pots after 2-3 leaves appear on the plant. At the same time, if it is warm outside, you can transfer the bakopa to open ground, but pre-temper it for 7-10 days, gradually accustoming you to street temperatures. For clusters of clusters planted between specimens, a distance of 10 to 25 cm is maintained, depending on the height of the adult plant.
Planting and care rules
She is very loyal to the “neighbors” in a flower bed, pot or planter pot: it gets along with almost any plant, although gardeners especially strongly insist on combining Bacopa with petunias and fuchsias, as well as with nasturtiums. This is primarily due to external harmony: a lot of medium-sized flowers that form a single carpet do not over-attract everyone’s attention to themselves, and also do not block each other’s color, as a result of which each plant gets its share of comfort. However, it is possible to grow bakopa and solo - the plot will be decorated no worse.
Growing up and maintaining Bacopa from seeds does not present any particular difficulties for experienced gardeners and beginners. In particular, ampelous bacopa enters the rare category of flowers that does not need pinching, despite the undulating flowering. It independently discards dry inflorescences, so the next wave will be no less intense than the previous one, even if you do not put your hand to it. But the growth points on the new shoots, it is desirable to eliminate immediately, if you do not plan to increase the width of the bush.
Much more important here is the moment of illumination: constantly bathing in the sunlight Bacopa will produce more abundant flowering than the one that grows in the shade. Fertilizers have less impact on the plant, so they are applied only under young bushes, so that during active growth they receive enough nutrients, and after - only during flowering periods. In winter, mineral fertilizers are not applied to Bacopa, and watering is also carried out with less frequency. However, the plant already does not need frequent supply of water: it is enough to monitor the condition of the soil and not allow it to dry out. But gardeners focus on spraying shoots and bakopa leaves - this will create the correct humidity near the bush.
It is also important to ensure a constant supply of fresh air, as a result of which the ground near the bush is loosened, but with minimal penetration, so as not to damage the closely located roots. In the cold season, the ampellina bacopa will definitely be brought into the room: in the open field, it will have to grow as an annual. The air temperature can not be lowered below 14-15 degrees, although the critical value for a bacopa is -5 degrees.
Bacopa: photos of plants
Bacopa - ampelous and columnar - is a rather unassuming and unpretentious flower: it is almost not affected by pests (especially varieties with white flowers), except for aphids, it hibernates well in a normal city apartment and can live for some time without bright sunlight. Do not over-wet the soil and do not forget about the constant spraying of bushes - this bakopa will be enough for a comfortable stay.