Azalea - one of the most beautiful plants that are grown at home. In the care it requires a special relationship. About 350 plant species are known. Azalea grows in China, India and the mountainous regions of Siberia and the Caucasus.
As a rule, flowers have a beautiful pink color, it is not for nothing with Greek it translates as "rose tree". In addition to pink, there are yellow, red, cream and even bicolor petals. Azalea must be properly treated, even when it has faded.
How to care for azalea after flowering?
Azalea pleases with its flowering only 2 months from November to April. After that, you need special care for the plant. When the azalea is finished blooming, it is necessary to remove all the buds along with the pedicels. Pruning a plant after flowering is a must-have procedure that will help preserve the flower. Do not forget to water the azalea during this period (it needs abundant watering). From March to September, spray the plant with separated water, and in the heat, place a tray with gravel and water under the flower pot.
Leaves that have changed color also need to be removed. After the end of flowering, after about a month new shoots will appear on the shoots, which need to be pinned. A similar procedure is done 3 times a year.
The last time they do it is at the end of July or the beginning of August. For azaleas, pinching is obligatory, it increases the intensity of flowering. If after the appearance of buds, young shoots have formed around them, they should be removed.
When the plant fades in the spring, cut the long and weak shoots and transplant the azalea.
How to transplant azalea after flowering?
An adult flower needs to be replanted 1 time in 2 years, and young plants every year. Flat wide pots are ideal for transplantation, since the root system of azaleas is horizontal and prefers drained soil. This soil is not necessary to loosen, so as not to damage the roots.
Land for transplanting azaleas after flowering is better to buy in the store. Consult with the seller-consultant, he will select the perfect primer for your flower.
If you want to experiment, you can try to independently prepare the soil for azaleas. The soil for the flower consists of leafy soil, peat, with the addition of 2 parts of coniferous and 1 part of heather land, as well as some river sand. Put a drain on the bottom of the pot.
At the time of transplanting a flower, pay attention to the root collar - it cannot be covered with earth, otherwise the azalea may die. Also try not to damage the roots, so do not touch the soil around them.
Pruning azaleas after flowering
- For abundant and successful flowering, it is necessary to cut the plant in time so that as many tops as possible form on it. Do not regret strongly growing shoots, otherwise you will not get a compact plant. Azaleas look best with rounded crowns.
- Formation of the crown must begin as early as possible. Cut the shoots can be used for reproduction. Cut the flower so that about 4 leaves are left on the branch. If azalea grows thickly, it needs to be thinned out. Weak twigs of the flower are completely removed, and thinning is carried out inside the bush, cutting off the shoots.
- If after flowering you do not cut the plant, it will begin to bloom magnificently and over time the bush will become loose. If your azalea sheds leaves after flowering, it also needs pruning, after which it is placed in a cool and dark place for 2 months.
- If the bush grows intensively, you may need to re-pruning, which is carried out in late summer.
Like other plants, azaleas have pests. Among them are the following:
- Shchitovki and pseudo. They can be found on the surface of leaves and stems. They look like brown plaques. Parasites suck the juice from the stems, as a result, the leaves lose their color, fall off and dry. To defeat these pests, wash the leaves and stalks of azaleas with a soapy sponge. After spraying the plant with a 0.15 percent solution of actellica. You can also treat the flower with aktar and karbofos. Spider mite It appears in dry air and weaves a web. As a result, the leaves become sluggish and fall, and the buds dry. To defeat the spider mite, the plant is wiped with a soapy sponge and bathed under a warm shower. Such methods help when the flower is not badly affected by the mite. With a strong infection, spray the azalea with a 0.15 percent solution of actellica.
- Mealybugs They hit shoots, flowers and leaves. If time does not provide assistance, the azalea will die. To cope with the pest, wipe the plant with a soapy sponge and rinse it in the shower. In advanced cases, sprinkle the azalea with a 0.15 percent solution of Attellic.
Azalea is an incredibly beautiful flower! To care for the plant is quite difficult. If you do not have free time or you are a beginner florist, stop your choice on a less whimsical flower. Do not ignore azalea clipping after flowering, and it will long delight you with its graceful buds.