At the summer cottage may not be complex structures, the abundance of fruit trees or exotic shrubs. However, on almost always there are a variety of ornamental plants. Mostly these are flowers. When choosing such an ornament for your garden, you should pay attention to the gravilatum, whose other name is winnowing grass.
Gravilat: photos and features of the plant
Gravilat is a member of the Rosaceae family, which can be clearly seen in the shape of its inflorescences. They are large, spherical, terry in most varieties. Practically have no aroma, are dismissed from the very end of spring and to the middle of summer. After which they can go to the 2nd phase, flowering closer to autumn. Certain varieties bloom the whole summer without interruption.
The height of the stems in most of its species reaches 70 cm, although there are also dwarf specimens not higher than 15 cm. The stem is erect, the leaves are concentrated in the lower part, have a dark green color and a wrinkled surface. Even after the buds wither, foliage adorns the garden with its appearance.
Since gravilat is a perennial plant, as well as resistant to cold, it is actively grown in the middle lane. Today in Russia you can count up to 20 of its species. In nature, there are about 50. Given the diversity of the shape of the bush, the size of the inflorescences, the requirements for the soil and other factors, the gravity easily fits into absolutely any garden design: it is planted in rock gardens, by water bodies, on stony hills. Which type and variety to choose depends on the place where it is planned to be planted.
Like other perennials, gravilat does not require special conditions for its cultivation. For almost every soil, you can pick up the kind that easily take root on it. It is easy to grow from its seeds, and it is able to bloom not only among the same Rosaceae, but also in the company of other flowers. For example, carnations and bells. However, a few gravy bushes look more advantageous than their spread among other plants.
How to plant long-term gravilat?
- In addition to the many nuances related to the care and cultivation of gravilate, there are several recommendations for its location. In addition to the question of aesthetics, which gardeners are guided by, looking for a flower zone where it will grow, you should take into account the characteristics of each species. For example, too tall bushes are not always appropriate in flower beds and borders, where it is better to plant dwarf specimens. At the same time, it is important to remember that gravilat grows very well in breadth, forming grassy carpets. If such his drawing is undesirable, it is necessary to form it by trimming.
- Narrow long rabatki - the best option for gravilat any height. Their main location falls on the framing of the tracks and the length along the fences. Often do several rows of them at once, filling with different plants.
- Mixborders - large collections of continuously blooming specimens. In them, the gravity will also find its place, as it is easily combined with any colors. In addition, it can be planted quite closely - more than 20 cm of the free zone is not required for the gravity.
- Sometimes it is possible to notice this plant on flowering ornamental lawns, where the growth of gravel is not controlled, and its ability to cover the ground with carpet is fully used. Most often, a similar lawn is made in a shaded area. Then it will bloom less often than to please the eye with moderate greens.
Gravilat: planting and care in the open field
It is desirable to grow this flower through sowing, and not by dividing the bush. The problem is the plant intolerance of any transplants. For the same reason, gardeners recommend sowing gravilat immediately where it will grow next time. Moreover, this perennial does not live longer than 4 years, as a result of which it will not have time to get bored in a flower bed.
Planting is carried out in the spring, at the end of April, and in the southern regions you can start it at the beginning of autumn. Seeds should be sown under the film, creating a greenhouse in the flowerbed to protect the seedlings from sudden frost. If you use the seedling method, the boxes will also have to be kept warm, diving first through single containers, and only after that they will be transplanted into a flower bed on open ground. But grown through a similar technique of gravilat will bloom only next year. And before any sowing it is necessary to feed the soil by adding compost or peat to it.
As to the specific chemical composition of the substrate, each species has special requirements for it. In particular, river graviata loves marshland. For all other species, excessive moisture in the soil is unacceptable, therefore, in wetlands it is necessary to raise a flower bed. The main feature of the soil on which the gravilat will grow is its good air permeability. Therefore, heavy clay areas are unacceptable. Undesirable and high acidity, which is leveled by the introduction into the substrate lime-fluff.
The place is chosen so that it gets sunshine during the day, slight shading is allowed. The main thing is that during the flowering period the bush gets a lot of light, otherwise it will be less abundant than expected. On the other hand, the gravilatus growing in the shade will bloom much longer than the one that is under direct sunlight.
Land before planting should be mixed with wood ash or a small amount of sand. Some species and varieties of plants will require additional processing chemicals. This step is taken because of the exposure of non-hybrid varieties to fungal diseases. In addition, there are frequent lesions root rot, due to improper watering. In particular - busting with moisture.
Regular irrigation is to constantly monitor the condition of the soil, which should not dry out. If overmoistening happened and rotting of the root system began, the bushes are dug out.
As mentioned earlier, gravilat tolerates frost well. Nevertheless, gardeners recommend hybrid varieties to cover, using for this purpose a spruce branch or a rich carpet of dry leaves. There is no sense in covering the bushes with a covering woven material.
Chilean variety: species features
- Chilean gravilatus its appearance is similar to poppy: the same long stems up to 60 cm, the same leaves at the bottom, the same paniculate inflorescences. In the classical variety, they have a bright scarlet color, rather large, terry. Hybrids can be both orange and sunny yellow. The flowering period is 1.5-2 months, starting with the last days of June.
- Sowing by seedlings is carried out at the beginning of April, the classical scheme for perennials through glass-covered boxes. The seeds germinate by the end of the 2nd week, the seedling is picking after the appearance of 2 leaves, the bush will bloom only in the new season. But there are so-called express perennials that can decorate a garden after 4 months from the time of sowing.
- Saplings are sent to the open ground by the end of May, while eliminating the threat of night frost. The free zone between the specimens is up to 0.4 m. Before planting Chilean gravity, it is obligatory to tillage the soil with a solution of a fungicide that will become a barrier against fungi, which often infect this plant species. During flowering, Chilean gravilat feeds on mineral fertilizers, nitroammophoska is particularly suitable. Crop after flowering is not necessary.
What is different urban gravilat?
City gravilat is valued not only as a decorative element of the garden, but also as a medicinal plant. Its alternative name is “carnation root”, which is caused by the characteristic aroma of carnation, emanating from pale yellow inflorescences with a diameter of 1.5 cm. The height of the bushes often reaches 0.8 m, which distinguishes this species from other types of gravel. In addition, its stem is characterized by power and fleecy.
At the root of the leaves have long petioles, quite large, and those that are located closer to the top, rather small and tripartite. Flowering in the city of gravity occurs throughout the summer, and in the fall on it appear prefabricated fruit, representing a lot of nuts with seed. This species survives well on stony slopes and sandy soils. Heavier ones should be supplemented with dolomite flour. And taking into account the peculiarities of the species, the city gravitat should be planted on shady areas. He needs less abundant watering than other types of gravilat.
By following simple guidelines, you can easily choose the best kind of gravel that will fit perfectly into the picture of your garden. Remember about his requirements for watering and the peculiarities of his attitude to lighting, and he will be the most unpretentious plant of all that grew on your site.