The onion family has many well-known representatives - hyacinth, gladiolus, iris, lily. But attention is paid to the atsidantere much less - very few people know this charming flower. Its simplicity is in some way deceptive: an acidider is a plant with a character that is extremely difficult to grow. How to plant it in open ground, and what varieties are adapted to life in the middle lane?
Atsidantera: the main characteristics of the plant
Externally, it is very similar to gladiolus: the same stem height, the same xiphoid shape of narrow dark leaves; for which he received his alternative name - fragrant gladiolus, Muriel's gladiolus. However, the stars of flowers crowning erect stems are much smaller and lighter than those of gladiolus, the inflorescence is spicate, but more fragmented and thinned: there are no more than 6 colors in it (rare varieties have the 10th).
Color atsidanty is within the range of white-beige range - bright petals are extremely rare. But even here there is a zest: dark, usually maroon-plum, the center, in shape repeating the silhouette of the flower itself - an asterisk. The diameter of the largest of them is 10 cm, there are also smaller specimens: 4-6 cm. Flowering occurs in stages: first, a pair of lower buds bloom, then they fade, and the next-highest pair comes to replace them. Thus, there is a movement to the very top. At the same time, more than 3 buds are not revealed on the stem, which creates the effect of a lower inflorescence density than that of gladiolus. The total duration of flowering is 1.5 months: from the last days of July until the end of September. Green leaves remain until frost.
Photos of the most attractive varieties
In total, this flower is known about 40 species, each of which includes more than 10 varieties. But not all of their representatives take root in the middle lane, so the choice of gardeners is greatly simplified. For those who have never come across this flower, you can note the most suitable for growing in Russia. And the two-color acidideera or bicolor acididene became the best for this climatic zone. Planting and caring for it are similar to those recommended for most annuals that are not resistant to cold, ornamental plants. Immediately it should be noted that almost all species and varieties of acididers in Russia are grown as annuals, since the lower temperature limit for this flower is 1 degree below zero.
- Almost all representatives of the two-color acidants have milky-white petals and burgundy spots, the flowers reach 12 cm in diameter, and the tubers are rather small - only 3 cm.
- Atsidantera Muriel or atsidantera Muriel - a type of two-color atsidantery, also has milk-white petals with purple spots, but its middle is green, and it is extremely difficult to meet this variety.
- Tropical atsidantera - less common in the middle lane, also has a very interesting color: on its bright petals (on each of them) are spot-droplets, elongated similarly sharpening the lobes themselves. Their shade is pale pink, with dark edging and a lighter middle.
Due to the fact that the atsidantera has not yet been cultivated, most of its varieties are unknown to domestic growers, and it is difficult to find any description on them. In particular, white-pink petals of Fourcade acididers or purely white are interesting, in white acididerers, but they have not yet reached the middle band. Therefore, for cultivation in this area, only a two-colored species remains, as well as rare representatives of tropical acidants.
Planting atsidantery in open ground
Cultivation is another contribution to the capriciousness of her capriciousness: it is really difficult with this flower, especially if you decide to plant in the open field. Caring for an acidide involves protection from any weather extremes, cold, wind, which is extremely difficult to do outside the apartment. But if you still want to have a beautiful bush at your summer cottage, carefully follow what is written below.
- Southern regions allow the flower to grow in any part of the garden, but other regions are recommended to plant an acidanter in a greenhouse - the probability of waiting for flowering is much higher than in open areas.
- The soil for planting is chosen so that it has a low acidity, and there is no stagnation in it (for this purpose, drainage material is introduced). It is also worth to follow its density: light, loose soil is optimal, which can be achieved by making sand. Before planting, atsidantery land carefully loosened to a depth of 20 cm. It is best to combine humus, sand and turf in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- Planting is done in spring (end of May) and can be carried out both through the primary, in pots and containers, and immediately into the greenhouse. If the atsidanthera is located on a permanent place, they keep a distance of 10-15 cm between the bulbs, while not forgetting to deepen small ones by 10-12 cm, and large ones - by 20 cm. Before planting, you must apply fertilizer: complex fertilizer for bulbous.
- To extend the period of flowering, experienced gardeners recommend first planting tubers in containers: depth is 4 cm, no more than 6 pieces are in the tank, and soaking time is 60 days. After that, the transfer is made to the open ground.
Separately, it should be noted that the acidanter must be moved from 20 to 30 cm away from other flowers in order not to prevent its flowering by accident: she does not like close proximity to cultures that are not related to her and most often planted alone.
- If you grow an acidizer from seeds, it should be done in an apartment: For the first year, the plant will not be taken out into the fresh air until it is stronger. In addition, flowering in this case is expected no earlier than the 2nd year of life. But the preparation (stratification, etc.) of the seeds is not required - only increased attention in the care of them.
- If the atsidantera reproduces by children, they can be immediately identified in the open ground, but, as is the case with bulbs, they need a greenhouse, if it is not a southern region. Flowering in the same year is possible, but, judging by the comments of experienced gardeners, where the expectation of next summer is more likely.
Growing acidic perennials as a perennial is rarely practiced: to do this, you have to dig it up annually in the fall and keep it in a warm place until spring. Or provide the bulbs with a “fur coat” from mulch, but, again, this is relevant only for the southern regions. In such a situation, it is important to remember that this plant needs to be transplanted every 5 years of its life.
Features flower care
As for the immediate care of the flower from May to mid-autumn, it is important to remember that the atsidanter requires constant heat, good lighting, protection from wind and weather. In addition, it needs a high soil moisture, but do not abuse watering - this will lead to rotting tubers.
- Shine. The initial requirement, which determines the location of the bushes: the landing area must be well lit, direct sunlight is allowed. In the greenhouse, attractive areas near the wall-windows.
- Watering. The most important point: every day, 1-1.5 liters of water is brought under the shrub, and on hot and dry days, the procedure must be repeated twice - in the morning and in the evening. During the flowering period, watering is carried out no more than 1 time in 3 days.
- Top dressing. It starts from the middle of June and is produced with the help of complex mineral fertilizers, which it is desirable to apply in liquid form. Feed schedule - every 2-2.5 weeks.
- Mulching. The stage is optional, but recommended for hot periods, so that moisture does not evaporate from the soil too quickly. For this, any natural material can be used: leaves, branches, humus. Also, mulch will protect against penetration of weeds.
- Wintering. For the cultivation of atsidantry as a perennial, it is recommended to dig out the bulbs in September, deprive them of their upper leaves and dry them indoors, before removing the thin roots from them and putting them in peat for storage.
Experienced gardeners remind that if it is necessary to allow the bulbs to ripen and produce children, throughout the growing season, the flowering buds must be immediately cut off. This will also help keep the flowering pomp to the very end.
Undoubtedly, the atsidanthera is not the easiest garden resident: she is demanding and almost unexplored, which gives a portion of the difficulties even to seasoned flora lovers, but she deserves attention to herself. If, however, it is impossible to grow an acidanter in the open field (the buds are not tied or die too early), try to settle it in your apartment - this will greatly simplify the task.