Arktotis is an annual or biennial plant, with fairly large bright flowers, which belong to the family of asteraceae. Today there are more than 30 different species of this plant, which is originally from South Africa. The main differences between different varieties of arktotis are the size and shape of flowers.
Arktotis: growing from seed
Arktotis seedlings are grown from seeds that can be purchased at any store or collected on their own after flowering is completed, as long as the inflorescences do not just wither, they also dry out well.
Seeds of arktotisa very small with a light edge, brown. They should be sown before the end of March in heated greenhouses or in containers placed at home. If the seeds are planted in boxes to speed up the process of emergence, you need to cover them from the top with transparent glass or plastic wrap.
The first shoots appear in about a few weeks, the development of seedlings is quite slow. As soon as the seedlings germinate, they need to be slightly thinned and sprinkled with a little light ground.
Watering moderate, carried out only through the pan. After 1-1.5 weeks, after germination, you can dive seedlings of 2 pcs. in special peat pots, which are then simply placed in open ground.
Grown from seed arktotisy can be transplanted into any kind of soil, however, the exception is only heavy clay substrates. The ideal option would be sandy or limestone soil. It is necessary to plant a plant in a well-lit area, it is necessary to periodically loosen and remove weeds.
Arktotis perfectly tolerates even severe drought and cold, watering should be moderate, otherwise there will be rot, it is impossible to prevent darkening. The plant is characterized by resistance to various pests and diseases, but problems may occur with too much watering. The plant may suffer from aphids and onion bugs. It is strictly forbidden to use fresh organic plants that can lead to the death of arktotisa.
Arktotis: landing and care
Strengthened seedlings need to be planted in open ground in late May, after the threat of frost has passed, otherwise the plant will simply die. Arktotis is planted directly in peat pots, which soon rot and become an excellent fertilizer. Flowers grow quickly enough and soon the first inflorescences appear.
As soon as the plant is 10 cm tall, in order to improve tillering, it is necessary to pinch the top of the head. If the seedlings were grown in iron containers, it is necessary to transplant the arctitos very carefully, while a clod of earth should remain on the roots from the box. Violating the root system, you can destroy the plant. The distance between seedlings should be about 20 cm.
Regular fertilization is not required, it will be enough to use the mineral complex during the transplanting into the open ground. With an excess of organic matter may begin root decay.
There is no need for frequent transplants. If there is such a need, you need to pick up a loose and fertile soil with a slight content of lime. Arktotis can be transplanted once a year.
Beautiful and vivid photos of arktotis attract gardeners and lovers, because the plant is unpretentious in care and blooms throughout the summer. So as not to have to buy the seeds again, they can be collected after flowering. To do this, wait for the baskets to completely fade. If in the center of the flower appears down, then you can start collecting seeds. They must be dried, cleaned and stored in a dry place, germination persists for 2 years.
The most popular plant species are:
- Hybrid - a perennial plant, cultivation and care for which is the same as for one-year. During the flowering period, beautiful semi-double baskets are formed, about 7 cm in diameter. Flowering lasts from July to September.
- Rough - in height can reach 45 cm, flowers in diameter of about 5 cm. Very beautiful reed flowers of yellow color with a brown blotch.
- Stemless - in diameter flowers reach about 5 cm, yellow color interspersed with a red hue. The taproot is quite thick, the leaves are located nearby, which can be as long as 15 cm. Flowering begins in July and until September.
- Styhasolist - grows mainly in South Africa. In height, this species can reach 95 cm, the leaves are oval-lanceolate, slightly thickish and hairy, asymmetrical. Flowers in diameter reach 6 cm, have a light pleasant aroma.
Flowers of arktotis are very beautiful and bright, therefore they have become very popular in gardening. They harmoniously look on flowerbeds in combination with other ornamental plants and will be a wonderful decoration of alpine hills. To enjoy the beauty of arktotis, you just need to create optimal conditions for it and not water too often.