The most common name for aquilegia is the catchment, but beyond that it has earned quite a few colorful nicknames in various countries: from the dove to the mountain bell. A large number of beliefs and beliefs are associated with a flower: someone believes that it softens the heart and soul, someone, on the contrary, reiterates the personification of female perfidy. However, be that as it may, aquilegia continues to be valued because of its unpretentiousness and attractiveness.
A distinctive feature of aquilegia is its flowers: resembling a bell with 5 petals, seated in the center of a star, it has a long fluffy core and a bright color. In numerous photos of aquilegia, it can be seen that the petals of both parts of the flower most often differ in shades: the inner ones can be white, with barely visible spots at the base, and the outer ones are purple, and always with a bluish bloom at the ends. In some varieties, they are collected in inflorescences of 10–12, but in most cases the flowers of the aquilegia are single, on long shoots. Small (5 * 3 cm) leaves of special interest do not represent, below they are formed into a socket, from which the main stem is pulled.
Aquilegia: growing from seed at home
It is a pleasure to work with aquilegia: it can be propagated in several ways, among which classical sowing is the most popular. Moreover, it can be produced even in open ground, but professionals still recommend going through the seedling stage in order to grow stronger and more resistant bushes. Sowing time - autumn or spring, depending on where you sow: in the open ground you can under the snow, for seedlings - in the spring. At the same time, they will have to be processed - a small capacity is filled with earth, over which the seeds of aquilegia are scattered, after which they are covered with a new layer of earth. The soil is moistened, the container is cleaned either in the refrigerator (the temperature is not higher than 5 degrees), or in a hot place - about 35 degrees. There the seeds should be 30 days, after which their primary processing is completed. After such actions will only rub their sandpaper, because they have a dense "shell", and the seeds are ready for sowing.
Simple plastic containers with high walls are filled with garden soil, to which a little peat is added, the soil is slightly moistened through spraying, and seeds are scattered over it. Since their germination is not 100%, it is not necessary to maintain a certain distance between them. Seeds gently overlap with a thin layer of the same substrate or plain sand, but always heated in the oven. At the end of sowing, it is necessary to moisten the soil slightly again, tighten the container with a film in which a needle creates several punctures for air exchange, and remove the container closer to the window, but so that direct sunlight does not fall on it. If the windows face the north side, the container can even be put on the window sill. In other cases - closer to the wall, at a distance of 70-80 cm from the window.
The shoots of the aquilegia planted on seedlings appear by 16-20 days, after which the film from the container must be removed. Caring for seedlings does not change from the very moment of sowing: only light watering through spraying. When sprouts appear on 2-3 leaves, they must be seated in separate single pots or in smaller ones than the previous one, breaking them into groups. Between shoots it is necessary to keep a distance of 4-5 cm in order not to interfere with the development of their root system. And as soon as the land at the site warms up (which usually happens by mid-May), the bushes are transferred to the flower bed. At the time of transplantation, be sure to save a small amount of soil around the roots, otherwise you will damage them, which will lead to the death of the plant.
If you do not want to collect the seeds, and also do not want the aquilegia to multiply by self-sowing, be sure to cut the fading flowers to the outlet. If necessary, you can organize a new flowerbed with aquilegia through cuttings or dividing the bush.