Phlox in Greek means "flame." This flowering herbaceous plant belongs to the family Sinuhovye, has up to 67 species. The flowers are purple, pale blue, pink, bright red and white tones.
One of a kind representative of phlox one-year-old - Drummond phlox. The flowers of this species are usually with a pale center and bright petals, funnel-shaped with a short, narrow tube, reach 2.5 cm. The leaves are soft, hairy and sticky. The variety is named after the Scottish botanist Thomas Drummond, who sent phlox seeds from Texas to England in 1835, and since then, up to 200 real elite varieties of phlox have been bred. Favorite American gardens for over 200 years.
Secrets of growing flocks of seeds
- Prefer container with drainage holes at the bottom. If you use plastic cups, make the holes yourself.
- To sterilize the container, mix 1 part of chlorine bleach to 9 parts of water, leave the container in solution for 5 minutes. Dry container thoroughly.
- Fill the container with soil mixture and lightly tamp it.
- Sow the seeds at a distance of 3 cm from each other, to a depth of 1 cm. Sprinkle the seeds with soil.
- Moisten the topsoil with warm water using an aerosol dispenser to help preserve the seeds and not lower them into the soil.
- Cover the container with plastic to keep it moist. Polyethylene should be 2-3 cm above the soil surface.
- Place the container in a warm, dark area. For germination phlox seeds need a temperature of 19 degrees.
- Wait for seed germination. It may take 5 to 10 days. Regularly check the soil moisture, try to keep it moist.
- Move the container to a bright area of the house to provide seedlings with 12 hours of sunlight. Remove the polyethylene as soon as the seeds begin to germinate. Continue to moisten the soil as needed.
- If you want the bush to enjoy pomp, do nip on the fourth leaf.
By the end of May, having passed the frosts, the seedlings will be ready for diving into the ground. Since the cultivation of perennial and annual phlox from seeds is no different, you can follow the instructions from the video.
Annual Phlox: Planting and Care
When planting annual phloxes, the key point is the choice of landing site. It is necessary to take into account the height of the plant (up to 30 cm) and your needs in decorating the garden. Phloxes easily tolerate small frosts, love to grow in the sun, and are tolerant of partial darkening. However, shade-grown phlox will bring fewer flowers.
The soil should be moist but not flooded, breathable. Dig 30 cm deep pits and add organic compost or peat to produce healthy and strong plants.
Planted plants at a distance of 15 - 30 cm from each other. Carefully water the plant.
If you are not afraid to freeze the flowers, the seeds of Phlox Drummond can immediately be planted in the ground. At the end of November - December, it will be necessary to have a dense shelter, which in other matters can serve as snow. But prepare the soil in advance. Sow the seeds immediately to the required distance from each other, sprinkle it on top with earth. In a few weeks it is necessary to break through and fertilize the seedlings (use nitrogen fertilizer).
Proper overgrowth care
- To obtain abundant flowering, water thoroughly the phlox at the roots, taking care not to wet the leaves, which will help avoid the appearance of mold. No need to water phlox at night.
- Fertilize the land with a mixture containing 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphate, 10% potash. Once the plants bloom, fertilize the soil again. In general, do not refuse plants in humus-rich soil, fertilizing promotes flowering with more bright colors.
- Mulch the area around the plant as the days get hotter. This will help keep the soil moist and control the appearance of weeds. Phlox can not tolerate hot and dry soils. In addition, it can attract spiders and small cocoons are found on the leaves.
- Cut the Phlox when it reaches 10-15 cm in height, for air to penetrate the base of the plant.
- Remove wilted flowers from inflorescences.
Follow all the tips on growing and caring for a "fiery" flower, and you will certainly be rewarded in the form of an avalanche of colorful buds with a delicate enveloping scent. This "flower cloud" will decorate your garden until the end of summer.