Arriving from the hot peninsula of Madagascar, the quarantus settled not only in the garden plots of the inhabitants of the middle zone, but also found its place in ordinary city apartments, where it is sometimes much easier to provide it with comfortable conditions. Cultivation from seeds of the ampelous quarantine is much easier than it may seem to a beginning florist, but handling the plant itself requires caution due to some of its features.
Quarantus: photos and characteristics of the flower
It is possible that the genus Qarantus is numerous and extensive, but fame reached only 8 of its species, most of which grows in Madagascar, and only 1 - in India. However, amateur flower growers of this amount turned out to be more than enough, and with all the advantages of the quarantus to grow it as actively as they should, no one dared. This is due to an unpleasant point in the characteristics of the plant: each of its parts is a source of toxic substances. Consequently, it is undesirable to place the quarantine in an apartment where there are animals or small children that can inadvertently reach for a flower. It will also be dangerous in the summer cottage, where the same animals or children may appear that are not aware of the plant's toxicity.
But this is where the shortcomings of the quarantine end: the annual and perennial species of the evergreens are unpretentious and very attractive. With their large (3 cm in diameter) single flowers of 5 petals, they resemble phloxes, which is also facilitated by the main color range: pink and crimson, barely diluted with a yellow or almost black center. Flowers have no fragrance, which is important for sensitive people. The height of the quarantines is also close to the phloxes already mentioned: the branching stem extends 60 cm from the ground, and in ampelous species up to 100 cm, which makes the plant an ideal inhabitant of apartments with high ceilings.
The main external difference between an ordinary quarantus and its ampel varieties is in the arrangement of the flowers. On the ampel case, they descend along with the stems, on the ordinary one they wrap the upper part of the bush with a hat, which becomes ever more magnificent as the carantus matures. Any variety and kind of it pleases the eye with lush, shiny green foliage of a lanceolate form for a whole year, and flowers bloom in late spring and persist until November.
Quarantus pink: plant features
Best of all, middle-class gardeners are best known for pink quarantus, the closest relative to periwinkle. By virtue of its heat-loving, even in the southern regions, it is grown as an annual, because it will not survive the winter. The same nuance makes it impossible for independent reproduction of carantus: if you want to see it again in your own plot next year, you will have to buy seeds again - it will not work to wait for them from the fading bush. It should also be noted here that carantus is often identified with periwinkle, as a result of which it is possible to search for seed packaging stores under the label “pink periwinkle”: it is quite likely that an unknowing manufacturer identified it in this way.
Unlike other species of the Qarantus family, pink has antitumor properties, as a result of which alternative medicine uses its stems and leaves as a means of slowing down the development of substandard formations. To this end, the ground part is harvested during the fruiting period and is practically impossible in the middle lane due to the early cold weather that prevents the ripening of fruits and seeds. But the leaves of carantus, removed at the time of mass flowering, can be collected by each gardener, after having started them to create decoctions and marc. But even if you are not interested in the beneficial properties of the plant, it deserves attention for its appearance.
The height of the bush of pink quarantus is 35-40 cm, the root system is pivotal - it has a main long root extending 35 cm deep, and a lot of lateral short processes with a bright aroma. Because of its particularity, the carantus is not recommended to be replanted, and when it is forced to move to another area around the root, a 9-10 cm wide lump of earth is kept. Due to the fact that the stems lignify over time, the pink quarantine can also be propagated by grafting However, this is only relevant for indoor cultivation, where it is possible to maintain high air temperature and humidity.
As for the cultivation of pink quarantus, here it should be mentioned that this is a rare species of this family, allowing preliminary sowing of seedlings on separate small cups (picking from a single large capacity is excluded) and further movement from these cups to open ground. Although in the southern regions of pink quarantus often sown immediately on the site as they will sit adult bushes, and above this zone is formed mini-greenhouse. Such reception of some amateur gardeners allows to do without a follow-up transplant.
Amutelnaya Karatantus: growing from seeds at home
- As for any other flower, to grow a quarantine apple seed, it is necessary to soak it in cool water, where potassium permanganate is diluted (2 g of the drug is prepared per 1 liter of water). So that they are completely saturated with the solution, they are wrapped in gauze, folded in 2-3 layers. Such preparation will take 30-40 minutes, after which the seeds are laid out on a paper towel or simply remain on the opened gauze and dry themselves for 1-2 hours. They should not be placed under direct sunlight so that they do not burn.
- The soil requirements for an ampel quarantus differ little from those offered by other ornamental crops: the substrate must be loose, with good air and moisture conductivity, and also with a high degree of nutrient availability. Moreover, the ampelous quarantus does not like transplanting so much that the seeds are immediately laid in the container where the adult bush will sit. The only exception is the cultivation of seedlings for open ground. Therefore, it is worthwhile to think in advance about what kind of pot will be located in a wall-mounted cache-pot, and how convenient it will be for the quarantus after 2-3 years. There is no more than 3 seeds per container, since the germination of a plant is high and the probability of dead seeds tends to zero. But 2-3 ampelous quarantulas in the first pots look lush, attractive single bush.
- If those types of quarantus that grow in open areas, are sown on seedlings in February, the apartment katarantus for an apartment can be sown at the end of March, since the seeds are “awakened” and strong sprouts occur quickly enough, and the bush will not start blooming before May. But this moment can be delayed with ease, so it is important to take care of other components of care: for example, the soil. Its composition includes a small layer of drainage, covered by humus and peat. The middle layer is assigned to the sand, and the main part, where the seed is placed, is created from equal proportions of leaf and sod land. If there is no special material for drainage, you can fill the bottom with pebbles on which a thin piece of fabric is laid. And in the case of the absence of humus, it will be necessary to increase the portion of top dressing so that the earth does not seem to be quarantined to the poor.
- Despite the heat-loving nature, the plant does not like direct sunlight, therefore, if your windows face the south side, do not place the pots on the window sills, which is permissible only at the western or eastern layout. If the sun becomes too active, for the period from 11 to 17 h the plants will shrivel, and this is true even for adult bushes of an ampel quarantus placed on a balcony wall.
- Also, the natural habitat dictates its own rules regarding watering a flower: it should be not abundant, but frequent. The soil should not be allowed to dry, but undesirable and excess water. It is best to constantly monitor its condition: the surface should always remain slightly moist and elastic. Only under such conditions will the ampel quarantus feel comfortable and look healthy. During irrigation, it is occasionally necessary to add liquid fertilizer to the water - with high-quality, rich soil, it is enough to do it once a month. But the main feeding of catarantus is in the spring-summer period with classical dry fertilizers.
It is no more difficult to cultivate amber caratus from seeds than the one intended for open ground. On the contrary, it is much easier for him to create the right conditions so that he justifies his title of perennial. The main thing is to withstand the temperature and humidity, and also not to forget about the toxicity of all its parts and not to allow children and animals to the flower.