Alokaziya or trefoil

Alocasia is a barometer plant, because before the rain water droplets protrude on the surface of the leaf. It is an herbaceous evergreen plant with powerful rhizomes and large heart-shaped leaves. Leaf color can be either monotonous green or variegated.

Tropical alokaziya or, as it is called in traditional medicine, trefoil combines decorative and healing properties. Since ancient times, this plant has been used to treat skin diseases and various tumors. In Chinese medicine, alokaziyu apply for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, tuberculosis and pneumonia. It is believed that the trefoil helps get rid of toothaches and relieve itching from insect bites. However, when growing this plant at home, one should remember the Paracelsus covenant: "Any medicine is poison." Trefoil juice contains a large amount of irritating skin substances.


Common varieties of alokaziya

Among trefoils with a monochromatic color, the most common are large-root or fragrant alokaziya, which is also called the "elephant ear". These plants can reach a height of several meters, most often they are grown in tubs for spacious rooms with a high degree of illumination. For example, they often decorate the hall of municipal institutions, etc. In room conditions contain only young alokazii.

At least one can meet the variegated species of this plant: aloziya sander, alokaziya Lowy and copper-red alokaziya, as well as their hybrid forms. These species are much smaller in size, but, at the same time, more decorative. In addition to the spectacular color, the leaves can have a different configuration. In room conditions, alokaziya blooms quite rarely, but nevertheless it happens, then the plant throws out an inflorescence resembling a cob.

Trefoil care

The shamrock is a relatively unpretentious moisture-and heat-loving plant that will grow without any problems in a light (but not in the scorching sun) or slightly shaded place, with high humidity and no drafts. If alokazii does not like something, she will immediately let it know with her appearance. About the lack of light - faded leaves, dry air and insufficient soil moisture - stop or a significant slowdown in growth. It is in a weakened state that pests attack alokaziya. The appearance of spider mites or mealybugs indicates unfavorable growth conditions.


In the warm season, abundant watering with warm settled water is required (but moisture in the soil should not be allowed to stand) and daily spraying (preferably in the morning hours). The temperature should not be below 25 degrees. At low temperatures and abundant watering at the trefoil begins to decay rhizome.

In winter, watering and spraying reduce: you can spray every other day, water, when the soil dries out slightly. The air temperature should be around 18-20 degrees.

Reproduction and transplanting alokazii

More accurately determines the process of moving alokazy - roll over. With a sharp object, carefully along the edge, one should separate the ground with the plant root from the pot (if it is a thin soft plastic pot, it can be cut) and move the flower together with the earthy clod to a new place of residence. Trefoils are transplanted in early spring, for young plants this is done annually. Substrate for alokaziy should be loose, easily permeable to moisture. It is prepared from a mixture of sheet and peat land, with the addition of sand and crushed sphagnum and / or charcoal. Insufficiently light soil can provoke stagnation of moisture, as a result of which root rot appears in alokasy.

Propagated trefoil root processes and division of rhizomes. The most suitable time for this season is spring. Rooting usually takes place without any difficulties. “Baby”, separated from the root of an adult plant, is placed in a container with wet sand mixed with peat, or sphagnum. Bottom heating significantly speeds up the rooting process.

Especially for - Olga

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