Kizil got its name for a reason. It is semantic and translated from the Turkic adverbs as "red". Indeed, the plant is distinguished by peculiar fruits elongated in bright saturated red color. The fruit is still burning under the gentle rays of the sun.
The taste is not at the height of the floors. They are acidic and, moreover, have an astringent effect due to the content of tannins in the pulp.
Breeders are not too actively engaged in such a culture as dogwood.
Cornel as a whole is a shrub plant that reaches three meters in height. There are types of dogwood that grow up to eight meters.
Cornel has a rather long lifespan of more than one hundred years.
Branched very dense crown of dogwood decorates any planting, be it a single plant or a group decorative element created by the hands of a landscape designer.
Young shoots are covered with green skin with a yellowish tinge, then in the process of growth it coarsens and forms a brown-brown hard bark.
The most interesting thing is that first the inflorescences appear on the cornel, and then the leaves are blooming, and not vice versa, like most plants.
The flowering period is approximately fourteen to seventeen days.
During the fruiting period, small fruits are formed - drupe. They are not more than four centimeters in length.
Where is growing this amazing plant - dogwood?
Cornel is characteristic for the territory of the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. Accordingly, it can be said that the plant is very thermophilic and supportive of gentle sunshine, which provides the plant with ultraviolet so necessary for growth and development.
At low temperatures, the root system and the young shoots of the dogwood may suffer.
The word "low" refers to temperatures below minus twenty-eight to thirty degrees.
Cornel is used in decorative plantings and for the formation of a hedge, which during the fruiting period looks very interesting combination of green foliage and bright red dots - cornel fruit.
Proper selection of a landing site is already half the battle. For cornels, a well-consecrated warm place protected from drafts is best suited. A slight shading of the terrain will not be a special minus, but then you will not observe abundant fruiting.
The site should be far from groundwater. The soil should pass water and air well. So dense soil layers will not work.
It is better to prepare the soil in advance, not less than six months. Landing sites should be instilled to a depth of sixty centimeters. Then add mineral and organic fertilizers and mix everything thoroughly. If there are weeds on the plot, then, of course, they should be removed.
Plant best in early spring. A prerequisite is that before planting, the buds do not have time to blossom.
If you buy seedlings, then be sure to monitor the condition of the planting material that you sell. The root system should be well developed and, in general, the seedlings should be healthy in appearance, and the leaf color is saturated green.
When planting in open ground, keep a distance of two meters between the plants. This is if you plant a hedge. When group landing distance increases to three - four meters.
Roots gently straighten when planting, make sure that they are not damaged.
Dogwood should be planted in such a way that the root collar is located about four to five centimeters above the soil layer.
After the plants you planted, do not forget to water them.
For planting, you can use seeds or apply a vegetative propagation method.
See also:How to care for euonymus?
Care is reduced to regular watering, removal of damaged and dried branches, loosening the soil, eliminating weeds (in the process of loosening). Crown plants are pruned in early spring.