Agavanaschitaet more than 300 species, which have spread throughout the globe. In conditions with a mild climate, agaves grow in open ground, and in northern latitudes, as indoor ornamental plants.
Homeland agave - Mexico. The very name of this country is translated as "the place where agaves grow." It is known that the ancient Aztecs used this plant everywhere: they made clothes and shoes, threads and cords from fibers. They covered their houses with large agave leaves, the trunks served as beams, and the thorns replaced the nails. Dried parts were used as fuel. But that is not all! Sweet drinks were made from agave juice, and wine was made. The stems of this plant could be eaten either raw, boiled or baked. For treating skin problems, healing wounds and ulcers, the Aztecs used agave juice. Modern folk medicine also appreciated its unique healing properties. The juice of this plant is considered a diuretic and laxative, it is effective in bruises and hematomas. Agave leaves are used externally for the treatment of wounds and abscesses, sciatica, and internally for diseases of the internal organs, primarily the liver and stomach. Agave preparations have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects. Plant sap is used for bronchitis and pneumonia as an expectorant.
If you have been growing aloe for a long time, then there will be no problem with growing agave. These plants are closely related, so care for them is built on the same principles.
Agaves are adapted for life in a hot arid climate. The plant accumulates moisture in its aerial parts, like aloe and cacti. Therefore, the main rule of irrigation will be - do not overfill. In the summer of moisture it takes just enough that the land is not too dry, and in winter and even less - you can water once every two months. Agaves are ideal for people who often go on business trips! As for the temperature regime, agave doesn’t care any summer heat, but in winter, it is advisable not to let the temperature fall below 6 ° C, the optimal conditions for a state of rest - being in a bright room at an air temperature of 10-13 ° C.
In May - August, once every three weeks, you can feed any fertilizer for succulents or cacti.
There is an opinion that agave, like aloe, blooms once in a hundred years. This is completely untrue for neither for another plant. Indeed, the flowering of agave is a rare and very beautiful phenomenon. However, under good growth conditions, it is almost a regularity. It happens once in a plant's life, approximately at the age of 10-15 years. From the center there is a long (in large specimens up to 10 m) a peduncle arrow, on which an inflorescence is formed in the form of a whisk or spikelet. After flowering, agave dies, but leaves numerous basal shoots.
Reproduction and transplanting agave
Agave propagated by cuttings, seeds and layering. The last option is the most preferred. Agave rooted easily in water, after which the plant is planted in the substrate (clay-sod soil, leaf and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 1.)
Some lime and coal are added to the soil for the agave. Good drainage is necessary. When planting it is necessary to ensure that the root neck is located above the soil surface.
Agave does not like frequent transplants, it can be done every 2-3 years.