Almost all gardeners are trying to decorate their homestead land with various plants: flowers, trees, shrubs. Recently, in our latitudes at home began to grow Actinidia. People call it gooseberry, because the fruits of this plant have a similar taste with their namesake. Planting and caring for Actinidia require compliance with certain rules.
What are the features of Actinidia?
Actinidia is a vine that can reach a height of up to 5 m. The plant belongs to the fruit family. The fruits of Actinidia have a delicate fruity flavor. Of these, you can make jam and candy, or simply dried.
Actinidia has about 30 different species. Most often in the suburbs and other regions of our country the following varieties are grown:
- Kolomikta (Amur gooseberry);
- Acute Actinidia;
- Polygamous actinidia.
Basically, Actinidia is planted in places where there are gazebos, arches, and verandas, since the plant is woven and its vines can braid the entire area provided. With the help of Actinidia you will be able to create a natural arbor, for this you need to build only a skeleton. As practice shows, Actinidia, growing in the suburbs, blooms around the end of May. Its flowers are white, producing a very pleasant aroma.
Actinidia has large leaves that throughout the entire flowering period change their color: from bronze to dark green and even red. That is why Actinidia is often used by landscape designers as a backyard decoration.
- Unpretentious indoor plants
- Indoor plants that do not require light
In one season, about 50 kg of delicious fruits can be collected from vines. Actinidia is not a fastidious plant, however, when choosing seedlings, consider its features.
Basic rules for choosing seedlings of Aktinidia
You can buy seedlings of Actinidia at an exhibition, fair, specialty store or market. When choosing seedlings be sure to consider these features:
- the state of the root system (the roots of Actinidia must be placed in the ground and packed in a special package);
- choose varieties that adapt well to our climatic conditions (for example, Aktinidiy Kolomikta);
- it is necessary to acquire both male and female saplings, since Actinidia belongs to the class of dioecious plants (otherwise there will be no fruiting);
- in order to choose the right floor of the plant, it is best to purchase Actinidia in specialized nurseries;
- Be sure to familiarize yourself with the order of growing seedlings (cultures that propagate by grafting are best taken root).
Actinidia: landing and care
Most often, gardeners plant Akominidia Kolomikta on home gardens located in the suburbs and other regions. Let's consider the basic rules of planting and caring for this liana plant.
How to plant Actinidia Kolomikta?
To acquire seedlings should be in the spring, at the same time, and planting is carried out. Since Actinidia belongs to the class of perennials, be sure to consider in advance the place of its landing. As a rule, experienced gardeners plant Akominidia Kolomikta near buildings - houses, gazebos, outbuildings, etc.
The distance from the planting site to the building should be at least 1 m. If you plan to plant several seedlings at the same time, keep a distance between them. The optimum landing distance is 1.5 m. The roots of Actinidia are buried in a pit, the depth of which should reach 50 cm. The width of the pit should be 0.6 m on average.
The following materials can be used as drainage:
- complex type fertilizers;
- broken stones (bricks);
Despite the fact that Actinidia Kolomikta is adapted to our harsh winters, it is best to plant it in places protected from strong winds. Also, this plant loves light, so plant seedlings in a sunny place.
Basic Care for Actinidia
As already mentioned, Actinidia loves good lighting, but in the first year after planting this liana plant does not tolerate exposure to direct sunlight, so seedlings can be covered. To do this, build a small shed. Soil cover should be periodically loosened to remove weeds. Water the plant should be as the soil dries.
Remember, it is impossible to loosen the soil deeply, since the root system of Actinidia is located very close to the surface soil cover. Young shoots need to be protected from rodents, for this purpose use a special grid. For the winter, the basal system is best covered with leaves, an embankment of earth, and humus.
At the beginning of flowering Actinidia should be well fed. Gardeners most often use complex-type fertilizers, but with a high nitrogen content. Good manure. In the second half of the growing season, ashes (wood) can be used as fertilizer.
- In the spring, juice is actively moving along the vines of Actinidia; therefore, in this period it is impossible to cut the plant in any case. Pruning of shoots is best done at the end of flowering, that is, in late autumn.
- The first pruning should be carried out no earlier than the second year of fruiting of Actinidia. If creepers are not too grown, then pruning shoots is best postponed for another year.
- Pruning is done on several buds on top of the shoot.
- To make the crown beautiful, the vines should be tied up on a special frame or support wall of the house (gazebos).
The main breeding methods of actinidia
Actinidia multiplies in three main ways:
Experienced gardeners prefer to propagate the plant with seeds or layering. If you are planting Actinidia for the first time, then it is best to use the cutting method. Cuttings are cut and planted in a fertilized substrate. Before the root system develops, Actinidia needs to be watered excessively.
Actinidia is a very beautiful perennial plant. Its vines will give your garden plot refinement and originality. In addition to the beautiful flowering, Actinidia produces very tasty fruits. Remember that the leaves and shoots of plants like to gnaw cats, so block it with a net or fence. With proper care, Actinidia can bear fruit for up to 50 years.