The maple trees of the Malvaceae family are abutilone e, but it is called "indoor maple" for leaves, which are a bit like maple. Sometimes the abutilon is called a gripe.
The most remarkable feature of abutilona is the long flowering period. With sufficient light, it should bloom from April to November, but it can bloom year-round. It depends entirely on the amount of light.
Like all plants, whose native land is tropical and subtropical forests, it is abutilon sveto - and heat-loving. It is unpretentious enough: for long flowering light is required, and that the foliage does not crumble and please the eye, fertile loose soil is necessary. There are no special tricks in terms of caring for this plant.
The most common types
Abutilon has about 150 different species, but only a few are used for ornamental cultivation.
- Striped or variegated abutilon is remarkable with yellow strokes or patterns on the foliage. The reason for such an interesting color is the virus of the plant, therefore, it is impossible to obtain such an effect during seed multiplication Breeding striped abutilon exclusively cuttings.
- Megapotamsky abutilon come from Brazil. Very beautiful plant with velvety bright green leaves and red and yellow flowers. Flowers look like lanterns, look very decorative. This kind of abutilona desirable a little pritenyat. Direct sunlight can leave burns on its leaves.
- Abutilon "sellovianum" or cello is one of the most common types of domesticated grouse. It is distinguished by orange flowers in the form of bells, with a mesh pattern on the petals. This type of abutilona is distinguished by a very fast growth rate, it especially needs pruning.
- Hybrid abutilon this species is obtained by crossing several species. It looks very impressive, has many subspecies, among which are plants with flowers of different colors: there are white, yellow, orange, red and pink. The shape of the flowers resembles a bell. The leaves of the hybrid abutilon also come in various shapes and all sorts of shades of green.
Also common are abutilon Darwin (Abutilondarwinii), suntens (Abutilonsuntense) and vineyard (Abutilonvitifolium). These are very large plants, they are more suitable for growing in a greenhouse.
What "like" home maple
As noted above, abutilon is an unpretentious plant, but it also has its own preferences.
The most suitable place for abutilona - glazed loggia. Despite its southern origin, room maple can withstand a significant decrease in temperature - even below the zero mark, but it is better not to abuse this property of the plant.
In winter, the abutilon needs a lower temperature (up to 10-15 ° C). The land should not dry out, but watering should be kept to a minimum. The wintering period is the rest time for the plant, so it is better not to neglect it.
Abutilonolubit spring pruning: shoots and stem should be shortened by about half their length. The plant is characterized by intensive growth, so without pruning you have one year it can grow up to 1.5 meters in height.
Spring plant requires abundant watering. At the same time, it will sell fertilizer with complex fertilizer.
You can prune and fertilize abutilon in the fall.
In the warm season, homemade maple is useful to breathe fresh air. You can "let him walk" - to plant in open ground in the country or in the garden. This will benefit the plant. The main rule to follow is: less wind, more light. If it is not possible to land abutilon on the street, then you can simply put the plant on the open balcony.
In the warm season and in the flowering period, abutilon loves plentiful and regular watering.
Aphids, whiteflies, and thyroids can cause significant damage to the plant, especially damaging the tender leaves of the leaf. When pests appear, the plant should be urgently treated with any insecticidal preparation. If the summer plant spends in the open field, the probability of the disease is significantly reduced.
Homemade maple breeding
Abutilon is usually propagated by cuttings, which are separated from young shoots. The cuttings are rooted in perlite or simply in water. Roots appear after 1.5 - 2 weeks. After that, the plant is ready for planting.
Reproduction is possible with the help of seeds. Before planting, seeds are soaked in water for a day. Seeds can germinate for quite a long time - from 1 to 3 months; they need a temperature of 23-28 ° C for germination. Young plants begin to bloom after about 3 to 4 months.
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