Allergy medications for children must be agreed with the doctor and taken and bought only after consultation. Children react to allergens quite differently than adults, because their immune systems are not yet fully developed. This applies in particular to children under the age of 5 years.
Children tend to suffer from food allergies, hay fever, asthma, and atopic dermatitis. To alleviate the symptoms of the disease, you should give the drug in the correct dose. Everything should be supervised by a doctor. Fortunately, there are some over-the-counter allergy medicines for children that can be used safely, even without the guidance of a doctor.
Such drugs include Zidek and Zodak, made on the basis of cetirizine.
Drugs used to treat:
- chronic and seasonal allergic rhinitis;
- allergic dermatitis;
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- hay fever;
- Included in the complex treatment of dermatitis, eczema and chronic ulcers, etc.
- Intolerance or hypersensitivity to the substances that make up the medicine.
- The use of zyrtek for the treatment of babies aged from 1 to 6 months.
- The use of zodak for the treatment of children under the age of 1 year.
- Caution in treating patients with diseased kidneys.
- Hereditary intolerance to fructose.
Zyrtec and zodak in drops, tablets and syrup belong to a new generation of antihistamine antiallergic drugs. Their active ingredient is cytrizine, which is contained in the same dose in both drugs.
Cytirizine is a powerful and selective antagonist of peripheral H1 receptors, and reduces the late stage of the inflammatory response, reduces or completely eliminates allergic reactions.
They relieve allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, swelling and itching of the mucous membranes and prevent the formation of bronchospasm. Cetirizine lasts about 24 hours.
The drug has a positive effect on capillary permeability, relieves swelling and muscle spasms in the skin.
Approximately 2/3 of the dose is excreted unchanged in the urine.
In addition to a number of identical components, in addition, the composition of the zodak includes: methylpragidroxybenzoate, sodium acetate trihydrate, propyl parahydroxybenzoate, sodium saccharinate dihydrate, zidac: sodium acetate, sodium saccharinate, propyl parabenzene, methylprabenzene.
Differences in the concentration of these substances, even the same substances in the preparations are present in different doses. The concentration of prabens is higher in the zodiac. And unlike zirtek, zodak is a generic (that is, not an original design, a copy).
Practically, the drugs can be considered the same, but unlike the original medicine, which is subjected to thorough medical examination, generics are hardly studied.
Zodak is produced in the Czech Republic, zyrtek in Switzerland, Belgium, Lithuania, Italy.
Efficiency in application
As it turned out as a result of clinical trials, the efficacy of using such drugs is almost the same, and both help equally well. Drugs are drugs of the second generation and reduce allergic inflammation, prevent the early phase of an allergic reaction.
They are quickly absorbed, and the maximum concentration of drugs in the blood is observed after 30-60 minutes. When taken with food, the absorption rate decreases, but the effect does not decrease.
The drugs are not addictive - unlike the first generation of antihistamines, which were of short duration and addiction began at 7-12 days.
Possible side effects
It should be remembered that zyrtek is not only a “pill” or a “droplet” that will solve the problem. Testimonials about alcohol, show that this is a serious drug that can not be given to children uncontrollably and unsystematically. This technique can cause a number of side effects: headache, lethargy, nausea, swelling, cough, sore throat, anaphylactic shock, thrombocytopenia.
In children, the drug zodak can cause a feeling of fatigue, can also occur a paradoxical reaction in the form of excessive arousal. Due to the possibility of adverse reactions leading to reduced psychomotor skills, caution should be exercised in cycling and other mechanical devices intended for children.
Unlike previous drugs, zirtek reduces side effects to a minimum. Patients may complain of drowsiness and dry mouth. In children with a frequency of ≥1%, diarrhea, drowsiness, runny nose, fatigue were observed when using zyrtek.
In most countries, Zyrtec and Zodak are sold without a prescription, which indicates the evaluation of drugs as completely safe.
Zodak: instructions for use for children
- Adults and teenagers from 12 years: 1 tablet 1 time per day. 10 mg (20 drops) once a day.
- Children from 6 to 12 years: half a tablet 2 times a day or 1 tablet 1 time a day. 5 ml (10 drops) twice a day.
- Children aged 2 to 6 years: 2.5 mg (5 drops) twice a day.
Zyrtec for children: instructions for use
- Adults and children after 12 years: 10 mg (10 ml) 1 time per day.
- Children 6 to 12 years old% 5 mg (5 ml) twice a day.
- Children from 2 to 6 years: 2. 5 mg (2.5 ml) twice a day.
But your doctor can reduce the dose, and the dosage will be determined on a case-by-case basis.
- Food allergies in a child: symptoms and treatment
- Allergy to apples in children
- Banana allergy in children
Zyrtec and zodak desirable to take in the evening, regardless of power. The dosage is determined by the doctor. The drug is stopped several days before skin testing.