Most people do not consider a cold to be a dangerous disease. Many simply buy nasal drops or spray or wait for the inflammatory process to complete without treatment. And only when the discharge from the nose changes color, patients begin to think about their problem. Why does an adult have yellow snot and how does it threaten?
In the process of developing inflammation, discharge from the nasopharynx changes color depending on the stage of the disease, the state of the body. Drawing attention to the shade of snot, you can find out how serious the disease and what measures need to be taken.
Yellow snot in an adult: causes
Isolation of such "colors" is a symptom of an infection affecting the nasal mucosa or the paranasal sinuses. This color of mucus in the organ of smell is due to the elimination of dead bacteria and leukocytes from the body. If untreated, pus can go. Therefore, if precious time is missed, it is urgent to contact an otolaryngologist. Yellow or yellow-green snot in an adult stand out with:
- bacterial rhinitis (runny nose) in the second stage of the disease - at the first they are transparent;
- viral infections;
The development of such diseases, in turn, may indicate low immunity or severe hypothermia.
Bright yellow snot in an adult indicates the imminent completion of the disease. But it is a mistake to think that once recovery is close, then the use of medicines is unnecessary. If we are talking about a common viral or bacterial cold (rhinitis), it is possible that the immune system will cope on its own. But the risk is not worth it, otherwise a runny nose can be replaced by a form of sinusitis. With the already developed inflammation of the maxillary sinuses inactivity will lead to chronic, intractable nasopharyngeal disease. About complications after rhinitis shows the release of yellow mucus from the nose for several weeks.
Also, yellow snot in an adult is not uncommon in the case of constant smoking, because nicotine is able to paint the nasal mucus yellow without the “interference” of bacteria and, moreover, make it thick and stingy.
A runny nose, unrelated to infection or the common cold, often worries people during the flowering of plants - an allergic reaction is to blame. In this case, the mucus is stained yellowish pollen, but retains a liquid consistency.
How to get rid of "color" discharge?
Only a doctor can prescribe medication according to the patient’s condition. Antibiotics are used to combat harmful bacteria. Recently, the following drugs are often prescribed:
In addition, Protargol, a colloidal solution of silver that destroys bacteria and fungi, is made to order in pharmacies (not all).
If a runny nose occurs due to a virus, such means are quite effective:
Many actively use vasoconstrictor drops, for example, Nazol, Noksprey, Rinazolin, as these drugs quickly normalize breathing. Remember: narrowing the blood vessels will only relieve swelling of the nasal mucosa, making the patient feel better, but will not destroy the microbes that caused the disease. In addition, such drops can be used only strictly following the dosages specified in the instructions, otherwise the swelling, on the contrary, will increase.
When allergic rhinitis is most often in the recipes of patients can be seen:
Very effective in the case of seasonal allergy Nazaval spray. This tool for a certain period protects the surface of the nasal mucosa, not allowing allergens to be in the blood.
As for the cold in smokers, one should not delude ourselves with false hopes: against such an illness only one cure is to give up the bad habit.
Folk hospital against the common cold
If an adult has yellow snot, the causes of which are rooted in a cold, treatment with folk remedies will help to get rid of nasal congestion within 2-3 days. It can be instilled 3 times a day, 2-3 drops half-diluted with boiled water of room temperature with fresh juice:
- Aloe with honey (the plant must be "older" 3 years).
The nasal sinuses are also heated by a warm boiled chicken egg, heated salt or sand in a bag. Inhalation with boiled potatoes or eucalyptus will help you to feel much better.
Physiological solution for washing the nasopharynx
- In 0.5 liters of warm water, add 2.5 g of kitchen or sea salt.
- Stir until the crystals completely dissolve.
- Rinse the nasal cavity with this solution 4-5 times a day.
- Pour 40 g of black currant jam in a glass with hot water and mix.
- Drink juice 5-6 times a day.
If an adult has yellow snot flowing, no need to wait until they disappear by themselves. Even the usual cold needs timely treatment - in order to avoid complications. If nasal discharge continues for more than 7-10 days, then the process is aggravated by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, and the visit to the clinic cannot be postponed.