They say it is better to be healthy and rich than poor and sick. Health needs to be taken care of, all the time, not periods. One of the ways of such care is prevention. Many diseases are caused by worms. To avoid such misfortune, the prevention of worms in adults with drugs has recently become topical.
Drug prevention of helminthiasis: the pros and cons
Worms - parasitic at the expense of other organisms worms, which are called helminths. There are about 250 species of parasites. Anyway, they can get inside our body and use it as their habitat and food. These creatures can be found in the human digestive tract, lymphatic and circulatory system, internal organs and other tissues of the body.
Infection of this type of pathogenic microorganisms, known as helminthiasis, can provoke a wide range of health problems. For example, rheumatism, arthritis, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, depression. As a result of their vital activity, parasites secrete toxic substances, which leads to a decrease in immunity.
Why are we talking about prevention? Today, subsidiary farms are being developed on a massive scale for raising farm animals, and when growing vegetables and herbs for fertilizer, unrefined manure is used. All this not only leads to soil pollution and the fact that it grows, but also contributes to the penetration of helminths in meat and other products. Therefore, a high probability of infection of any person. And since the treatment of acute helminthiasis is rather troublesome, many doctors recommend prevention. Antihelminthic prophylactic course is best done in the second half of spring or late autumn before frost. The essence of prophylaxis consists in the complex therapy with antihelminthic drugs, which we will discuss later.
But there are opponents of this approach. The fact is that the drugs of such a plan are quite toxic, so their use "just in case", when there is no evidence for it, will not bring health benefits. Moreover, the probability of infection with worms can be reduced by simply observing basic hygiene rules:
- Wash your hands after working in the garden with the soil, after playing a ball, before eating. You can significantly reduce the risk of worms in the stomach by washing your hands after using the toilet. Make it a rule to wash your hands before contact with food.
- Wash vegetables, fruits, and herbs in running water, followed by boiling water before drinking.
- Limit the use of raw water, especially from open water.
- Refuse from eating meat, primarily pork, and fish that have not undergone sufficient heat treatment.
- De-worming your pet.
Drug prevention of helminthiasis can be justified if there is an infected person among the family members. Prophylactic antihelminthic treatment differs from the therapeutic course in the dosage of the drug and the duration of therapy.
How to prevent the appearance of worms in adults: medications
Now briefly about the most effective drugs for preventive purposes.
Available in the form of tablets with the content of the active substance, which is levamisole hydrochloride, 50 and 150 mg. It acts against parasites in the gastrointestinal tract that violate the enzyme system - ascaris, duodenal nematodes. The dosage of the drug is determined by the doctor. As a preventive measure for an adult, a single intake of 150 mg is enough. Side effects:
- abdominal pain;
- headache or dizziness.
It is contraindicated to use when breastfeeding, children up to three years, with liver diseases. Given the side effects, it is necessary to take a careful approach to driving and other mechanisms. While taking the drug should exclude alcohol. The experience of use in pregnant women is insufficient, therefore a medical consultation is needed. Favorable time for taking the medicine is in the evening after eating with a small amount of liquid.
Dosage form - suspension of 15 ml, tablets of 250 and 125 mg. It affects the worms at an early stage of development, inhibiting their motor functions. It is used for the specific treatment and prevention of ascaris, pinworms, parasitic worms.
The prophylactic dose in the form of a single dose is set by the doctor. Take the medicine you need inside the morning after meals. Chew tablets before swallowing.
The drug has practically no side effects, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea are extremely rare. It is contraindicated during pregnancy. The decision on the appointment of the drug is a doctor, he also determines the dosage.
It has a wide spectrum of action and is indicated for ascariasis, enterobiasis, ankylostomidosis, as well as for the mixed etiology of helminthiasis. The damaging effect is directed only to the parasites, the drug is almost completely excreted from the body, without being absorbed into the intestine.
The drug is produced in the form of tablets of 100 mg. For prophylactic purposes, one tablet is prescribed once. With prolonged use, the following side effects are noted:
The drug is contraindicated in patients with a liver, children under two years of age, pregnant and breastfeeding.
Even with modern methods of diagnosis, which allows you to identify all forms of helminthiasis, often cases of helminthic invasion remain undisclosed. A person sometimes has no idea that he was attacked by parasites. That is why in order to avoid severe forms of helminthiasis and its complications, periodic prevention is necessary. And what will it be - medicinal or everyday all-hygienic, you decide. The main thing - to prevent the disease!