Since childhood, every person is familiar with the vaccine mantou and everyone knows that in no case can it be wet. At the same time, almost no one knows why it was this ban on simple water. And nevertheless, what will happen if she accidentally gets wet? To get answers to these questions, it is necessary to become more familiar with what constitutes manta and why it is made.
Vaccination Mantoux: Is it possible to wet it?
Inoculation of mantoux or tuberculin test is the reaction of the human body to the introduction of tuberculin (this is a drug that was produced from purified products of tuberculous bacilli). Thanks to the conduct of such a test, it is possible to establish whether there is a tubercle bacillus in the body or not. If the reaction is positive, it means that the child has previously had contact with this infection, which is in his body. A negative reaction indicates that a person has not previously encountered a disease such as tuberculosis.
Therefore, we can conclude that this test makes it possible to determine the development of tuberculosis in the early stages. This vaccination is done once a year. The fact is that it is very easy to become infected with tuberculosis today, so it is necessary to regularly undergo tests and to monitor the child’s condition with special attention.
The Mantoux reaction is carried out as follows - under the skin, into the inner part of the forearm, using a special tuberculin syringe with a short needle, injects a certain dose of the drug (exactly 1 g). Then on the hand will remain a papule or a small button, which is a characteristic indicator. After vaccination, a nurse should warn you how much it is forbidden to wet manta (3 days).
After 72 hours after vaccination, the child should appear to a specialist who will check the diameter of the papule with a simple ruler, after which the result will be compared with the normal values.
If the result is negative, then the papule size is about 0-1 mm. In case of a positive test, the diameter of the button will be more than 5 mm, and there is also a rather reddening of the skin around it. There is the likelihood and manifestations of the so-called doubtful reaction, in which the size of the papule will be from 2 to 4 mm, and the area of hypertension is much larger. Such a result may indicate that there is an excessive amount of tubercle bacilli in the human body, that is, it exceeds the established norm. Such a result may indicate the onalichiii individual propensity of the organism to such a reaction.
On the basis of one or several tests, a diagnosis of tuberculosis is not made, since for this it is necessary to undergo an examination and a phthisiatrician, after which a fluorography examination is prescribed. If in children, once a year manta is constantly showing a dubious reaction, they are among the applicants for BCG revaccination.
How many days can not wet Mantoux?
Many parents become very nervous due to the fact that the child accidentally wet the manta. First you need to calm down and not panic, because you first need to wait for the final result. You can independently assess the state of the vaccination - in the event that before going to the doctor you noticed that the button increased significantly in size and became more than 5 mm in diameter, the skin around it became very red, you must inform the doctor that the vaccine was wetted. The doctor will have to record this in the patient's card, since a manta test can give a false positive result. At the same time, in almost all cases, the children wet the mantle, and the water that got on the inoculation has absolutely no negative effect on the final result of the test.
What happens if you wet Mantoux?
Doctors insist that it is impossible to wet the mantle, because as a result of water falling on the vaccine, there is a possibility of infection, since it may contain an infection. It is also possible the development of an unpredictable reaction - the appearance of a strong swelling, hyperergic test, hyperemia. As a result, the mantamoz reaction is considered doubtful and re-vaccination will be needed. Also, a similar reaction is possible even if the papule is sealed with a plaster before bathing, with intensive rubbing of the skin with a washcloth or with soap.
At the same time, if the child accidentally wet the vaccine, the above reactions may not occur, and the manta will be negative. Consequently, in the event of a normal reaction, no one may even find out about such a small misunderstanding. At the same time, doctors recommend not to take risks and not to create such conditions, that is, not to allow the child to bathe for 3 days, since after this very period the vaccination check will be carried out.
So that worried parents do not worry about the fact that the child accidentally soaked the vaccine, there are several useful and effective tips that help to act correctly for 3 days, until the manta test is carried out:
Do not deprive the child of the necessary water procedures. The fact is that it is much more dangerous if the dirt gets directly to the injection site, since, once under the skin, there is a risk of developing a dangerous infection.
For 3 days, it is not necessary for the child to take a shower or bath, but you must wash your hands regularly.
In no case can you rub the area where the vaccine was given. The same rule applies not only to children's fingers, with which they can comb and scratch manta, but also a washcloth. As a result of such actions there is the likelihood of severe redness and compaction in this area.
In the event that the child is allergic, in no case during these 3 days you should not allow contact with allergens that can provoke a strong attack from him. It is necessary to protect the baby from contact with domestic animals, vegetables, fruits and citrus fruits, as well as red berries, synthetic fibers, and other potentially dangerous substances.
If, nevertheless, there is a reaction in the form of condensation and redness, you should consult a doctor. The most commonly prescribed use of an antihistamine over several days. It is not necessary to carry out such manipulations independently, so as not to aggravate the condition of the child.
In the event that your baby is at risk or has previously had contact with a person suffering from tuberculosis, under the condition of improper and inadequate nutrition, and also lives in poor conditions, most likely redness of manta and the skin around it occurs not only for contact with water. This can justify the worst fears.
If the child accidentally wet the vaccination with water from the tap and in the pond, there is a chance that the infection will start, as the dirt gets directly under the skin at the puncture site. As a result, there is the likelihood of redness of the skin and the appearance of compaction. This will need to be reported to the doctor, who on the 3rd day after vaccination conducts an examination of manta.
Most of the parents, after the child accidentally soaks the manta, begin to glue plasters on it or bandage the arm with a bandage, and someone decides to use a variety of disinfectants, solutions or ointments. But we must remember that such actions will not have a positive effect on the state of manta, even under the condition that there is no tuberculosis in the body.
Do not be afraid to just wet the vaccine manta, because of this, the child can not get sick with tuberculosis. To get rid of all fears, you need to carry out x-rays (x-rays). The need for such an examination is determined by the doctor, after examining the vaccine. In almost all cases, doubts and fears of parents are unfounded.
After inoculation of the Mantoux, slight compaction and redness may appear at the injection site. This is not necessarily careless handling of water, as it may be an allergic reaction of the body to the vaccine injected. If the child is at risk and may have been in contact with a sick person, on the 3rd day, after examining manta, it is necessary to follow the doctor’s instructions in order to rule out the possibility of tuberculosis.