Everyone knows that the product of the urinary system - urine. In a normal structure, it is transparent, yellow in color. What to do if white flakes appear in the urine? What diseases can this indicate? Let's look at these issues together.
Why do white flakes appear in urine?
The presence of pathologies in the urinary system can be determined by the results of urine analysis. In the urine of a healthy person there are no leukocytes, acetone, protein and other substances. The appearance of white flakes suggests that proteins are contained in urine. The cause of the release of protein from the body are most often infectious diseases of the urinary organs:
- acute urethritis;
- common cystitis.
Symptoms of acute urethritis
Urethritis of acute form can be of two types: anterior and posterior. In order to determine the specific type of disease and diagnosis, an analysis is carried out, the essence of which is as follows:
- the first part of urine is collected in one jar, the second part is collected in another;
- if in the tank No. 1 there are clots of white consistency and suppuration is the anterior urethritis (the cause may be damage to the prostate, bladder and kidneys);
- if white flakes are found in the tank under No. 2, then it is an acute posterior urethritis.
Acute urethritis is accompanied by burning sensation, soreness and cramps in bowel movements. In the early stages of development, the discomfort may be insignificant and not cause much discomfort.
Symptoms of pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is an inflammatory infection of the kidneys. It can also occur with injuries of the hip organs and urolithiasis. Especially often white flakes in the urine, as a result of pyelonephritis, occur in women. The reason for this is the physiological structure of the woman's body: the proximity of the location of the vagina and the length of the urethra.
The development of pyelonephritis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- increased body temperature;
- nausea and vomiting;
- lower back pain;
- burning sensation when urinating;
- weakness, headache;
- excessive sweating.
Inflammatory processes of the mucous membrane of the bladder in medicine are called cystitis. At the risk of infection are most often women, men get sick much less often. Causes of infectious processes in the bladder can be:
- infection of the ureter (chlamydia, ureaplasma, Escherichia coli);
- circulatory disorders of the bladder walls;
- severe hypothermia;
- reduced immunity;
- eating spicy foods;
Cystitis is accompanied by frequent urge to urinate, body temperature up to 38 ° C, severe cutting pain in the bladder and perineum, the appearance of white flakes in the urine, nausea and vomiting.
In addition to the above diseases, white flakes in the urine may indicate the development of such pathologies:
- for men, for prostate disease and balanoposthitis;
- for women, for bacterial vaginosis.
White flakes in the urine during pregnancy: possible causes
As it turned out, the protein in the urine should not be contained. But the body of a pregnant woman carries double loads, so doctors allow its presence in amounts up to 0.14 g / l.
The doctors monitor the future mom's state of health especially carefully, so the urine test is taken every two weeks. If after laboratory studies revealed a one-time increase in protein, then you should not worry. When white flakes are constantly in the urine, the woman is most often sent to the hospital.
Heightened levels of protein can be exacerbated by chronic diseases in the pregnant woman’s body that were not cured before conception, as well as impaired kidney function, urinary canal, allergies, etc.
The most dangerous for pregnant is preeclampsia. Such a diagnosis is made if the patient has the following symptoms:
- white flakes in urine;
- puffiness and excess weight;
- increased blood pressure.
In case of preeclampsia, a woman may feel normally, and the disease at this time is rapidly developing: headache, vomiting and nausea appear, and convulsions may begin.
We should not forget that the increase in the protein content in the body and the appearance of white flakes in the urine of women during pregnancy can be for quite natural reasons. For example, on the eve of the test, foods with a high content of protein were eaten or a stressful state or physical stress was transferred.
A woman carrying a child needs to be more careful about her body.
What does such a symptom mean in a child?
Children often do not know how to properly collect urine for analysis, so parents should monitor this process. First of all, the baby must be thoroughly undermined.
If, despite all the observed rules for collecting urine, white flakes are found in it, the reason is most likely in the inflammatory processes of the urinary system. In this case, it is necessary to pass tests urgently, until the developing disease has passed into the advanced stage.
How to pass a urine test?
To diagnose the presence of protein in the urine can only be through laboratory studies. To do this, conduct daily urine sampling, which can be done both in stationary and at home. The total time for collecting urine is 24 hours. The best time to start collecting is 6 am. At the end of the intake, the total amount of collected fluid is measured. All contents are mixed and poured into a clean sterile 50 ml container for laboratory analysis.
During the daily collection of urine is very important to adhere to the following rules:
- Be sure to follow the rules and standards of intimate hygiene.
- Give up any physical activity.
- Follow the diet.
- Discard medications (only with the permission of the attending physician).
Daily urinalysis allows you to accurately determine the presence of protein.
In order not to miss possible health problems, you need to carefully monitor the condition of your body. If you find that white flakes have appeared in the urine, and its color has changed, then immediately consult a doctor. Be healthy!