Respiratory diseases are common among young children. About a third of hospitalizations during the first year of life are associated with respiratory problems. Colds, flu, croup are respiratory pathologies that can cause a lot of trouble to parents. Consider wheezing in the lungs without a child's temperature: causes and treatment.
What can be caused by wheezing in the lungs?
A symptom, like wheezing in the chest, appears when the air inhaled or exhaled from the lungs encounters an obstruction in the form of mucus, sputum, or blood. Wheezing can also occur as a result of narrowing of the bronchial lumen. But let's get everything in order.
So, the main causes of wheezing in the lungs include:
- cold and runny nose, flu;
- inflammatory diseases - bronchitis or pneumonia;
- pulmonary asthma;
The occurrence of wheezing in the lungs with a cough, but without fever can mean the hidden nature of inflammation, damage to the bronchi, asthma, or the presence of a tumor.
Rattles can be of different types, depending on this and signs of pathology. So, dry rales usually accompany the initial stage of the disease when bronchial edema occurs due to inflammation or spasm of the bronchial lumen. They can be accompanied by a whistle.
Wet rales are the result of accumulation of a certain amount of fluid in the bronchi. When the air flow passes through the sputum, bubbles form, creating the effect of wet wheeze. This happens with chronic bronchitis, pulmonary edema, or asthma. According to the size of the affected bronchi, there are large, medium and fine bubbling rales.
Depending on when wheezing is heard when breathing in a child, their types are distinguished:
- inspiratory rales - during inspiration;
- expiratory - during expiration.
Possible pathologies and their treatment
The problem is that the appearance of such a symptom as wheezing in the chest, we owe a whole bunch of diseases. Let us briefly consider only those that can occur without an increase in body temperature in a child.
This is a viral infection that causes inflammation of the trachea and larynx. Barking cough is one of the symptoms of croup. Sometimes a child may have a fever. Children are more susceptible to croup at the age of six months to three years.
Doctors make the following recommendations, which you should follow if your child has croup:
- Try to calm the baby to restore breathing. Breathing will be easier, and you can continue to fight the disease.
- Bring the child to the cold air. This can reduce swelling of the throat.
- When breathing is critically difficult and it looks as if the child is choking, and also if his skin turns blue, immediately call the ambulance. As an emergency measure, try to inject epinephrine in order to open the airway.
This is an infection of the lungs, which is mainly caused by a respiratory syncytial virus. It spreads through airborne droplets and infects more than 90% of all children during the first two years of life. Symptoms of infection include a runny nose, shortness of breath, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, a cough that can be accompanied by mucus, and in some cases fever.
The bronchioles swell from the infection - the walls of the small airways that are in the lungs. Because of the swelling, they contract, causing difficulty breathing. Here are some tips on how to alleviate the condition of a child with bronchiolitis:
- Give him a warm drink to relieve coughing and ease his breathing.
- Steam inhalation.
- Using warm, lightly salted water or saline, clear the nose of mucus.
- Give your baby a small amount of breast milk or infant formula at regular intervals.
- Ventilate the children's room often. Do not allow anyone to smoke near your child, as this may aggravate his wheezing.
If your baby's breathing is too difficult, he often breathes (more than 60 breaths per minute), and his lips and skin become bluish in color, you should immediately consult a doctor.
This is an infection of the lungs that causes their inflammation. At the same time, the lungs secrete additional fluids that accumulate in the airways. We list the early symptoms of pneumonia:
- tachypnea - fast breathing;
- wet wheezing when you exhale;
- retracting the chest muscles into the intercostal space during inhalation;
- cyanosis: lips and skin of bluish color.
Antibiotics will be prescribed for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia. Your child will feel better after 24-48 hours from the start of therapy. During this period, despite the improvement of the condition, it is important not to interrupt antibiotic treatment in order to avoid complications. The duration of antibiotic therapy is from 5 to 10 days.
Antibiotics do not help in case of viral pneumonia. To alleviate the condition, the doctor may suggest symptomatic treatment. It is important to know that in pneumonia one cannot use antitussive drugs without prescription.
It should be understood that any pathology that is accompanied by wheezing in the lungs is dangerous. With late treatment, many diseases become chronic. And if you do not want to aggravate the condition of your child, then it is better to set aside home treatment and folk remedies and apply wheezing for medical help.