Hyperthermia (fever) is a symptom of many different diseases. Parents often try to immediately reduce the numbers on the thermometer to normal values. What temperature should be knocked down in a child? The nuances of the answer to this question should be known to everyone who does not wish to harm his child.
High temperature is no reason to panic.
Newborns and children up to 3 years old, despite the heightened care of their parents, are still subject to negative environmental effects. Young moms react to hyperthermia in a baby as a serious danger. Indeed, fever can warn about the development of pathological processes, so a visit to the doctor should not be postponed. But, if your crumbs have obvious signs of a cold or seasonal flu, and there is no increase in temperature, do not rush to rejoice.
An increase in body temperature is a defensive reaction of the body, indicating that the immune system is activated and interferon is produced. The course of the disease without hyperthermia indicates that immunity is reduced, and no fight against pathogenic bacteria occurs.
To achieve what label temperature can damage the child's body - depends on several factors. First of all, focus on the state of health of the baby before the illness. If before the onset of a runny nose and cough, the child was really sturdy, then, having seen on the thermometer less than 38.5 ° C, do not rush to flee to the pharmacy. Heat of lower intensity is not critical for internal organs and body systems. Moreover, bacteria that could die from exposure to heat, will continue to develop and cause inflammatory processes. As a result, you will have to apply a whole range of medicines that have far from harmless side effects. Give the child's body the chance to cope with the threat on its own, to make the necessary antibodies. Your anxiety and artificial lowering of temperature can trigger:
- reduced immunity;
- drug poisoning;
- disease progression.
Answering the question, what temperature should be shot down in a child, Komarovsky, a famous pediatrician of the highest category, emphasized the following. Folk observations that children, deprived of parental attention, suffer 4 days less than children of suspicious parents have a practical justification. The amount of interferon on the third day of the disease reaches the maximum level, because most ARVIs go through three days. If the temperature is reduced, the antibodies will fight the virus for about a week. Dr. Komarovsky strongly recommends that in children without concomitant diseases not bring down the temperature below 38.5 ° C, but take into account the individual characteristics of the child as much as possible. One child remains active at high temperatures, and the other feels very bad with a slight deviation from the norm - he needs appropriate medications.
When is a temperature increase dangerous?
You should not stay idle when hyperthermia occurs, if the baby had to move before:
- febrile seizures;
- pathology of the nervous system;
- cardiovascular diseases.
In this case, the intersection of the 38 ° C plate is an indication for the use of antipyretic drugs.
What temperature should be shot down in an infant, it is necessary to ask even in the hospital, to learn about the features of thermoregulation of newborns. Immediately after birth, the baby is considered to have a normal temperature of 37.5 ° C-38 ° C. By the end of the day, the temperature decreases by 1.5 degrees, and by the end of the week it stops at the mark of 37 ° C. If the baby becomes sluggish, lethargic, refuses breast or mixture, you need to measure the temperature. Seeing that the scale of the thermometer is above 37.5 ° C, apply antipyretics and consult a doctor.
Children older than 6 months are fully capable of transferring fever to 38.5 ° C, and a rise in temperature will help them overcome the disease. So, if the answer is, what temperature should be beaten down to a child under one year is ambiguous, because until the age of 6 months the child’s body is weaker and less adapted to the environment, then what temperature should be beaten down to a child 3 years and older - this is determined on a general basis.
How to measure the temperature of children?
Sometimes parents unsuccessfully try to find out the cause of hyperthermia in a child, not paying attention to the fact that the room is hot enough. When overheating babies may appear:
- temperature rise.
Therefore, put the thermometer in a warm but not hot room, do not measure the temperature immediately after:
- hygiene procedures;
To obtain reliable indicators, it is important which method of temperature measurement you have chosen. If the temperature is not measured in the armpit, the numbers on the ear and oral thermometers should be 1–1.5 degrees higher.
Time to dial an ambulance number if:
- high numbers last more than 3 days;
- the child feels weak, sleepy, disoriented in space;
- a rash appeared on the skin;
- breathing is difficult;
- there are digestive disorders;
- the baby had a seizure.
Ways to combat hyperthermia
Before resorting to medical methods to reduce the temperature, try a safer physical.
- Remove excess clothing from your baby, after making sure that there are no drafts in the room.
- Drink water or compote at room temperature.
- Wipe off with a damp towel.
Remember: in no case do not add vinegar or alcohol to the water for wiping, as these substances penetrate the delicate skin of children and can cause chemical poisoning! In the case of low efficiency of physical methods, use paracetamol and ibuprofen.
So, what temperature should be shot down in a child depends on the characteristics of the child’s body, the general state of health of the boy or girl, the current state of health. Be careful, but do not overdo it in the treatment, because, paradoxically, it sounds, fever is the way to recovery.