We all know about the benefits of dairy and dairy products. The phrase "Children drink milk - you will be healthy!" repeatedly confirmed its value. But milk is not the only dairy product of animal origin. On its basis are produced: kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese and cheeses, cream and sour cream, yogurt and whey, as well as a wearer.
What is this drink?
The popular electronic encyclopedia Wikipedia gives the following explanation: ryazhenka is a sour milk drink, obtained by lactic fermentation of cow's baked milk. It seems everything is clear. And what kind of baked milk is it?
Baked milk will be in the process of its long-term heating. It is as if "languishing", but it does not boil. A few hours later, it turns out, "baked" milk drink. Here it is then made ryazhenka.
For ferment, because ryazhenka should become a fermented milk, thermophilic lactic acid bacteria are used. After 3-6 hours, the drink is ready to drink.
The difference between kefir and ryazhenka
We widely demand 2 fermented milk drinks - ryazhenka and kefir. Perhaps the last in popularity beats all records. This fermented milk product can be found in the menu of many diets and healthy diets, while ryazhenka doesn’t practically say that. The question arises: what is more useful - ryazhenka or kefir?
Undoubtedly, both products are useful. Lactic acid bacteria contained in beverages have a positive effect on the quality of health and human life expectancy. Getting to our body, they come to the aid of our own lactic acid bacteria, enhancing their protective functions.
In the process of ripening these sour-milk beverages, different technologies are used. As we have already learned, in order to make ryazhenka, milk must first be “crushed” and only then subjected to fermentation. Kefir is obtained from whole milk without prior "languishing", but also in the process of fermentation.
Hence, the first difference is the quality of raw materials (milk). The second is a set of components for the leaven. When receiving ryazhenka in raw materials add thermophilic streptococci and acidophilic bacilli. And the fermentation of kefir is due to the connection of yeast, milk-acetic bacteria (more than 20 items in total).
And yet, kefir or ryazhenka - which is more useful? Experts say of these two sour-milk beverages healthier ryazhenka. And all because in the process of a long "languor" in the milk almost no extraneous bacteria remained.
The composition of ryazhenka
In ryazhenka, as in all dairy products, contains one of the most important "building" elements for our skeleton - calcium. So, in 1 tbsp. drink its amount is equivalent to the daily intake of this substance.
Another important element is phosphorus. Having drunk a glass of ryazhenka, you will receive 20% of the daily norm of phosphorus.
The quality of proteins contained in ryazhenka is much higher than in plain milk, which in turn affects their digestibility.
Lactic acids help to normalize the microflora of the stomach and intestines, improve the functioning of the digestive tract, increase appetite. On caloric content, ryazhenka exceeds kefir indicators (which is of great importance for a growing organism). On average, its performance is 40-85 kcal (depending on the composition of fats).
Other substances include:
- vitamins B1, B2, A, C and PP;
- macro and microelements;
- mono- and disaccharides;
- organic and unsaturated fatty acids;
Ryazhenka: benefit and harm
Due to its composition and easy digestibility, ryazhenka certainly has a number of useful properties. True, this cannot be said with absolute certainty, because in some cases one should refrain from consuming it.
Useful or harmful ryazhenka at night? A glass of ryazhenka is quite suitable for pacifying the feeling of hunger, fast saturation or as an easy dinner. But due to their caloric value, nutritionists advise not to lean on the drink if you intend to lose weight.
About the dangers of the product can speak, if we consider a list of contraindications. So it is not advisable to use the drink for people with gastric ulcers and gastritis with high acidity. It is forbidden to use ryazhenka to those who are allergic to milk. By the way, intolerance affects all derivatives. Even in small quantities, milk can cause discomfort, bloating and even the urge to vomit.
On this list of harmful effects is exhausted. We now turn to the question: how is ryazhenka useful?
Ryazhenka is easily digested. It is recommended to use for those who have calcium deficiency. Replenishing the reserves of this substance, it protects the body from the development of osteoporosis and other disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Drink favors the work of the digestive tract, normalizes the functionality of the kidneys.
By the way, ryazhenka got into the list of recommended food products of women during gestation (pregnancy). It is the most harmless unique source of calcium.
Lactic acids stimulate the appetite, which is often used in the children's menu and as part of the dietary table of the rehabilitation period after various diseases. These same acids are actively fighting pathogenic microflora. A glass of ryazhenka can benefit even after a hearty lunch: all thanks to a set of useful enzymes, amino acids and antibiotic substances.
As therapeutic and preventive measures, yarn is recommended to be used regularly for biliary tract diseases, hypertension, atherosclerosis and other internal pathologies. Certain positive aspects in the fight against obesity (due to the influence on the digestive processes) are also noted. However, in the latter case, it should be remembered that the product is sufficiently high in calories, so abuse in the fight against excess weight is still not welcome.
Riboflavin helps to normalize the body's energy metabolism. It is noticed that the daily use of at least 1 tbsp. Ryazhenka helps to overcome migraine pain.
How to use the product?
Ryazhenka can be drunk just as a milk drink, even sweetening is not necessary. She has a pleasant taste and delicate texture. And adding some berries or fruits can make an excellent milkshake. And if you add a little cottage cheese to the mixture, you get a delicious smoothie. Some housewives use fermented milk product instead of kefir in baking. There are also recipes for cooking sauces and dressings based on ryazhenka.
I also found my display in cosmetology. At home, prepare and use a cosmetic easier than ever:
- facial and body scrub: ryazhenka and table salt;
- face masks: nutritious - ryazhenka and a few drops of essential oil; anti-inflammatory - with oatmeal; tonic - with lemon juice and egg yolk;
- hair mask: a mixture of castor oil and fermented milk drink in a ratio of 1: 1 (aging time on hair for 120 minutes);
- relaxing milk baths: no more than 1 liter of drink is consumed at a time (water temperature is about 40 degrees); procedure duration - 10 min; frequency - a couple of times a week for a month.
Cooking ryazhenka themselves
- Fresh milk (2 l) bring to a boil.
- On low heat, leave to "languish" for 1.5 hours.
- We keep in the oven for another 20 minutes (until the formation of the film).
- We are waiting until it cools to room temperature.
- Add to the saucepan 75-100 g sour cream.
- Kept warm for 6-8 hours.
- Ready drink store in the refrigerator.
If you have not yet appreciated all the usefulness of ryazhenka, then it's time to look at it more closely. Today, grocery stores offer the buyer a large selection of dairy products, and this drink is present in the range of almost all popular brands. Use it with pleasure and health benefits!