Probably, anyone who has suffered from colds at least once, hatching his turn to see a physician at a city clinic and reading a medical card, asked himself the question - what is the difference between ORZ and ARVI. Let's try to figure it out.
ORZ and ARVI - what is it?
What is the difference between acute respiratory viral infections and acute respiratory infections in principle can be seen from the abbreviated name of the disease. In both cases, an acute course of respiratory pathology occurs, that is, the respiratory organs are covered. What, then, is the difference between ARI and ARVI?
By the abbreviation of acute respiratory disease refers to diseases that lead to inflammatory processes in the respiratory organs of a person and not only. They have an acute nature of the course of the disease and a clear manifestation of symptoms due to the effect on the body of bacteria, viruses, fungi, that is, there is no dependence on etiology.
ARVI is fixated only on one agent - the virus. This is the most common opportunity in the world to get sick. SARS include such diseases:
- human respiratory syncytial virus;
- adenoviruses, etc.
The main route of infection in both cases is airborne. This is the reason for quite frequent outbreaks. For diagnosis, information about the pathogen, which is obtained by conducting special studies. It takes some time, which is acceptable for chronic pathology.
In the case of a common cold, as long as the test results are ready, the disease will disappear. If an acute pathology is observed, a quick and effective treatment is necessary. Often, an organism weakened by a virus also affects a bacterial infection, which ultimately makes it possible for doctors to identify the patient’s condition as ORZ.
Continuing the theme of the differences between acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections, the influence of hypothermia on the occurrence of the first disease can be noted. In the second case, the penetration of the virus and its effect on the human body is of overwhelming importance.
We study the symptoms
Heterogeneity and prevalence of respiratory infections often require a differentiated approach to diagnosis and clarification of the cause of the disease. Determining how ARVI differs from acute respiratory infections is quite difficult for the symptoms.
The main features inherent in both diseases are:
- nasal congestion, copious mucus;
- sore throat, mucositis;
- headache with pain in the eyeballs;
- general malaise.
When a viral infection mucus is separated from the nose, it is transparent, and when it is bacterial, a yellow or green tint with pus appears. Similar to the color characteristics of expectorant sputum. The cough can go through a transformation from dry to wet and just be a cough or be hysterical. Also, a bacterial disease manifests itself as a white patina in the throat and inflammation of the mucous membrane.
Both the diseases in question are characterized by an increase in body temperature and the development of comorbidities - bronchitis, pneumonia, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, etc. That is why an experienced medical specialist is needed to prescribe the correct treatment.
Features of influenza virus
What is the difference between flu and acute respiratory viral infections and acute respiratory infections? Separately pay attention to this virus. In general, the flu is a representative of ARVI, which has a tendency to manifest itself in the form of epidemics and pandemics. The virus is classified into three serotypes: A, B, C.
The difference between influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections is the presence of special drugs for the treatment of this virus, such as Rimantadine, Zanamivir, Oseltamivir, and the possibility of vaccination as a preventive measure.
Medical science indicates that one of the main initial manifestations of the flu is a sharp jump in body temperature to high values, accompanied by symptoms such as:
- headache and muscle pain;
- feeling cold and trembling in the muscles;
- feeling of general fatigue;
- dry nasopharynx;
- chest pain and cough.
Viral infection of influenza is characterized by an increased risk of serious complications.
How to treat acute respiratory infections and SARS?
The difference, than to treat acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections, is the ineffectiveness of the use of antibacterial drugs against viruses. Therapy in both cases is symptomatic, including the administration of such pharmaceutical preparations:
- nonsteroidal antipyretic drugs;
- vitamin-containing drugs;
- vasoconstrictor drops and sprays;
- cough medicines;
- means containing vitamin C.
Also, the patient is recommended to drink plenty of bed and bed rest. Perhaps the appointment of a doctor antiviral drugs or antibacterial agents, depending on the pathogen.
Care must be taken when using complex preparations - multicomponent products containing dosed parts of several drugs. For example, drugs that include acetylsalicylic acid are unacceptable for children under the age of fifteen due to a wide range of undesirable effects. This should be taken into account, since for the most part multicomponent symptomatic remedies are implemented without a prescription.
In conclusion, it should be noted that when symptoms of acute respiratory infections or acute respiratory viral infections appear, it is necessary to go to the hospital and not to endure the disease on the legs. So you can avoid complications and prevent further spread of infection at home and at work.
Do not forget about preventive measures. Vaccination with threats of epidemics, the use of immunostimulating drugs, preventing hypothermia, especially in the autumn-winter period, airing the premises and a healthy lifestyle will help you protect yourself from germs. Be healthy!