WHO refers to a vegetarian diet with paradoxical inconsistency, which is somewhat discouraging. The fact is that according to studies under the auspices of this organization from 1989, a vegetarian diet is recognized to be quite healthy and "adequate." However, other studies by WHO experts from 1990 state that animal protein must be present in the diet of a healthy person. Attitudes toward vegetarianism are ambiguous even among specialists. Agree, the time gap between these studies is too small, so that it would be possible to write off discrepancies on the evolution of scientific views.
And what about the doctors?
In fact, the situation with contradictory WHO data is very indicative - it perfectly reflects the attitude to vegetarianism in medicine, and indeed in the world as a whole. So to speak, recognizing the benefits of a vegetable diet, most experts point out its significant shortcomings. The biggest criticism is caused by orthodox vegetarianism or veganism, the essence of which is the complete abandonment of any animal products, as well as dishes prepared with their participation.
Perennial veganism leads to a deficiency in the body of iron, calcium, zinc, vitamins B2, B12, D, as well as some essential amino acids, of which there is very little or no in plant foods. Official medicine claims that, despite the high content of calcium, iron, zinc and copper in herbal products, their digestibility leaves much to be desired.
As a result of the shortage of vital substances, protein deficiency, dysbiosis, and hypovitaminosis can be observed. Contraindications to vegans are: children, adolescents, pregnant women and nursing mothers, the elderly (especially women during menopause), as well as athletes.
Cons of a vegetarian diet
1. Vital vitamins D and B12 - in sufficient quantities are found only in animal food. Vitamin B12 deficiency causes pathological changes in almost all organs and tissues, especially the nervous system suffers. Vitamin D deficiency leads to brittle bones, deterioration of hair and teeth.
2. The lack of amino acids contained only in meat, eggs and dairy products leads to muscular dystrophy, anemia and brittle bones. This is especially dangerous in childhood.
3. Refusal of dairy products is fraught with a lack of vitamin B2. This is a very important vitamin - it is involved in blood circulation, it is necessary for normal functioning of the thyroid gland and the reproductive organs. Its deficiency greatly affects the general condition of the body, the external manifestations of this is increased fatigue, painful conditions of the mucous membranes and skin.
4. Iodine deficiency, the main sources of which are seafood, affects the state of the thyroid gland.
5. Iron is present in many plant products, but, according to experts, in a form that is difficult to digest. Lack of this element leads to anemia and weakens the body's immune properties.
5. The main source of calcium are dairy products, excluding them from the diet leads to osteoporosis and anemia.
6. When using predominantly cereals, vitamin C deficiency may develop. In children, this provokes growth retardation and the risk of developmental delays, it can also lead to rickets, anemia and other diseases caused by malnutrition.
7. Ophthalmologists point out the danger of veganism - in their opinion, the perennial vegan can be immediately recognized by the eyes. Early cataracts are often found in orthodox vegetarians, because lack of protein in the body leads to the free circulation of poisons, which primarily affect the organs of vision.
Despite the fact that many doctors are against veganism, compromise options such a diet, involving the use of eggs and dairy products are not satisfactory. The style of nutrition of lactic vegetarians (from lat. Lactis - milk, vegetativus - vegetable) and ovactactus vegetarians (from lat. Ovo - egg, lactis - milk, vegetativus - vegetable) even from the point of view of classical medicine does not bear any threats to human health. Flexitarianism is considered the closest to a healthy diet - a diet in which meat, fish and other animal products are introduced in small quantities, but regularly. In this case, the basis of the diet consists of cereals, vegetables and fruits.
Countries and people
It is often said that the style of food should be historically justified. For example, in India and the countries of the east, where the climate allows for year-round harvest, a lot of different fruits and nuts, most of the population are born vegetarians. For them, it is natural. In countries with a more severe climate, the consumption of meat and animal products is not only part of the culture, but also recorded somewhere in the genetic memory. Therefore, the organism of people from their northern latitudes will experience serious overloads during the transition to a vegetarian diet, and for it it can even be harmful and dangerous. (See. Is vegetarianism possible in Russia?)
Especially for womeninahomeoffice.com - Olga Farusy