Recently, more and more people are faced with a variety of heart diseases that have very unpleasant consequences. If you are more familiar with the causes and symptoms of a disease, it is possible to avoid the beginning of its development.
Extrasystoles: what is it?
Extrasystoles are called late heartbeats, they can be triggered by an impulse that occurs much earlier than the set time. Normally, a sinus node will provoke an impulse that causes subsequent cardiac contractions. This node is located in the upper region of the right atrium. The atrioventricular region, as well as the ventricles or the atria, can stimulate the onset of an extraordinary pulse. Approximately 70% of the subjects, during the ECG, can be detected extrasystoles.
As a rule, most often, it is the elderly who suffer from this unpleasant phenomenon. However, at the same time, quite healthy, young people who lead an active lifestyle, regularly play sports and have a strong trained heart can also be at risk. Do not assume that beats is completely safe. Also, like other types of cardiac arrhythmias, this disease is the first and serious sign that something went wrong in the human body, and the help of an experienced doctor is required.
To date, there are only a few methods by which it will be possible to determine the presence of extrasystoles. There is a category of patients who are very attentive to their health, and they can independently determine this pathology. There is a slight fading of the muscular organ, and in the epigastric region a not very strong pulsation may be felt. At the same time, it is worth remembering that such a symptom may not manifest itself at all, because in some patients the disease is without clear signs and a person may not even be aware of health problems.
A cardiogram is required, as only the attending physician can diagnose extrasystoles and determine their number per day. In some cases, an additional comprehensive examination is required.
Someone prefers not to pay any attention at all to such violations and believe that there is nothing terrible or surprising in this small anomaly. But this is a totally wrong opinion. If treatment is neglected, there is a risk of inadequate blood supply to the brain. All this leads to more serious health problems. It is not recommended to try to carry out self-treatment in order not to aggravate your condition.
The main signs of extrasystoles are:
- The patient begins to experience frequent dizziness, feeling of heaviness and other unpleasant sensations in the pericardial region. Some patients claim that they have a feeling that something is turning in their hearts.
- There is a feeling of lack of air, which in turn provokes quite strong panic attacks.
Extrasystoles: the main causes of pathology
As a rule, extrasystoles are felt as a rather strong blow, after which an insignificant heart sinking occurs. At this point, the release of blood from the heart to the tissues and organs is reduced. After the examination, the doctor will be able to determine the presence of extrasystoles and the degree of health hazard.
Rarely, extrasystoles appear in the absence of problems in the work of the cardiovascular system. To provoke the development of this pathology can:
- the presence of inflammatory processes in the heart muscle;
- heart disease;
- myocardial infarction;
The appearance of extrasystoles can occur due to the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, osteochondrosis, certain endocrine disorders, various pathologies associated with the work of the nervous system, arterial hypertension.
In some cases, this pathology appears due to the abuse of smoking, drinking large amounts of coffee and alcohol. Extrasystoles may also occur in completely healthy people, as the rule of times of high physical or mental stress.
If extrasystoles appear after a meal, this is a sure sign that too much has been eaten. In this case, no special treatment is required, you just need to make a power adjustment.
Extrasystoles: treatment of folk remedies
Before you start self-treatment directly using traditional methods, you need to consult with your doctor to prevent unforeseen negative consequences. The following recipes can be used for treatment:
- Hawthorn helps in the treatment of arrhythmia, accompanied by extrasystole. Takes 1 tbsp. l fruits and pounded in a mortar, put into an enamel container and poured 1 tbsp. boiling water, covered with a lid, put on a small fire. Cook until about 2/4 of the original volume remains (the liquid should not boil violently). Ready decoction is taken from 40 drops and up to 1 tsp. the day before the meal. The general course of treatment should not exceed 3 months.
- Dried flowers of hawthorn is useful to brew as a simple tea - 1 tbsp. l flowers on 1 tbsp. boiling water. During the day you need to drink about 3 tbsp. medicinal tea.
- During flowering hawthorn flowers are collected, placed in a glass container, but not tamped and poured to the top with vodka. The container is tightly closed with a lid and left for a fairly dark place for exactly 30 days. Ready tincture need to take 1 tsp. 3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts until you feel better.
- Helps to significantly improve health and valerian. To do this, take 1 tbsp. l plant root (crushed) and poured 1 tbsp. boiling water left overnight. In the morning, the product is filtered and during the first 3 weeks 1/3 of Art. Is taken, the next 7 days is taken in 2 Art. l., then 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day before the end of the course of treatment, the duration of which is 2 months. Then a short break is taken and, if necessary, a repetition of the course is possible.
If unpleasant symptoms appear that may be symptoms of extrasystoles, you should seek advice from an experienced specialist. Only a doctor can determine the cause of this pathology and determine the degree of its danger. In some cases, there is not enough national treatment, you may need additional drug therapy.