Any serious illness causes fear, helplessness and anxiety. We are carefully trying to understand the reasons for its occurrence, to recall the first symptoms, to choose the optimal treatment. Nodular erythema of the lower extremities also raises these questions.
The concept and types of erythema
Erythema (nodular) is an inflammation of the outer skin and subcutaneous tissue, which is accompanied by the appearance of symmetrical red nodes on the extremities.
There are 5 types of nodal erythema, each of them will have its own characteristics in the treatment.
In newborns, toxic erythema may occur, which is considered normal for medical reasons. Such a phenomenon, as a rule, passes on its own within 7 days from the moment the child is born.
Infectious diseases can cause infectious erythema in both young patients and adults. Erythema of the legs may appear due to a cold, exudative erythema, and will be accompanied by weakness, headache, discomfort in the joints and throat.
A tick bite sometimes causes Lyme disease, which causes migrating erythema. A ring-shaped form of the disease occurs due to allergies, poisoning and infection.
Why does this disease appear?
As for the common causes of this disease, for starters, it should be noted that women who are expecting a child, or who take hormonal contraceptive drugs, most often suffer from it. And, as a rule, erythema cause more complex diseases:
- Colitis caused by an ulcer;
- Crohn's disease;
- Tumors of different nature.
Sometimes it is impossible to identify the main disease, then the nodal erythema will be an independent disease.
Another of the reasons is the use of various medications:
- Drugs, which include sulfur;
- Estrogen containing drugs;
- And others.
Since the disease affects the limbs, the health of the blood vessels will play a big role. And at risk are people suffering from varicose veins or inflammation of the venous walls with the formation of blood clots.
Symptoms of nodular erythema
An obvious and main feature is the presence of nodes on the skin and subcutaneous tissues. Their size varies from 1 to 5 centimeters, and the formation itself is slightly convex, while the skin is smooth and red.
After a few days, the picture changes, as the nodes become larger, denser, without disintegrating. The skin turns blue and then becomes yellow.
As for the nodes themselves, then, as a rule, they are characterized by symmetry on both limbs. They grow quickly, however, having reached its limit, the growth stops. The patient does not complain of itching, but may experience pain.
The onset of the disease passes with symptoms: weakness, no appetite, chills, pain in the joints. The majority of patients during the examination revealed inflammation of the joints.
After 2-3 weeks, erythema nodosum retreats: nodes disappear, the above symptoms are absent.
If you have found the symptoms of this disease, do not try to self-medicate, but rather consult a specialist as soon as possible.
Prevention of erythema and the danger of this disease
To prevent this disease from reaching you, you must first of all protect your body from low and very high temperatures. If you work with hazardous chemicals, you must observe all safety measures to prevent harmful mixtures from getting on the skin.
As you already understood, erythema can be an indicator of another more complex disease, so it is important to consult a doctor in time and discover the main disease. Note that erythema is not transmitted by airborne droplets.
In the scientific community, it is believed that nodal erythema is not dangerous, that is, it is an allergy that has a benign course. However, this situation does not mean that the disease does not need to be treated. So during pregnancy, erythema damages the health of women, increasing the risk of cardiovascular complications.
Ways to treat erythema
Treatment of erythema nodular begins with a full examination by a specialist, which allows to establish the presence or absence of the underlying disease, which dictates subsequent appointments. If a concomitant disease is detected, measures are taken to treat it, and the struggle is underway to eliminate subcutaneous inflammation.
Various drugs are prescribed to eliminate the symptoms of erythema, for example, Telfast or Diazolin. If the situation is complex, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Also, experts often recommend a diet and resort to physiotherapy procedures: compresses, UHF, fontophoresis.
What is erythema is now clear, it is not a dangerous disease, but it has its own causes and symptoms. Despite the successful course of this disease, when its symptoms appear, it is necessary to contact a specialist who will prescribe a competent treatment for a speedy recovery. Do not try to cure erythema yourself!