Many people today prefer to drink black and green tea with the addition of bergamot. Meanwhile, few people understand exactly what this plant is. We will tell you what bergamot is and how it looks, in what cases it is used, how it can be useful, and what it is harmful.
What is bergamot?
The bergamot plant is citrus and belongs to the ruta family. In some sources you can find another one of his name - orange-bergamot. The name of the tree was due to the appearance of the fruit, which resembles a pear-shaped orange, because in Turkish the word "bergamot" means "master's pear".
Bergamot is a fairly tall tree. All its branches cover small spines. During the flowering period, the entire bergamot tree is covered with incredibly beautiful flowers with a wonderful aroma. Depending on the type of plant, they can be red and white. From September to the onset of cold weather, the tree bears fruit. Its yellow fruits resemble a mixture of lemon and orange, but they are too bitter and are not suitable for use in pure form.
Bergamot: the benefits and harm
Its essential oil is valued most in bergamot. To obtain it, not only fruits are collected, but also shoots, flowers and leaves. The greatest amount of essential oil is extracted from the peel of the fruit of this plant. At the same time, many people believe that bergamot oil is suitable exclusively for flavoring tea and toilet water - due to its specific flavor.
Not everyone who knows what bergamot is and how it looks is well aware of the many advantages of this product.
Meanwhile, the herb bergamot has the following beneficial properties:
- is an antidepressant and stimulates activity;
- eliminates circulatory problems, dilates blood vessels;
- lowers cholesterol and blood sugar, normalizes metabolism;
- involved in the prevention of cardiac diseases;
- is an effective antiseptic, destroys microbes;
- helps with headaches, fractures, sprains and other injuries;
- it has a calming and tonic effect;
- boosts immunity and body defenses.
Despite the huge amount of beneficial properties of bergamot, the abuse of its essential oil can cause significant harm to the human body. In some cases, after consuming bergamot or inhaling its aroma, people develop weakness, general malaise and shortness of breath. In addition, blood pressure may increase or decrease.
In addition, the plant is quite a strong allergen. Most often, allergic reactions to it manifest themselves in the form of a variety of skin rashes. However, in severe cases, allergies can cause nasopharyngeal swelling and breathing difficulties.
Finally, improper use of bergamot oil can cause severe burns. In no case should bergamot essential oil be applied to the mucous membranes in any way, and, if necessary, it is necessary to act with caution on exposed skin.
Application of bergamot in various fields
Bergamot oil is unusually effective for the prevention and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system, as well as numerous fears, neuroses and depressions. Anti-inflammatory properties of bergamot help in the fight against fungal skin lesions, acne, acne and other dermatological problems.
One of the most unpleasant diseases of the urinary organs, from which women are more affected, is cystitis. With this problem, patients experience both physical discomfort and incredible depression. Bergamot essential oil not only alleviates the suffering of a sick person, but also creates a positive psycho-emotional attitude, which is very important for getting rid of this ailment.
The ability to increase the mood of bergamot is used quite often. A great way to calm down, relax and escape from problems in case of depression or prolonged depression is a massage using bergamot oil.
The unique aroma of bergamot is often used by manufacturers of perfumes and toilet water. Especially prized perfume composition consisting of a mixture of rosemary, orange and bergamot essential oils. Perfume with the addition of these components produce an elegant, delicate and unusually light floral scent that many girls like very much.
The fruit of bergamot tastes too bitter and sour at the same time, so it is impossible to eat them in a pure form or prepare different dishes with their participation. However, from the peel of these pear-shaped oranges do candied fruits or marmalade.
Is it possible to grow bergamot yourself?
The plant bergamot is very unpretentious, and it can be easily grown even on a windowsill. Caring for him comes down to the simplest actions. In summer, a potted plant is best brought to fresh air, for example, to a balcony. In winter, it is preferable to keep it in a sunny place, but it must be ensured that the room is not too hot. Bergamot should be watered with warm water, trying not to overdo it. With proper care, your tree will bear fruit up to 4 times a year and constantly delight you with its wonderful aroma. In addition, flowering and fruiting bergamot looks incredibly attractive and will decorate any room.