Fruits on the table are an indispensable source of vitamins that are important for the full activity of the body. Their diversity allows each person to choose the most suitable ones - according to taste preferences and according to medical purposes. Knowing what fruits are possible with diabetes, you can easily enrich the menu and improve your health.
If diabetes, the fruit is no harm
When diabetes is very important to eat fresh fruit. Vitamins that they contain, increase immunity, and trace elements contribute to the normal activity of almost all organs and systems. Such food is especially valuable in case of endocrine system malfunctions: the processes of metabolism and assimilation of beneficial substances are improved.
Also, people with diabetes, a huge benefit brings fiber. And those fruits that are saturated with pectins are a real treasure of this substance! With the help of such natural products, slags are more intensively removed from the intestine, the weight is reduced, the sugar and cholesterol levels in the blood are reduced.
And yet, recognizing the great value and importance of fruits in the diabetic menu, they are advised to use them with caution. It is important to take into account the glycemic index of each product. This indicator means the speed of assimilation of carbohydrates entering the body. When deciding which fruits can be used in case of diabetes mellitus, and which ones are better sent to "retirement", it is advisable to give preference to fruits that are characterized by a medium or low glycemic index.
There are many gifts of nature that meet the requirements of a diabetic diet. What kind of fruit can I eat with diabetes? In the list of products with a valid glycemic index are:
- pears, apples, plums, peaches. This group of fruits is rich not only in vitamins and minerals, but also in pectin, a plant substance that improves metabolism. Pectin helps to eliminate excess cholesterol, prevents the formation of blood clots, cleans blood vessels. It also improves blood circulation and normal bowel function;
- citrus. Orange and lemon bring benefits: they contain a lot of fiber and vitamins (especially C). But the palm in terms of valuable properties belongs to grapefruit. Of all the fruits that can be eaten with diabetes, this is advised to use daily. In the case of an insulin-dependent ailment, 1 fruit per day will help to maintain the elasticity and purity of the vessels, and to keep weight normal;
- tropical fruits (papaya, mango, pineapple, kiwi). Particular attention should be paid to the Kiwi - a modest-looking overseas fruit, which today can be bought in every supermarket. It has a remarkable property to maintain normal sugar levels, to control weight. This is a wonderful helper of the pancreas: due to the content of enzymes, it burns excess fat. And still the "hairy" fruit cleans the walls of blood vessels, strengthens them.
Quite often, endocrinologists are asked whether it is possible to eat persimmon in diabetes mellitus. After all, it is often said about this fruit: "Sweet, like honey." Does this delicacy harm a serious illness? This fruit contains a lot of valuable vitamins and minerals. The glycemic index of persimmon is average, so it is allowed to eat with diabetes. But it should be limited to a small piece, because this fruit contains a lot of sugar - up to 25% of the composition. In severe forms of the disease and in diseases of the pancreas, such a fruit cannot be introduced into the diet.
And here is another favorite of both children and adults - a banana. Fruit is not without reason so popular all over the world, because only it contains serotonin - the hormone of happiness. And many more important vitamins, macro-and micronutrients. Can I eat bananas with diabetes? The glycemic index of this fruit is above average. In addition, a banana has a high calorie content, can lead to the appearance of excess weight. Therefore, such a product on the table of a diabetic is not very desirable, it should be used in small quantities and in rare cases.
Freshness and moderation - the guarantee of health
When explaining the question of what fruits are impossible in case of diabetes mellitus, endocrinologists are unanimous in their opinion: you need to abandon boiled fruits. Jams and compotes are contraindicated. In addition, you need to refrain from fresh juices from unlicensed fruits, because in such beverages glucose is more than in the latter. The same applies to dried fruit: they have a glycemic index higher than that of fresh ones.
Any gift from mother nature will benefit only if used moderately. To vitamins, macro-and micronutrients are well absorbed, you should eat the fruit fractional, in small portions. Thus, it is possible to prevent a sharp increase in blood glucose. The optimal part of the fruit in the total diet is 1/3. It is desirable to eat at least 4-5 times a day.
Fruits are an integral part of a healthy diet, which is especially important for diabetes. Fresh fruits enrich the body with valuable elements, improve health, charge with energy. If such gifts of nature are used sparingly, it will not lead to an increase in the level of sugar in the blood, but will benefit health.