What medicine do you take out from the first-aid kit if you have a headache or a fever? Nine out of ten people will call Paracetamol. How correct would such a treatment be? What does Paracetamol help with and what is it unable to cope with?
A medicine with 35 years of experience: is it not time to retire?
Although Paracetamol appeared in our country back in the 80s, many believe that it is simply impossible to find a cure for cold, pain and fever. And he really helps! After 20-30 minutes, the headache and toothache will calm down, relieve fever, relieve joint aches.
In the international classification of this drug is called "acetaminophen". He gained wide popularity due to its effectiveness, safety (even an overdose is not capable of causing serious health problems), accessibility and multifunctionality.
Paracetamol is an analgesic, antipyretic drug, also has a mild anti-inflammatory effect. Since he is a "long-lived" and has long been used in medical practice, it has been studied almost thoroughly, and its effectiveness has been proven many times. And the medicine is not going to give up their positions. Today, it is a component of multi-component drugs (Cold Flu, Theraflu, etc.), it can be found in such popular medicines as Efferalgan, Panadol.
Forms of release and indications for use
The drug is available in the form of syrups, tablets, powder, capsules, rectal suppositories, elixirs, drops, and ampoules for injections.
In the instructions, its purpose is indicated as follows: antipyretic and analgesic. These two words will tell little to an ordinary person. Therefore, in order to understand what Paracetamol helps from, it is better to get acquainted with the indications for its use. These include:
- different types of pain - headache (including migraine), dental, menstrual, muscular, due to injury (burn);
- pain with neuralgia;
- fever provoked by infectious and inflammatory diseases.
This medicine is indispensable for those patients who do not tolerate acetylsalicylic acid.
Paracetamol - the best cure for hyperthermia?
The first answer to the question of what Paracetamol helps is the temperature. Since it acts on the center of thermoregulation, the drug removes the heat quickly and efficiently. The patient will feel the result from the drunk pill (or syrup) after 20 minutes. And this effect will be maintained for at least 4 hours.
But Paracetamol will not cure the disease, but only eliminate its symptom - hyperthermia. Therefore, as a means of combating the disease (including a cold), it is not suitable. But using it to bring the temperature down is the right decision.
A hard-coated Paracetamol tablet does not act as quickly as soluble pills and powders. This property must be known, since it can be useful if the patient does not tolerate fever badly (for example, he begins to have cramps), and it is necessary to normalize the temperature as soon as possible.
How to take Paracetamol correctly to reduce the high temperature (more than 38 degrees)? This drug can be given to children from 3 months. For children, a single dose should be:
- babies under 1 year old - no more than 120 mg;
- children aged 1-6 years - up to 250 mg;
- children 6-12 years old - 500 mg.
The medicine is allowed to give small patients 4 times a day, with a minimum interval between doses of 4 hours.
Adults are also advisable to take Paracetamol to reduce the temperature. This should be done according to the following scheme: from 3 to 4 times a day, not more than 500 mg at a time. The duration of treatment is limited to 5 days. With extreme caution (as prescribed by the doctor) the drug can be used at temperatures for pregnant and lactating women.
To achieve a quick result, it is better to drink a pill an hour after eating. It is necessary to drink plenty of liquid.
Important: if there is no temperature, but there are cold symptoms, then treatment with Paracetamol will be ineffective, you should not drink it.
Paracetamol and Toothache
Will Paracetamol Save Toothache? This drug helps fast enough. After 30 minutes (when the tablet resolves in the stomach), the excruciating pain subsides. Therefore, it can be used as a temporary measure to get rid of a sharp toothache, if for some reason you cannot quickly get to the dentist.
If a tooth ached, then you need to drink Paracetamol tablet, but not earlier than 20 minutes after eating. It is better to drink it with ordinary water (it can be boiled). Coffee and tea for these purposes are not suitable, as in combination with the components of the drug will increase the burden on the liver. With aching pain, you can take 4 tablets per day.
If the tooth is bothering a pregnant woman, she can drink Paracetamol without harming the fetus, but on condition that the standard dosage is not exceeded.
With the help of Paracetamol, you can relieve toothache in a child, if he is more than 3 years old. In this case, it will be enough ½ tablet.
Although Paracetamol has “dental” abilities, other medicines are considered more effective for eliminating unbearable toothache: Analgin, Baralgin, Dexalgin, Nise, Ketanov, Nurofen (it is suitable for children) and Aktasulid.
Will Paracetamol Cure a Headache?
Doctors and patients themselves unanimously confirm that Paracetamol helps with headaches. He is able to alleviate the condition even with a migraine attack.
Why medicine cures headaches? It affects the vessels (relieves spasm) and normalizes blood flow. Since the reason for such pain is in most cases narrowing of the vessels, the drug shows high efficiency.
After oral administration, the pain disappears in about half an hour. If Paracetamol is taken on its own, then the maximum daily dose should not be more than 4 g. To eliminate the headache, the pill is swallowed immediately after eating, with a small amount of water.
But this tool does not get rid of an intense headache. In this case, Tempalgin, Analgin or Nurofen are more suitable.
Who can not be treated with Paracetamol?
Although this medication is considered the most benign among similar drugs, you should carefully examine who it can harm. The main contraindications to its reception are:
- individual sensitivity;
- children up to 3 months;
- liver and kidney disease;
- old age of the patient;
- alcohol addiction.
What unpleasant surprises can be expected from Paracetamol: side effects
If you compare this medicine with other non-steroidal painkillers, it will be the least toxic. That is why WHO has made it to the list of the safest drugs. Paracetamol is the drug of choice at temperatures for pregnant women and babies.
But if you violate the rules of its admission (drink longer than 7 days, exceed the maximum dose), then the drug can have a negative effect on the liver, kidneys and the blood system. In exceptional cases, allergic reactions were also noted - skin rash and itching. This is a signal to cancel the drug.
Recommendations for the safe reception of Paracetamol
In order not to harm your health, you should adhere to the following treatment rules with Paracetamol:
- do not drink it on an empty stomach;
- after taking the medicine for 30 minutes, do not drink coffee, tea or juice;
- self-treatment should not last longer than 3 days;
- for any adverse reactions immediately discontinue treatment with this agent;
- Do not combine Paracetamol with alcoholic beverages;
- strictly adhere to the recommended dosage, observe the established intervals between taking the drug;
- in order not to reduce the effectiveness of the drug, at the same time it should not take absorbents.
Paracetamol is a reliable assistant in the fight against fever and headache. But no serious infection is too tough for him. It cannot withstand a cold or inflammation and will never replace antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Therefore, if the tool does not give the expected effect, then, most likely, the patient requires professional treatment with other (more powerful) drugs. No need to explain that they can only be prescribed by a doctor.