Sore eyes, swollen and reddened eyelids, itching that causes anxiety to the baby - these are the first symptoms of conjunctivitis. The disease can be of different types, it can occur in an acute form or become chronic. It is important for parents to know how viral conjunctivitis manifests in children, because in some cases this inflammation is dangerous.
Such different microorganisms ...
If the mucous membrane of the eyes is inflamed due to a viral infection, this disease is called viral conjunctivitis. Its pathogens, in turn, are of different types. Some of them do not cause serious harm to the children's body, while others are quite dangerous.
A child may have one of the types of viral damage to the organs of vision:
- isolated (caused by adenovirus, herpes simplex, enterovirus, shingles);
- concomitant viral infections (influenza, rubella, measles, chicken pox).
Viral conjunctivitis in children occurs often - almost the same as ARVI. However, pediatricians urge parents to take seriously the treatment of this inflammation in order to rule out all possible complications. Here are some cases in which you need to consult a pediatrician:
- inflamed eyes in the baby up to 1 year;
- inflammatory process lasts more than 2 days;
- the child is afraid to look at the light;
- there are complaints of severe eye pain and blurred vision;
- small bubbles are noticeable in the upper eyelid;
- eyes "turn sour" after sleep.
If the baby constantly rubs and scratches the eyes and the area around them, and the eyelids are red and swollen, then this may be viral conjunctivitis. In children, the symptoms and diagnosis of this disease are the competence of the pediatrician or pediatric ophthalmologist. Cytological and virological studies allow specialists to determine which microorganism caused the infection and how to treat it. In addition, doctors check whether the parotid lymph nodes are enlarged, their sensitivity.
Dangerous viruses - serious treatment
In cases where viral conjunctivitis is detected, the doctor analyzes the symptoms and prescribes treatment. If inflammation of the eye membrane in children caused adenovirus or herpes, the therapeutic measures are carried out under the strict supervision of specialists. These are the most dangerous types of conjunctivitis.
Adenovirus brings children a lot of discomfort. Such a virus enters the body through airborne droplets and through contact with an infected surface. In addition to the symptoms common to all types of inflammation of the eyes, this disease is accompanied by increased body temperature, respiratory organs inflammation, and sleep disorders.
Herpes conjunctivitis, a disease caused by the herpes simplex virus, is also painful. Inflammation can manifest in 3 forms:
- follicular (mild inflammatory process);
- catarrhal (acute and painful onset, the course is accompanied by a small amount of mucous discharge);
- vesicular-ulcerative (herpetic vesicles appear).
By prescribing how to treat viral conjunctivitis in a child, doctors usually prescribe eye drops (for example, Ophthalmoferon). Instill up to 6 times a day. Before using the drops, rinse the eyes - suitable warm boiled water or decoction of chamomile. For each eye, use a disposable cotton swab.
In order to prevent the recurrence of infection and for the prevention of associated diseases prescribe ointment - tetracycline or erythromycin. They are used at night, laying the drug for the lower eyelid. And if viral conjunctivitis is found in children caused by herpes, the treatment is usually carried out with general and topical preparations containing acyclovir.
Children often suffer from viral conjunctivitis. This disease requires care and caution from parents. After all, if the inflammation is caused by the herpes virus or adenovirus, the child needs serious treatment. For a quick and complete recovery, it is important to contact the clinic in a timely manner and correctly carry out all the requirements of specialists.