The topic of compulsory vaccination of children of different age categories is quite relevant. This is not a whim of your local pediatrician. This system of preventive measures is developed by the Ministry of Health, therefore, it is necessary to strictly observe the schedule of vaccinations for children. This will be discussed today.
Vaccination: to be or not to be?
Strange as it may seem, some parents do not adhere to the schedule of preventive vaccinations for children and consider such measures absolutely useless and sometimes even dangerous. Whatever it was, but you need to vaccinate the crumbs, especially since the first vaccine is introduced within 12 hours after its birth.
To understand the importance of such procedures, you need to know what vaccination is. This is a preventive measure that allows the child to form a strong immunity to the most dangerous and most developed ailments. The following pathologies are affected:
- whooping cough;
- type B hepatitis;
It is these diseases of viral and infectious nature that pose the greatest danger to the human body. The vaccination schedule is drawn up at the legislative level and is regulated not only by laws, but also by a number of departmental regulatory legal acts.
Parents have the right to refuse to carry out such preventive measures, but they must be aware that the responsibility for the health of the crumbs falls entirely on their shoulders. The kid becomes vulnerable to the above pathologies. Even if it happens that the crumb gets sick after vaccination, the pre-administered vaccine will help him to more easily transfer the illness and escape from the development of complicated consequences.
So, we have already said that at the legislative level there is a special schedule of vaccinations, depending on the age category of the baby. Parents need to know this information in order to take the baby to the clinic in time. As practice shows, a local pediatrician notifies about such events in advance.
Vaccinations are not made in accordance with the approved schedule with a number of contraindications, in particular:
- during the inflammatory processes in the body;
- during the recurrence of chronic ailments;
- when diagnosing an allergic reaction to a pharmacological drug.
Babies who are carriers of immunodeficiency virus from birth cannot be vaccinated against rubella, tuberculosis, mumps, polio and measles. If at the moment when the baby needs to be vaccinated, he suffers from an infectious disease, such a procedure is postponed until recovery. When exacerbation of chronic pathologies, in particular, pyelonephritis or gastritis, vaccination is performed after one calendar month from the date of recovery.
We will arrange vaccinations in places
The vaccination schedule for children under one year should be observed, since it is during this period that the crumbs’s immune system is actively formed. The children's body needs to be strengthened with pharmacological vaccines to make it easier to resist the attacking ailments.
The first vaccination in the life of a baby is done within 24 hours after its birth. This is a vaccine against hepatitis B. To consolidate the result, a similar vaccine is administered when a baby reaches 1 and 6 months. This schedule can be modified if the mother of the baby is the carrier of such a virus, but under the condition that the disease was diagnosed only during the period of gestation. Then vaccination can be made in 1, 2 and 12 months of the infant's life.
Maximum on the fourth day after the birth of the baby vaccinated against tuberculosis. Vaccination is called BCG. Already at this stage, the child is protected from such a serious illness, and the risk of infection is reduced to zero. Pay attention to your left forearm: see a scar? It is this scar that indicates that such a vaccine was injected into the maternity hospital. Moms do not have to worry about long-term healing of the wound. The optimal time for tissue regeneration after such a manipulation is 2-3 months.-
As practice shows, a pharmacological drug against tuberculosis may not be administered to a baby within the prescribed period, subject to the following conditions:
- if the weight of the newborn is less than 2 kg;
- if the baby is HIV-positive;
- with congenital pathologies of the nervous system;
- in the presence of malignant neoplasms;
- in case of development of pathology of hemolytic type.
When the crumb reaches three months of age, he is supposed to undergo a comprehensive vaccination, referred to in the practice of DTP. Although for the formation of immunity against pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria, other pharmacological preparations may be used.
At the same age, polio vaccination is done. It is administered orally. Mandatory comprehensive vaccination is carried out at 4 and 6 months, and then repeated when the baby reaches one year old. At the age of 12 months, the so-called KPC vaccine is administered to the baby. It forms immunity to parotitis, rubella and measles.
And what next?
After all the necessary preventive measures have been taken in the first 12 months of life, the vaccination schedule for children after one year should be carefully studied. Parents should not ignore the pattern of injection, otherwise they put their offspring in danger and make it vulnerable to viruses and infections.
Let's explore together what vaccinations are given to children under 3 years old. This will tell us the approved schedule. At 18 months, the baby is re-injected, known by many as DTP. Also, the baby needs to be vaccinated again against poliomyelitis and infections of the hemophilic type. In order to develop a sustainable immunity to poliomyelitis, vaccination will need to be repeated one more time when the child reaches two years of age. Another vaccination is given much later, or rather, at six years old.
If a child attends a preschool institution, then a specialized kindergarten doctor or a local pediatrician will invite parents to do a Mantoux reaction. Consider vaccination such a test can not be. A pharmacological agent is inserted under the skin, which leaves roundness. In childhood we called it a button. During a certain time, the doctor monitors the reaction. With an increase in swelling in size, the baby must immediately visit a phthisiatrician.
Deviations from the vaccination schedule may be in certain regions, where the risk of the disease is increased. So, at the age of three years, the parents of the baby may be asked to be vaccinated against such ailments:
Immediate vaccination, which does not correspond to the schedule, is carried out in those regions where there is an increased risk of outbreaks of various epidemics or pandemics. In this case, the hospital staff must respond to the parents' request for inoculation of the crumbs.
You can argue about the need for vaccination indefinitely. Dear parents, think about the safety of their crumbs. If, after vaccination, the baby has side effects or complications, all responsibility falls on the shoulders of the pediatrician. Do not ignore the established schedule of vaccinations, because the effectiveness and the need for such vaccinations at certain periods of life have been tested for years.