Everyone is so scared of vaccine complications that they are often abandoned. Although vaccination against pneumococcal infection in children is included on the mandatory vaccination sheet, import vaccine will have to be paid. However, before you say "no!", It is better to compare the danger from a possible illness and vaccination. So to do it or not to make it a child?
What is terrible pneumococcus?
Pneumococci are bacteria, medically Streptococcus pneumoniae. They lead to such serious diseases as pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis, purulent meningitis, arthritis, pleurisy, endocarditis. These diseases threaten a child with serious complications and irreparable consequences.
Pneumococcus can infect children of any age. Statistics released by the WHO shows that up to 1.5 million young patients become its victims. The consequences of this are so dangerous that vaccination against pneumococcal infection in children is able to save lives.
When to get vaccinated?
Up to 6 months of this vaccination does not make sense, since the mother shares her antibodies with him at birth. But after six months, their activity decreases, and the body crumbs become defenseless.
There are two types of vaccines for children. One is intended for use in infancy - up to 2 years. The second - from 2 to 6 years. Later to carry out such a vaccination is useless.
When should a pneumococcal infection be given to children? Komarovsky, who unequivocally advocates for its implementation for children at risk, gives such advice. If you are going to give the baby in the nursery, that is, he will be in the children's team before 2 years old, get vaccinated before that age. If the child is at home, and after the end of maternity leave, the mother will send him to the kindergarten, then go to the vaccination after reaching 2 years of age.
The risk of catching the infection is really high just in babies up to 24 months of life.
Types of vaccines against pneumococcal infection and their features
At the disposal of physicians are two approved drugs, through which children are vaccinated:
- "Prevenar". It is produced in the USA. Provides protection against 13 varieties of such infection. Allowed from 2 months. Depending on the age of the drug is administered according to a special scheme. From 2 to 6 months, 3 vaccinations are made at monthly intervals. If the first vaccination is made in 7-11 months, then they will be performed further with a 2-month interval, and once again you will have to come for the vaccination in a year. If the child starts to be vaccinated at 12-23 months, you will have to make only 2 vaccinations. The interval between them will be 2 months. After 2 years, only 1 vaccination is given. The drug can be combined with other injections (excluding BCG).
- "Pneumo 23". Made in France. Effective against 23 types of pneumococcal pathogens. The vaccine can be combined with anti-influenza. This vaccination is not given to children under 2 years of age. It is held once, gives immunity for 3-5 years. Revaccination is indicated after 3 years.
Can there be side effects and which ones?
One of the most important questions that worries parents is how dangerous vaccination against pneumococcal infection is for children, what are the side effects and reactions to the substance injected? This procedure never causes any special (and even more deadly or leading to disability) effects. But after the injection, symptoms are possible that occur with any other vaccinations. In the first 2 days after the manipulation, parents can detect such manifestations:
- at the point of injection (for children under 2 years of age, it is made into the muscle - into the upper outer part of the thigh, and those who are older - into the upper third of the shoulder) sometimes a small seal is formed. Skin may redden and swell slightly. Such symptoms are fixed at 5%;
- a child may cry because of pain at the injection site;
- in 1% of cases the temperature rises (not higher than 38˚);
- the child may temporarily become irritable, weeping, sleeping poorly or, on the contrary, becoming drowsy and lethargic;
- on the background of hyperthermia occurs chills.
All the listed symptoms are rare and last no longer than a day. Parents should take care of proper site care. It is allowed to wet it, but it is not necessary to smear and treat, and also to glue plasters or to make compresses and bandages.
Temperature is a normal reaction. You can give antipyretic, which is allowed to children. If the child’s condition does not improve after 1 day, you should contact the pediatrician.
Complications and benefits - what will outweigh?
As with any vaccination, complications are still possible, especially if contraindications are not considered. What troubles can a vaccine against pneumococcal infection in children of Prevenar cause? Complications that develop most often (18%) are a temporary restriction of the mobility of the pedicle to which the injection was made, and vomiting.
The sooner vaccination is provided, the lower the risk of complications. Another important note: if together with Prevenar enter the pertussis vaccine, the likelihood of unpleasant consequences increases.
The most severe complication when performing one or the other vaccinations is Quincke edema - an allergic response of the body to the components of the drug. It is also possible exacerbation of existing diseases or a transcendent jump in temperature (when the injection was made to a sick child).
Vaccination against pneumococcal infection in children: parents reviews
Most mom and dad (up to 90%) say that it should be done. After vaccination, the child is less likely to have an acute respiratory disease, you can not be afraid of such terrible diseases as pneumonia and meningitis. But not all antibiotics can cope with these illnesses, and the diagnosis still needs to be managed to be delivered correctly.
The reaction of the children to the vaccine is described by the mother as follows: the child becomes restless for a couple of days, some have fever. Everyone praises "Prevenar", but its cost is more expensive - about 4,200 rubles. For "Pneumo" you will have to pay 2,300 rubles.
If you are hesitant to agree or not to be vaccinated, consider that the effects of pneumococcal infections in 50% of cases lead to the death of the baby. Complications from vaccination are not as an example less often, and they are far from being so dangerous. Vaccination is the most effective preventive method to avoid infection. Therefore, it is hardly reasonable to write a waiver.