Umbilical hernia is the most frequent of children's pathologies. She is diagnosed in every 5th child, and among premature babies - in every 3rd. Parents have a lot of questions. What are the causes of the formation of the disease? How dangerous is it for the child's body?
Umbilical hernia: symptoms of the disease in children
The main reason for the formation of an umbilical hernia in a baby is a hereditary predisposition. If any of the parents of the child was diagnosed with this disease in childhood, then the possibility that the crumb will have a hernia is approximately 70%. But there are situations when the baby’s disease is not hereditary.
Some believe that the umbilical hernia may occur due to the fact that the obstetrician during the birth cut the umbilical cord in violation of certain rules. This is a myth: the method of imposing umbilical brackets does not affect the formation of umbilical hernias in children. They appear only for physiological reasons: insufficient development of muscles in the navel.
The component of the umbilical hernia is usually the intestinal loops. A simple pressing of the bulge usually easily retracts inside. With a wide umbilical ring and a large hernia, even intestinal peristalsis is often seen outwardly, that is, contraction of its muscles and the promotion of food through it, which most parents are usually afraid of, but this does not cause inconvenience to children.
An umbilical hernia is usually not the cause of pain or discomfort. The bulge in the area of the navel may be the size of a pea or cherry. There are cases when it increases slightly over time.
Umbilical hernia in a newborn: features
Umbilical hernia, as a rule, appears already in the first month after the birth of the baby. After a certain period after the fall of the umbilical cord residue, a protrusion may occur in the area of the navel, which can be adjusted independently. In this case, the navel may protrude 1 or 2 cm beyond the tummy. But this does not mean unequivocally about the presence of a hernia, but may simply be an anatomical feature of the child.
The diagnosis of an umbilical hernia can only be made by a pediatrician who is observing a newborn. In the future, the doctor usually sends the child with his parents to consult a pediatric surgeon so that they receive additional recommendations on the method of further treatment.
Pinching of the umbilical hernia, that is, the compression of its contents, is extremely rare. However, pediatricians noticed that kids with this ailment are more whiny, restless, and also sensitive to weather changes. The newborn does not experience pain because of the hernia itself, but the presence of this condition in it is often associated with bloating, which causes anxiety in the baby. An umbilical hernia in babies is more of a cosmetic defect.
With typical development, normalization of intestinal activity, motor activity, self-healing of pathology often occurs. Moreover, this happens even with a significant size of the umbilical ring and a hernia bulging out. Nevertheless, it is useful to do special exercises that help strengthen the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, and perform a massage of the abdomen.
It is useful for babies to spread on the stomach, to do physical therapy with them. Massage and gymnastics should be carried out by massage therapists and exercise therapy specialists. Excellent procedure - stroking the abdomen in a clockwise direction. Her parents can do it themselves. This is recommended to do before feeding the baby. Then the newborn is advised to lay on the belly for about 5-10 minutes.
Another method of treating a hernia is to apply special bandages in the form of patches on the stomach. Where they are sold and what exactly your baby needs, prompts the pediatric surgeon.
But for large hernias, one should not rely only on conservative methods. It happens that the child requires surgery. But in any case, before it is held, the baby will be observed for a long time, as a rule, up to 3-5 years
Only a doctor can diagnose an umbilical hernia for a child. If necessary, he will also select treatment methods. Parents should not panic, because a hernia often passes by itself. But leave the disease without attention is not worth it. It is best to pass an examination by a qualified pediatrician.