Without ultrasound or ultrasound it is impossible to imagine the diagnosis of many pathologies of the internal organs of a person. So, gynecology, as a branch of medicine, practically cannot detect diseases without this type of research; one cannot speak of pregnancy management. Uzi unpretentious type of research requires minimal preparation for its conduct. This list of positive qualities does not end there.
When to do an ultrasound pelvis?
Today, ultrasound is one of the safest and most reliable methods for examining the pelvic organs in women. Its advantages lie in clarity, quick results, which are available immediately during the study. The examination can be carried out in several ways: external, when the sensor scans the state of the internal organs through the abdomen, internal when using an intravaginal sensor. The information content of these research methods is almost the same, but each of them has several advantages over each other.
Ultrasound is widely used to diagnose almost all gynecological diseases, in monitoring their treatment and, of course, in assessing the course of pregnancy. It is in this physiological state that the conduct of ultrasound is of paramount importance. With the help of ultrasound it is possible to timely identify abnormalities in the development of the fetus and take appropriate measures. During pregnancy, the ultrasound scan is carried out several times (3 times in the normal course, with pathology more often). Due to the lack of contraindications and negative effects on the body of the child and the mother, this is a universal method of research.
Ultrasound makes it possible to detect the presence of a tumor process, to diagnose its type (benign or malignant), endometriosis, ovarian cysts, etc. The infertility treatment and the pregnancy planning process will not be without ultrasound. Women of childbearing age can monitor the condition of the uterus and ovaries while taking contraceptives. Moreover, installed intrauterine contraceptive devices require close attention from the doctor and patient. To carry out such control can be directly using ultrasound.
Preparation for the procedure
The study does not need special preparation. If it is carried out through the abdomen, the woman’s bladder should be filled. This condition is necessary for greater reliability of the results. For intravaginal examination, filling the bladder is not required. In any case, the study should take a diaper or towel, as it is lying down.
For examination of pregnant women, additional training is negotiated with the doctor. In some cases, an average bladder filling is necessary, or vice versa - its complete emptying.
How is the ultrasound done?
The procedure itself is absolutely painless, the only uncomfortable sensation is a cold gel-conductor that will contact with the skin of the abdomen. The procedure itself consists in moving the special sensor along the stomach and evaluating the results by the doctor on the monitor. The procedure takes only a couple of minutes.
Interpretation of the results
With the help of an ultrasound, it is possible to identify the malformations of the uterus - two-leggedness, saddle shape, doubling. Such anomalies are the main cause of the increased risk of miscarriages, causes of infertility, etc.
Such a dangerous disease as endometriosis can also be diagnosed with ultrasound. Endometriosis can adversely affect the course of pregnancy and the bearing of a healthy child, also has its effect on the formation of infertility.
With the help of ultrasound, it is possible to diagnose the presence of pregnancy for a period of 3-4 weeks, after fertilization. This period of gestation allows for intravaginal research. With ectopic pregnancy using the same sensor it is possible to accurately diagnose the place of attachment of the ovum.
During pregnancy, the condition of the fetus is assessed, whether it corresponds to the developmental period, the sex of the child can be determined at a certain time if the parents want it. With the pathology of pregnancy and the threat of interruption of gestation, ultrasound is appointed more often to monitor the condition and development of the child. In some cases, an ultrasound is used to control the flow of gynecological pathology during pregnancy.
Special training for the ultrasound, as such, is not required. What makes it quite a convenient procedure, plus an absolutely safe, even for children and pregnant women. Such positive qualities and high information content of the method made it mandatory for routine check-ups for women of any age.