Gardnerellosis in women is a disease, the causative agents of which are actinobacteria and garden swelling. They are present on the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix. This problem should not be neglected, since the lack of treatment can provoke serious problems - from inflammation of the uterus and ovaries to infertility. With timely diagnostics, it is also important to decide how to treat it?
- Itching and burning in the vagina;
- Liquid discharge green or gray;
- An unpleasant smell, like a rotten fish;
- There are painful feelings during intercourse;
- Dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina;
- Burning sensation while urinating;
- Sometimes there are cases of temperature rise to 37.2 - 37.5 degrees.
Symptoms of Gardnerellosis are similar to the symptoms of other genital infections: trichomoniasis, candidiasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea. Based on this, the diagnosis can only be made by a gynecologist based on the smear results. After diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe you a qualified treatment with modern and effective drugs.
Gardnerellosis: causes of the disease
- Frequent change of sexual partners, unprotected sexual acts;
- Infectious diseases of the urogenital area, previously transferred;
- Violation of hormonal levels, which leads to a decrease in vaginal synthesis of glycogen;
- Long-term use of antibiotics;
- Violation of the microflora of the intestinal mucosa, which leads to dysbiosis of the vagina;
- The use of hormonal drugs and antidepressants;
- Frequent vaginal douching with antiseptic agents;
- The use of antibacterial candles, tampons;
- Reduced immunity;
- Overwork, stress and hypothermia.
All these factors lead to Gardnerella in women.
Treatment of Gardnerella with women: drugs
Effective treatment of this disease directly depends on the right combination of local antibacterial drugs, oral agents, traditional methods and hygiene. As a rule, gynecologists prescribe medications aimed at destroying the causative agents of the disease and colonizing the vaginal microflora with the necessary bacteria. The basic drugs in this area is metronidazole, which can be in pills, ointments, suppositories and gels. It is useful to use it both topically (vaginal suppositories) and inside. Metronidazole is effective not only against gardnerell, but also mn. other pathogens of inflammatory processes.
In the acute course of the disease, as well as the presence of concomitant infections, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. One of these drugs is clindamycin, if it is contraindicated or does not help, ampicillin and ampioks are prescribed.
In some cases, probiotics - lactobacterin and bifidumbacterin, which are introduced into the vagina by douching or using tampons, are considered effective means. An important role in the treatment of Gardnerella is played by proper nutrition (an increase in the consumption of fermented milk products), the intake of vitamins and immunostimulants. For a successful treatment, it is also necessary to abandon fatty, fried, spicy foods and alcohol.
After treatment of Gardnerella, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules: to have one sexual partner, to maintain personal hygiene, not to abuse douching and not to use antibiotics without a serious reason (or to take them along with probiotics or means of restoring the intestinal microflora).
Also, the treatment of gardnerella can consist of folk remedies. But this is allowed only in cases where medical drugs are contraindicated or cause individual intolerance. For the treatment of this infection, herbs are considered to be effective in dosing and ingestion. For this, eucalyptus, lavender, oak bark, St. John's wort, sage, chamomile, geranium, celandine, calendula are suitable. With douching it is worth being especially careful, as it can only aggravate the situation, washing out the natural microflora from the mucosa. But phytotherapy is a longer process than drug treatment.
The effectiveness of healing agents is evaluated by the disappearance of the symptoms of gardnerella. Somewhere in 1 - 1.5 months, it is advisable to re-examine the gynecologist and conduct a test smear from the vaginal mucosa. During therapy, it is advisable for a woman to abstain from sex or use barrier contraceptive methods (condoms).
Gardnerella is a vaginal dysbiosis with an atypical increase in the number of bacteria Gardnerell. It occurs frequently and is predominantly noted in women of childbearing (childbearing) age. The treatment of this disease should be treated with full responsibility and in any manifestations contact a doctor for diagnosis and prescription of a qualified treatment.