Conjunctivitis (conjunctivitis)- eye inflammation that covers the mucous membrane of the eye as a result of dirt, dust, germs and viruses. Conjunctivitis is accompanied by redness of the eyelids and the release of pus from them. Often conjunctivitis affects children's eyes.
The causes of conjunctivitis can be bacteria (chlamydia) and viruses that cause sore throat, measles, influenza and acute respiratory infections.
Types of conjunctivitis in children
Conjunctivitismay be bacterial, viral and allergic.
- Bacterial conjunctivitisaffects both eyes and mucus is released from the eyes. Koch-Weeks' wand, streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococcus can also be the cause of conjunctivitis. If conjunctivitis is infectious in nature, it is difficult to become infected, but it is possible. Such conjunctivitis affects the eyes through dirty hands, in which germs constantly live and multiply. Dirt that gets into the eyes through the hands, puts the infection in the conjunctiva of the eye, from which conjunctivitis occurs.
- Viral conjunctivitisonly one eye is affected and it is exuded with abundant tearing (the eyes constantly cry), and mucus is secreted from the eye. Both of these types of conjunctivitis are contagious, so contact with other sick children can be the cause of the disease in children.
- Allergic Conjunctivitisoften occurs during flowering, due to dust and odors that your child is allergic to. In allergic conjunctivitis, the eyes turn red, there is severe itching and pus is released.
- The most complex form of conjunctivitis is chronic.Chronic conjunctivitis may not take a long time, so that the disease does not progress, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor if the child feels itching, burning in the eyes, does not tolerate bright light, eyes get tired quickly, etc.
Conjunctivitis in children: symptoms and signs
The first stages of conjunctivitis are acute. In addition to the symptoms of eye damage, the child may have a fever, a sore throat will appear, lymph nodes will increase - in general, a typical ARD.
Characteristic symptoms of conjunctivitis:
- Eyed eyes.
- Feeling "sand in the eyes."
- Redness of the eyelid skin.
- Discharge of pus or clear fluid (mucus).
Children often have films between the ages.. If, during examination, the doctor found small follicles, it indicates a follicular form of acute conjunctivitis.
During conjunctivitis, it is better to observe bed rest so that the disease passes faster. Comprehensive treatment of conjunctivitis in children involves the use of special eye drops based on interferon, disinfectants and antiallergic drugs.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in children: diagnosis by symptoms
Bacterial conjunctivitis is most common in children., because children constantly rub their eyes with dirty hands. During bacterial conjunctivitis, antibiotics and eye drops are prescribed. If your child has bacterial conjunctivitis, get a doctor's certificate and forget about school and kindergarten during treatment so as not to infect other children and not provoke a complication in your child.
To prevent bacterial conjunctivitis in children, Teach your child to wash hands with soap after the street and after talking with pets, regularly change the baby’s towels to clean ones and wash the baby’s toys with soap, and also improve his immunity by giving him vitamins and fresh fruit.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in children is carried out according to the following rules:
- If you drop eye drops to a child, do it with sterile hands and a clean pipette. When burrowing baby's eyes should be open.
- If conjunctivitis persists, consult a doctor immediately.
- If your child has a frequent runny nose - this can also provoke conjunctivitis, so it’s best to contact a pediatrician and eradicate the cause, in this case, get rid of a cold.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in children
As a rule, the treatment of conjunctivitis is quick, but not easy. For any conjunctivitis, it is necessary to wash the eyes, bury the drops and lay ointment, which the kids do not like to do.
Acute conjunctivitisIt is treated with interferon-based antiviral drugs. Bacterial conjunctivitis easily treatable with tetracycline antibiotics.
For the treatment of conjunctivitis in children can use folk remedies, proven centuries. For example, tincture of chamomile. For the preparation of tinctures use a proportional ratio (1 tsp dry pharmacy chamomile to 1 cup of boiled water). Before rubbing the eyes, the tincture must be drained so that the floral dust disappears and does not get into the eyes of the child.
See also: Conjugative eye drops for children and adults
remember, that it is better to prevent conjunctivitis in a child than to treat it later. Therefore, try to walk with your child more often, regularly ventilate the room, keep the child's hygiene, and ensure proper vitaminized nutrition and exercise that will help to avoid conjunctivitis problems.