Often we hear the various names of diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Tracheitis is considered to be one of the most common pathologies of the respiratory system. Most of all, children with bronchitis or laryngitis are susceptible to this disease. Generally speaking, this respiratory disease occurs as a result of viral and microbial pathogens entering the trachea.
Let's find out together what are the characteristic features of tracheitis, how its symptoms manifest in children and what are the possible ways of treatment.
What is tracheitis?
Tracheitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the mucous surface of the trachea. As practice shows, tracheitis as a separate disease in children is extremely rare. Often this pathology is manifested in acute respiratory viral infections.
Tracheitis in children is usually diagnosed along with other diseases of the respiratory tract, such as pharyngitis or bronchitis. Most often, preschool children are susceptible to tracheitis.
To be aware of the seriousness of this disease, every adult should know the structure of the trachea. It is represented by a hollow tube made of cartilage rings. The back tracheal part is attached to the esophagus. The cavity of the trachea is lined with an epithelial layer on which the nerve endings are located. Therefore, when any irritant hits the mucous surface, pain arises.
What types of pathologies exist?
It is generally accepted to classify tracheitis according to the cause of the disease and the form of its course. In children, the following forms of tracheitis are most often observed:
Causes of tracheitis
To understand why a child has been ill with one or another form of tracheitis, you need to know the causes that trigger the development of the disease.
Factors provoking the development of acute tracheitis
Acute tracheitis in a child’s body can cause:
- temperature difference (intake of excessively hot and then cold or dry air into the respiratory tract);
- lack of the required level of humidity in the room;
- ingestion of viral, microbial or bacterial microorganisms;
- the presence in the air of chemicals that irritate the tracheal mucosa;
- severe and prolonged hypothermia;
- allergic reaction to any external irritant.
Causes of chronic disease type
As pediatricians and otolaryngologists say, chronic type tracheitis is considered to be a neglected form of acute illness. The development of chronic tracheal pathology is due to several reasons:
- untimely or incomplete treatment of the acute form of tracheitis;
- incompletely cured or not immediately identified respiratory infection;
- passive smoking (in cases when the child is always in a smoky room);
- chronic forms of tonsillitis, sinusitis;
- rotten teeth;
- inflammation of the nasopharyngeal tonsil;
Often children become ill with tracheitis, which has an allergic nature. Allergic tracheitis can be triggered by various external pathogens-allergens, for example, dust, plant pollen, animal hair, food, taking pharmacological agents.
Symptoms of tracheitis in children
In order for the parents to promptly detect the development of tracheitis of any form in a child, you need to know what symptoms this respiratory disease has. Let's take a closer look at each form and find out the symptoms.
How does tracheitis appear in acute form?
With the development of acute tracheitis, the following symptoms usually occur:
- the cough is often dry, but may also be mixed with sputum, which gives pain in the sternum;
- cough is paroxysmal;
- fever (this symptom may be absent, it all depends on the reasons for the development of tracheitis);
- discomfort in the chest and burning.
The main symptoms of chronic tracheitis
As already mentioned, the chronic form of tracheitis begins to develop as a result of late medical treatment of pathology in the acute stage. The chronic form is characterized by the following symptoms:
- constant coughing: as a rule, there is a dry cough, the intensity of which gradually increases;
- change in voice timbre: the voice in children becomes hoarse tonality;
- pain, manifested in the lower segment of the chest;
- paroxysmal nature of cough, manifested during sleep.
How to diagnose a disease?
If a child has any of the above symptoms, you should immediately contact a pediatrician or otolaryngologist. The child undergoes a full-scale examination, which includes the following procedures:
- collection of excreted sputum for analysis;
- aspiration of tracheal contents;
- bacteriological examination of the obtained samples;
- test for the presence of allergens.
How to cure tracheitis in acute form?
Tracheal disease is amenable to both pharmacological and popular treatment. Of course, all therapeutic actions should be performed only in a complex and under the supervision of the attending specialist.
If the child's temperature rises, the doctor will prescribe the use of antipyretics, as well as vitamin C. Cough remedies are required to be prescribed, for example, Glaucin, Stopttussin or Libeksin. If the appearance of the disease is due to the presence of an infection, the child may be prescribed antibiotics. Most often, when tracheitis prescribed such antibiotics:
If the development of tracheal pathology is associated with a viral infection, then the attending specialist may prescribe antiviral drugs of pharmacological type, for example, Arbidol, Kagocel or Anaferon.
We treat the acute form of ailments at home
When tracheitis allowed inhalation. For such procedures, you can use onion, garlic, iodine, anise, chamomile, peppermint, sage broths. It is imperative to observe all proportions and the procedure for the inhalation procedure so that the tracheal mucosa is not damaged.
In addition to inhalation, parents can perform the following treatments:
- hot foot baths;
- mustard plasters;
- rubbing the chest with balms;
- dietary ration.
Ways to treat chronic tracheitis in children
For the treatment of tracheitis in the chronic form during the exacerbation period, all pharmacological agents used in the acute form of the disease can be used. Chronic tracheitis responds well to folk remedies. Only all treatment procedures should be carried out in consultation with the attending specialist and in combination with pharmaceutical preparations.
Recipe number 1
- onions - 500 g;
- honey - 50 g;
- sugar - 400 g;
- water - 1l.
- Onions are peeled and finely chopped or whipped in a blender.
- Further in the specified proportions all components mix up.
- Boil 3 hours on low heat.
- Cool and strain broth. Children should be given 1 tsp. 5 times a day.
Recipe number 2
- Wash radish, peel and grate.
- Juice squeeze and mix with honey in equal proportions.
- It is allowed to take 4 times a day for 1 tsp. (not recommended for children under three years old).
Recipe number 3
- 1 tbsp. l coltsfoot leaves;
- 1 tbsp. boiling water;
- 1 tbsp. l honey
- Mix leaves with boiling water.
- Boil for about 15 minutes in a water bath.
- After cooling, the broth must be filtered.
- Add honey
- The child is given such a decoction three times a day for ½ tbsp.
Basic preventive measures
So that the child does not get sick with tracheitis, it is necessary to observe preventive measures:
- humidify the air in the baby's room;
- maintain a constant temperature threshold;
- control that the child does not supercool;
- eliminate the presence of allergens in the house;
- no smoking indoors.
Tracheitis can be attributed to the number of dangerous diseases, since at a younger age it causes a lot of trouble. When the first symptoms appear, be sure to contact your pediatrician or otolaryngologist. Do not forget that the delay can lead to serious consequences. Remember, treatment with folk remedies is allowed only with the permission and under the supervision of the attending specialist.