Toothache is the most intense, and often it appears in a relatively healthy tooth - without visible damage. Not everyone is in a hurry to meet the dentist; many people start to take painkillers, hoping that the symptoms will disappear by themselves. Some patients try to be treated by folk methods - which is especially dangerous. After all, pain can indicate the presence of a tooth cyst, and this is a serious diagnosis.
Tooth cyst - what is it?
Translated from the Greek, the cyst is translated as "bubble". Its appearance is a defensive reaction of the organism. Microbes, bacteria, decomposition products and inflammations accumulate in the cavity of this bladder. The shell of the cyst prevents them from penetrating further into the tissues. Such a bubble with the contents is most often formed on the top of the tooth root.
So where do microorganisms and inflammation appear in the tooth? It's pretty simple. The beginning lies in caries, when microorganisms gradually destroying the hard tissues of the tooth, make their way to the pulp chamber, in which the “nerve” is located. If no treatment is followed, the process becomes chronic and develops further - it affects the entire root canal - killing the pulp. Thus, periodontitis is formed. Both pulpitis and periodontitis are all complications of caries, conditions smoothly flowing into each other.
If no measures were taken during periodontitis, the process develops further, the microorganisms also continue to move along the root canal, live, multiply and, consequently, produce metabolic products. The organism, and the oral cavity in particular, is trying to defend itself, and forms a kind of bag, barrier, which will restrain this process.
The larger the cyst, the longer its development. Sizes can be from 5 mm to several centimeters, in the scale of the oral cavity and alveolar space - these are tangible sizes.
In dentistry, there are several types of cysts, and their classification will depend on the cause and localization. So, at the location - the most common cysts of the anterior group of teeth, cysts of wisdom teeth and cysts formed in the maxillary sinus.
For reasons of occurrence can be identified radicular cyst, which is formed on the tooth root. A follicular or tooth-containing cyst — a specific type of cyst that forms when the germ of a permanent tooth or an extra-complementary tooth is damaged — is not common. In addition, there are also primary, paradental, residual cysts and eruption cysts, which can be diagnosed in children 7–10 years old.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- The most important cunning of diseases of the oral cavity and cysts in particular is that they may not manifest themselves for a long time. The cyst is characterized by very slow growth, during this time there will be no visible symptoms, but at the same time there will be processes of destruction of the jaw tissue and the roots of the teeth, not only the tooth-cause, but also the neighboring ones.
- The patient may notice only a slight displacement of the tooth, loss of natural luster, and the appearance of a light gray tint. And only when the cyst reaches 3 cm in volume, symptoms begin to appear. An inflamed cyst can provoke headaches, general ill health, increased body temperature, and an increase in regional (submandibular) lymph nodes. Pain can occur only when biting food, when a food lump hits the tooth, or the reason the tooth comes into contact with the antagonist.
- External symptoms include the formation of edema, "flux", in the mouth can be seen fistulous passage - a small hole with a red border, through which the outflow of pus. In addition, the gums become swollen. Such symptoms occur when the body cannot cope on its own and medical intervention is required, often surgical.
Surgical and drug treatments
Modern dentistry is trying to use a tooth-preserving treatment, and the removal is delayed in case of emergency. Although relatively recently, the cyst was an indication for unconditional tooth extraction. Which method of treatment the dentist chooses will depend on the clinical picture itself.
The first treatment option is therapeutic. The indication for using this method is a formed cyst of not more than 8 mm. In the course of treatment, the root canal is washed with special antiseptic preparations, and the medicine is laid. After successful cupping of the cyst - the tooth is completely filled. Medications that are used in the course of treatment help to neutralize the cyst.
The disadvantage of this treatment option is the limited indications for use, and long-term treatment for several months. To visit the dentist often have, respectively, with monetary expenditure.
The second treatment option is surgical, but this does not mean that it is a tooth extraction. Surgery successfully uses tooth-shaving operations, for example, resection of the apex of the root. The tooth itself is preserved, and only the tip of the root (or the tip, if there are several damaged roots) with the adjacent cyst is removed.
The indication for using this method of treatment is the presence of a pin in the canal of the tooth, a crown on the tooth, but at the same time the root canals should be sealed to 2/3 of the length and not sealed only at the root itself.
During the operation, a small incision is made in the gum tissue, forming access to the tops of the roots. After removing the roots, the cavity is disinfected, and the resulting space is filled with special biological material. After the operation, treatment continues - taking a course of antibiotics.
But still, sometimes, the tooth must be removed along with a cyst, and tooth-preserving operations are not advisable. Most often, this indication applies to cysts of wisdom teeth.
Will herbal medicine help?
Among the lovers of traditional medicine, there are many supporters who will suggest recipes for dental treatment. Most often, it is a rinse with medicinal plants, the use of honey, garlic, alcohol, etc. But it is worth considering whether such methods will work !? Dentists, and any doctor will say no! And to explain it is quite simple, it is enough to disassemble a couple of popular recipes and recommendations from a scientific point of view.
- The first recommendation is to use chamomile infusion, vodka (alcohol), ficus tincture on alcohol, etc. Whatever recipe is chosen, it all boils down to one thing - rinsing the mouth with any solution. In the rinsing there is nothing wrong, why not!? But only rinsing the mouth with pure alcohol or vodka, no dentist will recommend, nothing useful in such procedures. Alcohol can kill more likely not pathogenic, but useful microflora. No matter how miraculous the mouthwash is, it will not have any effect on the cyst! Simply put, it simply does not penetrate to it. Therefore, such treatment is ineffective, even harmful.
- Recommendation 2 - resorption. A lot can be recommended to dissolve, from the most innocuous products - propolis, to rather exotic products - garlic. At first glance, the methods are safe, but, for example, propolis is the strongest allergen, and garlic, according to the recipe, needs to be absorbed within half an hour. These drugs have long been widely known for their antiseptic properties, but again, they will not have any effect on the cyst - they simply do not penetrate to the site of the lesion. But to get a burn of the mucous from the resorption of garlic for half an hour is quite possible.
Virtually any recipe for traditional medicine speaks of disinfection of the oral cavity, but in no way helps to penetrate to the cyst itself. For these reasons, herbal medicine and healing are useless in this case.
It is worth remembering that a small tooth cyst can be a huge problem. The strength of the patient and the dentist to prevent the development of the disease, it is enough just to regularly visit the doctor, conduct a routine examination. Moreover, one should not hope that the pain that has appeared will pass by itself, be self-medicated or use folk remedies.